Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent) - Country Ranking

Definition: Methane emissions are those stemming from human activities such as agriculture and from industrial methane production.

Source: European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR): http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 China 1,752,290.00 2012
2 India 636,395.80 2012
3 Russia 545,818.60 2012
4 United States 499,809.30 2012
5 Brazil 477,076.80 2012
6 Indonesia 223,315.70 2012
7 Pakistan 158,336.60 2012
8 Australia 125,588.20 2012
9 Iran 121,298.10 2012
10 Mexico 116,704.60 2012
11 Vietnam 113,563.70 2012
12 Canada 106,846.80 2012
13 Thailand 106,499.20 2012
14 Bangladesh 105,141.60 2012
15 Sudan 96,531.48 2012
16 Nigeria 89,781.93 2012
17 Argentina 88,476.43 2012
18 Central African Republic 85,676.84 2012
19 France 81,178.50 2012
20 Myanmar 80,636.51 2012
21 Turkey 78,852.94 2012
22 Dem. Rep. Congo 75,336.08 2012
23 Kazakhstan 71,350.48 2012
24 Ukraine 68,060.94 2012
25 Colombia 67,978.92 2012
26 Poland 65,071.20 2012
27 Ethiopia 64,481.04 2012
28 South Africa 63,155.99 2012
29 Saudi Arabia 62,903.45 2012
30 United Kingdom 58,980.03 2012
31 Venezuela 58,198.86 2012
32 Philippines 57,169.78 2012
33 Germany 55,720.82 2012
34 Egypt 51,976.75 2012
35 Algeria 48,527.01 2012
36 Uzbekistan 47,333.36 2012
37 Qatar 41,124.05 2012
38 Japan 38,956.54 2012
39 Spain 37,208.11 2012
40 Cambodia 35,914.91 2012
41 Italy 35,238.18 2012
42 Malaysia 34,270.68 2012
43 Korea 32,624.70 2012
44 New Zealand 28,657.65 2012
45 Guinea 28,653.74 2012
46 Kenya 28,026.74 2012
47 Tanzania 27,993.90 2012
48 United Arab Emirates 26,119.55 2012
49 Romania 25,707.73 2012
50 Iraq 24,351.17 2012
51 Nepal 23,982.24 2012
52 Bolivia 23,231.42 2012
53 Turkmenistan 22,008.57 2012
54 Uganda 21,160.82 2012
55 Ghana 21,077.79 2012
56 Madagascar 20,069.72 2012
57 Azerbaijan 19,955.36 2012
58 Uruguay 19,548.61 2012
59 Peru 19,321.45 2012
60 Netherlands 19,025.82 2012
61 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 18,983.42 2012
62 Angola 18,974.45 2012
63 Cameroon 18,516.37 2012
64 Libya 18,494.95 2012
65 Chile 18,380.50 2012
66 Chad 18,363.88 2012
67 Mali 18,041.56 2012
68 Oman 16,857.64 2012
69 Belarus 16,619.66 2012
70 Norway 16,408.94 2012
71 Côte d'Ivoire 16,265.63 2012
72 Paraguay 16,245.74 2012
73 Somalia 16,205.86 2012
74 Ecuador 15,786.34 2012
75 Lao PDR 15,011.34 2012
76 Burkina Faso 14,957.18 2012
77 Trinidad and Tobago 14,788.57 2012
78 Ireland 14,330.03 2012
79 Afghanistan 13,763.17 2012
80 Portugal 12,976.02 2012
81 Syrian Arab Republic 12,782.84 2012
82 Kuwait 12,690.64 2012
83 Morocco 12,012.44 2012
84 Czech Republic 11,901.93 2012
85 Sri Lanka 11,863.52 2012
86 Bulgaria 11,793.66 2012
87 Sweden 10,304.22 2012
88 Mozambique 9,967.77 2012
89 Senegal 9,927.65 2012
90 Belgium 9,243.35 2012
91 Yemen 8,939.92 2012
92 Zimbabwe 8,588.91 2012
93 Cuba 8,559.92 2012
94 Finland 8,551.56 2012
95 Greece 8,254.87 2012
96 Austria 8,006.81 2012
97 Tunisia 7,647.19 2012
98 Denmark 7,602.61 2012
99 Congo 7,156.19 2012
100 Hungary 7,134.92 2012
101 Benin 6,982.54 2012
102 Guatemala 6,877.37 2012
103 Dominican Republic 6,860.96 2012
104 Niger 6,857.72 2012
105 Serbia 6,589.00 2010
106 Zambia 6,551.38 2012
107 Nicaragua 6,491.87 2012
108 Mongolia 6,257.11 2012
109 Mauritania 6,081.59 2012
110 Honduras 5,844.24 2012
111 Tajikistan 5,407.58 2012
112 Togo 5,342.67 2012
113 Namibia 5,097.49 2012
114 Georgia 5,019.19 2012
115 Switzerland 4,900.25 2012
116 Lithuania 4,805.60 2012
117 Croatia 4,708.39 2012
118 Malawi 4,629.30 2012
119 Haiti 4,587.22 2012
120 Brunei 4,539.37 2012
121 Botswana 4,448.17 2012
122 Kyrgyz Republic 4,291.07 2012
123 Slovak Republic 4,074.57 2012
124 Gabon 3,893.93 2012
125 Moldova 3,455.92 2012
126 Armenia 3,425.68 2012
127 Israel 3,415.64 2012
128 Bahrain 3,378.53 2012
129 Panama 3,377.78 2012
130 Sierra Leone 3,352.04 2012
131 Latvia 3,181.15 2012
132 Hong Kong SAR, China 3,147.40 2012
133 Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,140.17 2012
134 El Salvador 3,032.12 2012
135 Equatorial Guinea 2,959.49 2012
136 Rwanda 2,941.60 2012
137 Eritrea 2,893.74 2012
138 Slovenia 2,821.75 2012
139 Burundi 2,718.86 2012
140 Albania 2,644.22 2012
141 Puerto Rico 2,405.98 2012
142 Singapore 2,385.80 2012
143 Costa Rica 2,314.51 2012
144 Estonia 2,234.88 2012
145 Papua New Guinea 2,142.87 2012
146 Guyana 2,124.01 2012
147 Jordan 2,114.78 2012
148 Bhutan 1,769.68 2012
149 Liberia 1,585.68 2012
150 Solomon Islands 1,449.16 2012
151 Guinea-Bissau 1,420.68 2012
152 North Macedonia 1,395.70 2012
153 Eswatini 1,377.02 2012
154 Jamaica 1,316.45 2012
155 Lesotho 1,286.68 2012
156 Luxembourg 1,169.32 2012
157 Lebanon 1,149.76 2012
158 The Gambia 1,039.28 2012
159 Timor-Leste 732.07 2012
160 Fiji 714.61 2012
161 Suriname 709.39 2012
162 Cyprus 642.41 2012
163 Djibouti 634.04 2012
164 Iceland 358.77 2012
165 Mauritius 311.36 2012
166 Comoros 283.80 2012
167 Vanuatu 254.16 2012
168 Belize 228.49 2012
169 The Bahamas 226.62 2012
170 New Caledonia 214.73 2012
171 Cabo Verde 151.49 2012
172 Macao SAR, China 150.58 2012
173 Malta 140.94 2012
174 Samoa 132.88 2012
175 Barbados 109.39 2012
176 Tonga 61.45 2012
177 São Tomé and Principe 46.19 2012
178 St. Lucia 43.72 2012
179 Antigua and Barbuda 43.27 2012
180 Dominica 40.62 2012
181 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 39.86 2012
182 Grenada 36.68 2012
183 St. Kitts and Nevis 30.06 2012
184 Cayman Islands 28.72 2012
185 Greenland 28.68 2012
186 Seychelles 24.15 2012
187 Kiribati 16.31 2012
188 Tuvalu 3.37 2012
189 Nauru 3.21 2012
190 Palau 1.36 2012
191 Montenegro 0.00 2010

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Development Relevance: The addition of man-made greenhouse gases to the Atmosphere disturbs the earth's radiative balance. This is leading to an increase in the earth's surface temperature and to related effects on climate, sea level rise and world agriculture. Emissions of CO2 are from burning oil, coal and gas for energy use, burning wood and waste materials, and from industrial processes such as cement production. Emission intensity is the average emission rate of a given pollutant from a given source relative to the intensity of a specific activity. Emission intensities are also used to compare the environmental impact of different fuels or activities. The related terms - emission factor and carbon intensity - are often used interchangeably. The carbon dioxide emissions of a country are only an indicator of one greenhouse gas. For a more complete idea of how a country influences climate change, gases such as methane and nitrous oxide should be taken into account. This is particularly important in agricultural economies. The environmental effects of carbon dioxide are of significant interest. Carbon dioxide (CO2) makes up the largest share of the greenhouse gases contributing to global warming and climate change. Converting all other greenhouse gases (methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), Sulphur hexafluoride (SF6)) to carbon dioxide (or CO2) equivalents makes it possible to compare them and to determine their individual and total contributions to global warming. The Kyoto Protocol, an environmental agreement adopted in 1997 by many of the parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), is working towards curbing CO2 emissions globally.

Limitations and Exceptions: National reporting to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change that follows the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change guidelines is based on national emission inventories and covers all sources of anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions as well as carbon sinks (such as forests). To estimate emissions, the countries that are Parties to the Climate Change Convention (UNFCCC) use complex, state-of-the-art methodologies recommended by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Methane emissions are those stemming from human activities such as agriculture and from industrial methane production. Expressed in CO2 equivalent using the GWP100 metric of the Second Assessment Report of IPCC and include CH4 (GWP100=21). The emissions are usually expressed in carbon dioxide equivalents using the global warming potential, which allows the effective contributions of different gases to be compared. A kilogram of methane is 21 times as effective at trapping heat in the earth's atmosphere as a kilogram of carbon dioxide within 100 years.

Aggregation method: Sum

Periodicity: Annual