Electricity production from hydroelectric sources (% of total) - Country Ranking

Definition: Sources of electricity refer to the inputs used to generate electricity. Hydropower refers to electricity produced by hydroelectric power plants.

Source: IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Albania 100.00 2014
2 Paraguay 99.99 2014
3 Dem. Rep. Congo 99.88 2014
4 Nepal 99.79 2014
5 Namibia 99.13 2014
6 Zambia 97.16 2014
7 Tajikistan 97.13 2014
8 Norway 95.84 2015
9 Ethiopia 95.63 2014
10 Kyrgyz Republic 91.26 2014
11 Mozambique 91.16 2014
12 Togo 84.51 2014
13 Georgia 80.37 2014
14 Sudan 78.35 2014
15 Uruguay 74.16 2014
16 Iceland 73.31 2015
17 Cameroon 73.22 2014
18 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 72.59 2014
19 Colombia 71.10 2014
20 Venezuela 68.26 2014
21 Croatia 67.04 2014
22 Costa Rica 65.74 2014
23 Ghana 64.70 2014
24 Brazil 63.23 2014
25 Myanmar 62.36 2014
26 Suriname 62.34 2014
27 Cambodia 60.54 2014
28 Canada 60.06 2015
29 Austria 59.94 2015
30 Switzerland 58.07 2015
31 New Zealand 55.49 2015
32 Montenegro 55.20 2014
33 Congo 54.71 2014
34 Panama 54.20 2014
35 Zimbabwe 54.19 2014
36 Angola 53.18 2014
37 Peru 48.76 2014
38 Ecuador 47.14 2014
39 Sweden 46.13 2015
40 Guatemala 45.20 2014
41 Tanzania 41.65 2014
42 Vietnam 41.55 2014
43 Latvia 38.79 2014
44 Bosnia and Herzegovina 36.73 2014
45 Sri Lanka 36.53 2014
46 Kenya 35.75 2014
47 Gabon 33.59 2014
48 Serbia 32.90 2014
49 Honduras 32.37 2014
50 Chile 31.17 2015
51 Pakistan 29.84 2014
52 Argentina 29.04 2014
53 Romania 28.84 2014
54 El Salvador 27.61 2014
55 Turkey 25.76 2015
56 Bolivia 25.71 2014
57 Slovenia 25.71 2015
58 Armenia 25.70 2014
59 Finland 24.44 2015
60 Côte d'Ivoire 23.09 2014
61 Macedonia 22.46 2014
62 Uzbekistan 21.35 2014
63 China 18.55 2014
64 Nigeria 17.59 2014
65 Portugal 16.88 2015
66 Russia 16.50 2014
67 Italy 15.64 2015
68 Slovak Republic 15.32 2015
69 Syrian Arab Republic 13.81 2014
70 Philippines 11.83 2014
71 Greece 11.56 2015
72 Lithuania 10.76 2014
73 India 10.23 2014
74 Spain 10.05 2015
75 Mexico 10.03 2015
76 Bulgaria 9.81 2014
77 France 9.75 2015
78 Malaysia 9.08 2014
79 Nicaragua 8.89 2014
80 Haiti 8.71 2014
81 Senegal 8.66 2014
82 Dominican Republic 8.53 2014
83 Japan 8.44 2015
84 Egypt 8.14 2014
85 Kazakhstan 7.86 2014
86 Luxembourg 7.51 2015
87 Indonesia 6.63 2014
88 Moldova 5.92 2014
89 United States 5.90 2015
90 Morocco 5.69 2014
91 Australia 5.54 2015
92 Azerbaijan 5.26 2014
93 Iran 5.05 2014
94 Ukraine 4.66 2014
95 Iraq 4.33 2014
96 Jamaica 3.30 2014
97 Thailand 3.19 2014
98 Mauritius 3.10 2014
99 Germany 2.94 2015
100 Ireland 2.84 2015
101 United Kingdom 1.89 2015
102 Poland 1.12 2015
103 Lebanon 1.08 2014
104 Bangladesh 1.05 2014
105 Czech Republic 0.96 2015
106 Hungary 0.78 2015
107 Cuba 0.54 2014
108 Belgium 0.44 2015
109 Korea 0.42 2015
110 Algeria 0.40 2014
111 South Africa 0.39 2014
112 Belarus 0.35 2014
113 Jordan 0.32 2014
114 Tunisia 0.29 2014
115 Estonia 0.26 2015
116 Netherlands 0.08 2015
117 Denmark 0.06 2015
118 Israel 0.02 2015
119 Bahrain 0.00 2014
119 Botswana 0.00 2014
119 Hong Kong SAR, China 0.00 2014
119 Turkmenistan 0.00 2014
119 Niger 0.00 2014
119 United Arab Emirates 0.00 2014
119 Cyprus 0.00 2014
119 Benin 0.00 2014
119 Eritrea 0.00 2014
119 Kuwait 0.00 2014
119 Saudi Arabia 0.00 2014
119 Qatar 0.00 2014
119 Singapore 0.00 2014
119 Trinidad and Tobago 0.00 2014
119 Libya 0.00 2014
119 Mongolia 0.00 2014
119 Malta 0.00 2014
119 Brunei 0.00 2014
119 Oman 0.00 2014
119 Yemen 0.00 2014

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Development Relevance: Electrical energy from hydropower is derived from turbines being driven by flowing water in rivers, with or without man-made dams forming reservoirs. Presently, hydropower is the world's largest source of renewable electricity. Hydropower represents the largest share of renewable electricity production. It was second only to wind power for new-built capacities between 2005 and 2010. IEA estimates that hydropower could produce up to 6,000 terawatt-hours in 2050, roughly twice as much as today. Hydropower's storage capacity and fast response characteristics are especially valuable to meet sudden fluctuations in electricity demand and to match supply from less flexible electricity sources and variable renewable sources, such as solar photovoltaic (PV) and wind power. Use of energy is important in improving people's standard of living. But electricity generation also can damage the environment. Whether such damage occurs depends largely on how electricity is generated. For example, burning coal releases twice as much carbon dioxide - a major contributor to global warming - as does burning an equivalent amount of natural gas. Anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions result primarily from fossil fuel combustion and cement manufacturing. In combustion different fossil fuels release different amounts of carbon dioxide for the same level of energy use: oil releases about 50 percent more carbon dioxide than natural gas, and coal releases about twice as much. Nuclear energy does not generate carbon dioxide emissions, but it produces other dangerous waste products.

Limitations and Exceptions: IEA occasionally revises its time series to reflect political changes. For example, the IEA has constructed historical energy statistics for countries of the former Soviet Union. In addition, energy statistics for other countries have undergone continuous changes in coverage or methodology in recent years as more detailed energy accounts have become available. Breaks in series are therefore unavoidable.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Electricity production is total number of kWh generated by power plants separated into electricity plants and CHP plants. The International Energy Agency (IEA) compiles data on energy inputs used to generate electricity. IEA data for countries that are not members of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) are based on national energy data adjusted to conform to annual questionnaires completed by OECD member governments. In addition, estimates are sometimes made to complete major aggregates from which key data are missing, and adjustments are made to compensate for differences in definitions. The IEA makes these estimates in consultation with national statistical offices, oil companies, electric utilities, and national energy experts.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: Electricity production shares may not sum to 100 percent because other sources of generated electricity (such as geothermal, solar, and wind) are not shown. Restricted use: Please contact the International Energy Agency for third-party use of these data.