Electricity production from hydroelectric sources (% of total) - Country Ranking - Asia

Definition: Sources of electricity refer to the inputs used to generate electricity. Hydropower refers to electricity produced by hydroelectric power plants.

Source: IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Nepal 99.79 2014
2 Tajikistan 97.13 2014
3 Kyrgyz Republic 91.26 2014
4 Georgia 80.37 2014
5 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 72.59 2014
6 Myanmar 62.36 2014
7 Cambodia 60.54 2014
8 Vietnam 41.55 2014
9 Sri Lanka 36.53 2014
10 Pakistan 29.84 2014
11 Turkey 25.76 2015
12 Armenia 25.70 2014
13 Uzbekistan 21.35 2014
14 China 18.55 2014
15 Russia 16.50 2014
16 Syrian Arab Republic 13.81 2014
17 Philippines 11.83 2014
18 India 10.23 2014
19 Malaysia 9.08 2014
20 Japan 8.44 2015
21 Kazakhstan 7.86 2014
22 Indonesia 6.63 2014
23 Azerbaijan 5.26 2014
24 Iran 5.05 2014
25 Iraq 4.33 2014
26 Thailand 3.19 2014
27 Lebanon 1.08 2014
28 Bangladesh 1.05 2014
29 Korea 0.42 2015
30 Jordan 0.32 2014
31 Israel 0.02 2015
32 Bahrain 0.00 2014
32 Brunei 0.00 2014
32 United Arab Emirates 0.00 2014
32 Hong Kong SAR, China 0.00 2014
32 Mongolia 0.00 2014
32 Turkmenistan 0.00 2014
32 Qatar 0.00 2014
32 Saudi Arabia 0.00 2014
32 Singapore 0.00 2014
32 Yemen 0.00 2014
32 Oman 0.00 2014
32 Kuwait 0.00 2014

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Development Relevance: Electrical energy from hydropower is derived from turbines being driven by flowing water in rivers, with or without man-made dams forming reservoirs. Presently, hydropower is the world's largest source of renewable electricity. Hydropower represents the largest share of renewable electricity production. It was second only to wind power for new-built capacities between 2005 and 2010. IEA estimates that hydropower could produce up to 6,000 terawatt-hours in 2050, roughly twice as much as today. Hydropower's storage capacity and fast response characteristics are especially valuable to meet sudden fluctuations in electricity demand and to match supply from less flexible electricity sources and variable renewable sources, such as solar photovoltaic (PV) and wind power. Use of energy is important in improving people's standard of living. But electricity generation also can damage the environment. Whether such damage occurs depends largely on how electricity is generated. For example, burning coal releases twice as much carbon dioxide - a major contributor to global warming - as does burning an equivalent amount of natural gas. Anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions result primarily from fossil fuel combustion and cement manufacturing. In combustion different fossil fuels release different amounts of carbon dioxide for the same level of energy use: oil releases about 50 percent more carbon dioxide than natural gas, and coal releases about twice as much. Nuclear energy does not generate carbon dioxide emissions, but it produces other dangerous waste products.

Limitations and Exceptions: IEA occasionally revises its time series to reflect political changes. For example, the IEA has constructed historical energy statistics for countries of the former Soviet Union. In addition, energy statistics for other countries have undergone continuous changes in coverage or methodology in recent years as more detailed energy accounts have become available. Breaks in series are therefore unavoidable.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Electricity production is total number of kWh generated by power plants separated into electricity plants and CHP plants. The International Energy Agency (IEA) compiles data on energy inputs used to generate electricity. IEA data for countries that are not members of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) are based on national energy data adjusted to conform to annual questionnaires completed by OECD member governments. In addition, estimates are sometimes made to complete major aggregates from which key data are missing, and adjustments are made to compensate for differences in definitions. The IEA makes these estimates in consultation with national statistical offices, oil companies, electric utilities, and national energy experts.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: Electricity production shares may not sum to 100 percent because other sources of generated electricity (such as geothermal, solar, and wind) are not shown. Restricted use: Please contact the International Energy Agency for third-party use of these data.