Austria - Electricity production from hydroelectric sources (% of total)

Electricity production from hydroelectric sources (% of total) in Austria was 59.94 as of 2015. Its highest value over the past 55 years was 74.36 in 1988, while its lowest value was 54.99 in 2011.

Definition: Sources of electricity refer to the inputs used to generate electricity. Hydropower refers to electricity produced by hydroelectric power plants.

Source: IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/

See also:

Year Value
1960 73.56
1961 69.29
1962 67.10
1963 63.67
1964 63.89
1965 71.82
1966 72.43
1967 72.07
1968 70.32
1969 62.87
1970 70.22
1971 57.50
1972 57.99
1973 60.65
1974 66.42
1975 67.19
1976 57.47
1977 65.67
1978 65.03
1979 68.66
1980 69.05
1981 73.02
1982 73.15
1983 72.92
1984 69.29
1985 70.73
1986 70.76
1987 72.51
1988 74.36
1989 71.79
1990 63.92
1991 62.66
1992 69.78
1993 71.45
1994 68.52
1995 67.18
1996 63.87
1997 64.84
1998 66.47
1999 67.93
2000 69.87
2001 66.25
2002 66.27
2003 57.17
2004 59.34
2005 57.25
2006 57.71
2007 59.26
2008 59.43
2009 61.67
2010 56.47
2011 54.99
2012 63.75
2013 65.12
2014 66.57
2015 59.94

Development Relevance: Electrical energy from hydropower is derived from turbines being driven by flowing water in rivers, with or without man-made dams forming reservoirs. Presently, hydropower is the world's largest source of renewable electricity. Hydropower represents the largest share of renewable electricity production. It was second only to wind power for new-built capacities between 2005 and 2010. IEA estimates that hydropower could produce up to 6,000 terawatt-hours in 2050, roughly twice as much as today. Hydropower's storage capacity and fast response characteristics are especially valuable to meet sudden fluctuations in electricity demand and to match supply from less flexible electricity sources and variable renewable sources, such as solar photovoltaic (PV) and wind power. Use of energy is important in improving people's standard of living. But electricity generation also can damage the environment. Whether such damage occurs depends largely on how electricity is generated. For example, burning coal releases twice as much carbon dioxide - a major contributor to global warming - as does burning an equivalent amount of natural gas. Anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions result primarily from fossil fuel combustion and cement manufacturing. In combustion different fossil fuels release different amounts of carbon dioxide for the same level of energy use: oil releases about 50 percent more carbon dioxide than natural gas, and coal releases about twice as much. Nuclear energy does not generate carbon dioxide emissions, but it produces other dangerous waste products.

Limitations and Exceptions: IEA occasionally revises its time series to reflect political changes. For example, the IEA has constructed historical energy statistics for countries of the former Soviet Union. In addition, energy statistics for other countries have undergone continuous changes in coverage or methodology in recent years as more detailed energy accounts have become available. Breaks in series are therefore unavoidable.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Electricity production is total number of kWh generated by power plants separated into electricity plants and CHP plants. The International Energy Agency (IEA) compiles data on energy inputs used to generate electricity. IEA data for countries that are not members of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) are based on national energy data adjusted to conform to annual questionnaires completed by OECD member governments. In addition, estimates are sometimes made to complete major aggregates from which key data are missing, and adjustments are made to compensate for differences in definitions. The IEA makes these estimates in consultation with national statistical offices, oil companies, electric utilities, and national energy experts.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: Electricity production shares may not sum to 100 percent because other sources of generated electricity (such as geothermal, solar, and wind) are not shown. Restricted use: Please contact the International Energy Agency for third-party use of these data.

Classification

Topic: Environment Indicators

Sub-Topic: Energy production & use