Pakistan - Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent)

The value for Methane emissions (kt of CO2 equivalent) in Pakistan was 158,337 as of 2012. As the graph below shows, over the past 42 years this indicator reached a maximum value of 158,337 in 2012 and a minimum value of 56,482 in 1971.

Definition: Methane emissions are those stemming from human activities such as agriculture and from industrial methane production.

Source: European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL). Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR):

See also:

Year Value
1970 56,503
1971 56,482
1972 57,000
1973 58,195
1974 60,133
1975 62,209
1976 63,556
1977 66,228
1978 68,803
1979 70,223
1980 69,857
1981 72,265
1982 73,475
1983 75,027
1984 76,042
1985 76,228
1986 83,225
1987 84,889
1988 87,597
1989 89,121
1990 90,808
1991 92,711
1992 93,585
1993 97,420
1994 98,780
1995 101,204
1996 105,642
1997 108,132
1998 111,268
1999 114,609
2000 117,125
2001 119,015
2002 122,897
2003 129,409
2004 134,273
2005 138,674
2006 142,329
2007 146,915
2008 150,647
2009 154,356
2010 155,232
2011 156,784
2012 158,337

Development Relevance: The addition of man-made greenhouse gases to the Atmosphere disturbs the earth's radiative balance. This is leading to an increase in the earth's surface temperature and to related effects on climate, sea level rise and world agriculture. Emissions of CO2 are from burning oil, coal and gas for energy use, burning wood and waste materials, and from industrial processes such as cement production. Emission intensity is the average emission rate of a given pollutant from a given source relative to the intensity of a specific activity. Emission intensities are also used to compare the environmental impact of different fuels or activities. The related terms - emission factor and carbon intensity - are often used interchangeably. The carbon dioxide emissions of a country are only an indicator of one greenhouse gas. For a more complete idea of how a country influences climate change, gases such as methane and nitrous oxide should be taken into account. This is particularly important in agricultural economies. The environmental effects of carbon dioxide are of significant interest. Carbon dioxide (CO2) makes up the largest share of the greenhouse gases contributing to global warming and climate change. Converting all other greenhouse gases (methane (CH4), nitrous oxide (N2O), hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), Sulphur hexafluoride (SF6)) to carbon dioxide (or CO2) equivalents makes it possible to compare them and to determine their individual and total contributions to global warming. The Kyoto Protocol, an environmental agreement adopted in 1997 by many of the parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), is working towards curbing CO2 emissions globally.

Limitations and Exceptions: National reporting to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change that follows the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change guidelines is based on national emission inventories and covers all sources of anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions as well as carbon sinks (such as forests). To estimate emissions, the countries that are Parties to the Climate Change Convention (UNFCCC) use complex, state-of-the-art methodologies recommended by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC).

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Methane emissions are those stemming from human activities such as agriculture and from industrial methane production. Expressed in CO2 equivalent using the GWP100 metric of the Second Assessment Report of IPCC and include CH4 (GWP100=21). The emissions are usually expressed in carbon dioxide equivalents using the global warming potential, which allows the effective contributions of different gases to be compared. A kilogram of methane is 21 times as effective at trapping heat in the earth's atmosphere as a kilogram of carbon dioxide within 100 years.

Aggregation method: Sum

Periodicity: Annual


Topic: Environment Indicators

Sub-Topic: Emissions