Pakistan - Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent)

The value for Nitrous oxide emissions (thousand metric tons of CO2 equivalent) in Pakistan was 30,651 as of 2012. As the graph below shows, over the past 42 years this indicator reached a maximum value of 30,651 in 2012 and a minimum value of 12,162 in 1970.

Definition: Nitrous oxide emissions are emissions from agricultural biomass burning, industrial activities, and livestock management.

Source: European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR):

See also:

Year Value
1970 12,162
1971 12,988
1972 13,590
1973 13,772
1974 14,309
1975 15,042
1976 15,835
1977 16,484
1978 17,698
1979 18,924
1980 18,879
1981 19,455
1982 20,672
1983 19,623
1984 20,121
1985 21,567
1986 18,391
1987 17,121
1988 17,526
1989 18,181
1990 18,444
1991 18,721
1992 20,912
1993 21,665
1994 23,181
1995 23,726
1996 24,836
1997 25,319
1998 25,957
1999 27,032
2000 26,350
2001 24,903
2002 25,213
2003 25,762
2004 26,530
2005 27,077
2006 27,699
2007 28,578
2008 28,373
2009 29,447
2010 30,050
2011 30,351
2012 30,651

Development Relevance: The addition of man-made greenhouse gases to the Atmosphere disturbs the earth's radiative balance. This is leading to an increase in the earth's surface temperature and to related effects on climate, sea level rise and world agriculture. Emissions of CO2 are from burning oil, coal and gas for energy use, burning wood and waste materials, and from industrial processes such as cement production. Emission intensity is the average emission rate of a given pollutant from a given source relative to the intensity of a specific activity. Emission intensities are also used to compare the environmental impact of different fuels or activities. The related terms - emission factor and carbon intensity - are often used interchangeably. The carbon dioxide emissions of a country are only an indicator of one greenhouse gas. For a more complete idea of how a country influences climate change, gases such as methane and nitrous oxide should be taken into account. This is particularly important in agricultural economies. The environmental effects of carbon dioxide are of significant interest. Carbon dioxide (CO2) makes up the largest share of the greenhouse gases contributing to global warming and climate change. Converting all other greenhouse gases (methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), Sulphur hexafluoride (SF6)) to carbon dioxide (or CO2) equivalents makes it possible to compare them and to determine their individual and total contributions to global warming. The Kyoto Protocol, an environmental agreement adopted in 1997 by many of the parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), is working towards curbing CO2 emissions globally.

Limitations and Exceptions: National reporting to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change that follows the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change guidelines is based on national emission inventories and covers all sources of anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions as well as carbon sinks (such as forests). To estimate emissions, the countries that are Parties to the Climate Change Convention (UNFCCC) use complex, state-of-the-art methodologies recommended by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Nitrous oxide emissions are mainly from fossil fuel combustion, fertilizers, rainforest fires, and animal waste. Nitrous oxide is a powerful greenhouse gas, with an estimated atmospheric lifetime of 114 years, compared with 12 years for methane. The per kilogram global warming potential of nitrous oxide is nearly 310 times that of carbon dioxide within 100 years. The emissions are usually expressed in carbon dioxide equivalents using the global warming potential, which allows the effective contributions of different gases to be compared.

Aggregation method: Sum

Periodicity: Annual


Topic: Environment Indicators

Sub-Topic: Emissions