Electricity production from hydroelectric sources (% of total) - Country Ranking

Definition: Sources of electricity refer to the inputs used to generate electricity. Hydropower refers to electricity produced by hydroelectric power plants.

Source: IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Albania 100.00 2015
2 Paraguay 100.00 2015
3 Nepal 99.80 2015
4 Dem. Rep. Congo 99.71 2015
5 Tajikistan 98.47 2015
6 Namibia 97.79 2015
7 Zambia 96.99 2015
8 Norway 95.83 2015
9 Ethiopia 92.69 2015
10 Mozambique 86.41 2015
11 Kyrgyz Republic 85.19 2015
12 Georgia 78.04 2015
13 Cameroon 74.99 2015
14 Costa Rica 74.61 2015
15 Iceland 73.31 2015
16 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 72.80 2015
17 Togo 69.14 2015
18 Colombia 64.96 2015
19 Sudan 64.54 2015
20 Venezuela 63.70 2015
21 Brazil 61.85 2015
22 Panama 60.77 2015
23 Uruguay 60.16 2015
24 Suriname 60.05 2015
25 Austria 60.00 2015
26 Myanmar 58.85 2015
27 Switzerland 57.88 2015
28 Croatia 56.87 2015
29 Canada 56.74 2015
30 New Zealand 55.50 2015
31 Congo 53.34 2015
32 Angola 53.17 2015
33 Zimbabwe 51.40 2015
34 Ghana 50.87 2015
35 Ecuador 50.70 2015
36 Montenegro 49.65 2015
37 Peru 49.14 2015
38 Sweden 46.51 2015
39 Cambodia 45.49 2015
40 Sri Lanka 45.28 2015
41 Gabon 43.18 2015
42 Kenya 39.24 2015
43 Vietnam 36.61 2015
44 Bosnia and Herzegovina 35.52 2015
45 Guatemala 35.04 2015
46 Latvia 33.62 2015
47 Tanzania 33.49 2015
48 North Macedonia 33.03 2015
49 Chile 31.68 2015
50 Pakistan 30.67 2015
51 Bolivia 28.88 2015
52 Armenia 28.29 2015
53 Serbia 26.81 2015
54 Argentina 26.24 2015
55 Honduras 26.10 2015
56 Slovenia 25.70 2015
57 Turkey 25.65 2015
58 Romania 25.23 2015
59 Finland 24.45 2015
60 El Salvador 22.59 2015
61 Uzbekistan 20.65 2015
62 China 19.07 2015
63 Nigeria 18.20 2015
64 Portugal 16.89 2015
65 Italy 16.17 2015
66 Russia 15.76 2015
67 Côte d'Ivoire 15.52 2015
68 Slovak Republic 14.52 2015
69 Greece 11.77 2015
70 Bulgaria 11.61 2015
71 Philippines 10.51 2015
72 Spain 10.13 2015
73 India 9.98 2015
74 Mexico 9.90 2015
75 France 9.66 2015
76 Malaysia 9.28 2015
77 Kazakhstan 8.71 2015
78 Senegal 8.65 2015
79 Japan 8.23 2015
80 Lithuania 8.20 2015
81 Haiti 8.00 2015
82 Luxembourg 7.44 2015
83 Egypt 7.38 2015
84 Azerbaijan 6.63 2015
85 Nicaragua 6.44 2015
86 Dominican Republic 6.37 2015
87 Morocco 6.12 2015
88 Indonesia 5.87 2015
89 United States 5.84 2015
90 Australia 5.30 2015
91 Moldova 5.06 2015
92 Iran 5.02 2015
93 Benin 4.09 2015
94 Mauritius 4.07 2015
95 Iraq 3.73 2015
96 Ukraine 3.33 2015
97 Jamaica 3.13 2015
98 Germany 2.96 2015
99 Ireland 2.87 2015
100 Thailand 2.67 2015
101 Lebanon 2.60 2015
102 Syrian Arab Republic 2.31 2015
103 Czech Republic 2.17 2015
104 United Kingdom 1.87 2015
105 Poland 1.11 2015
106 Bangladesh 0.96 2015
107 Hungary 0.77 2015
108 Belgium 0.46 2015
109 Korea 0.39 2015
110 Tunisia 0.35 2015
111 South Africa 0.32 2015
112 Belarus 0.31 2015
113 Jordan 0.28 2015
114 Estonia 0.26 2015
115 Cuba 0.24 2015
116 Algeria 0.21 2015
117 Netherlands 0.08 2015
118 Denmark 0.06 2015
119 Israel 0.04 2015
120 Qatar 0.00 2015
120 Singapore 0.00 2015
120 Saudi Arabia 0.00 2015
120 Hong Kong SAR, China 0.00 2015
120 Yemen 0.00 2015
120 Eritrea 0.00 2015
120 Kuwait 0.00 2015
120 Oman 0.00 2015
120 Malta 0.00 2015
120 Trinidad and Tobago 0.00 2015
120 Bahrain 0.00 2015
120 Botswana 0.00 2015
120 Brunei 0.00 2015
120 Libya 0.00 2015
120 Mongolia 0.00 2015
120 Turkmenistan 0.00 2015
120 Cyprus 0.00 2015
120 United Arab Emirates 0.00 2015
120 Niger 0.00 2015

More rankings: Africa | Asia | Central America & the Caribbean | Europe | Middle East | North America | Oceania | South America | World |

Development Relevance: Electrical energy from hydropower is derived from turbines being driven by flowing water in rivers, with or without man-made dams forming reservoirs. Presently, hydropower is the world's largest source of renewable electricity. Hydropower represents the largest share of renewable electricity production. It was second only to wind power for new-built capacities between 2005 and 2010. IEA estimates that hydropower could produce up to 6,000 terawatt-hours in 2050, roughly twice as much as today. Hydropower's storage capacity and fast response characteristics are especially valuable to meet sudden fluctuations in electricity demand and to match supply from less flexible electricity sources and variable renewable sources, such as solar photovoltaic (PV) and wind power. Use of energy is important in improving people's standard of living. But electricity generation also can damage the environment. Whether such damage occurs depends largely on how electricity is generated. For example, burning coal releases twice as much carbon dioxide - a major contributor to global warming - as does burning an equivalent amount of natural gas. Anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions result primarily from fossil fuel combustion and cement manufacturing. In combustion different fossil fuels release different amounts of carbon dioxide for the same level of energy use: oil releases about 50 percent more carbon dioxide than natural gas, and coal releases about twice as much. Nuclear energy does not generate carbon dioxide emissions, but it produces other dangerous waste products.

Limitations and Exceptions: IEA occasionally revises its time series to reflect political changes. For example, the IEA has constructed historical energy statistics for countries of the former Soviet Union. In addition, energy statistics for other countries have undergone continuous changes in coverage or methodology in recent years as more detailed energy accounts have become available. Breaks in series are therefore unavoidable.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Electricity production is total number of kWh generated by power plants separated into electricity plants and CHP plants. The International Energy Agency (IEA) compiles data on energy inputs used to generate electricity. IEA data for countries that are not members of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) are based on national energy data adjusted to conform to annual questionnaires completed by OECD member governments. In addition, estimates are sometimes made to complete major aggregates from which key data are missing, and adjustments are made to compensate for differences in definitions. The IEA makes these estimates in consultation with national statistical offices, oil companies, electric utilities, and national energy experts.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: Electricity production shares may not sum to 100 percent because other sources of generated electricity (such as geothermal, solar, and wind) are not shown. Restricted use: Please contact the International Energy Agency for third-party use of these data.