Peru - Electricity production from hydroelectric sources (% of total)

Electricity production from hydroelectric sources (% of total) in Peru was 48.76 as of 2014. Its highest value over the past 43 years was 84.73 in 2001, while its lowest value was 48.76 in 2014.

Definition: Sources of electricity refer to the inputs used to generate electricity. Hydropower refers to electricity produced by hydroelectric power plants.

Source: IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (, subject to

See also:

Year Value
1971 72.02
1972 70.53
1973 71.61
1974 71.69
1975 73.04
1976 73.18
1977 69.86
1978 70.65
1979 72.36
1980 69.88
1981 74.37
1982 74.01
1983 75.89
1984 73.99
1985 77.47
1986 77.70
1987 77.67
1988 76.91
1989 76.54
1990 75.82
1991 79.35
1992 73.84
1993 79.68
1994 80.34
1995 79.42
1996 77.14
1997 73.56
1998 74.31
1999 76.33
2000 81.19
2001 84.73
2002 82.06
2003 80.85
2004 72.25
2005 70.90
2006 72.02
2007 65.31
2008 58.71
2009 59.19
2010 55.84
2011 55.04
2012 53.51
2013 51.51
2014 48.76

Development Relevance: Electrical energy from hydropower is derived from turbines being driven by flowing water in rivers, with or without man-made dams forming reservoirs. Presently, hydropower is the world's largest source of renewable electricity. Hydropower represents the largest share of renewable electricity production. It was second only to wind power for new-built capacities between 2005 and 2010. IEA estimates that hydropower could produce up to 6,000 terawatt-hours in 2050, roughly twice as much as today. Hydropower's storage capacity and fast response characteristics are especially valuable to meet sudden fluctuations in electricity demand and to match supply from less flexible electricity sources and variable renewable sources, such as solar photovoltaic (PV) and wind power. Use of energy is important in improving people's standard of living. But electricity generation also can damage the environment. Whether such damage occurs depends largely on how electricity is generated. For example, burning coal releases twice as much carbon dioxide - a major contributor to global warming - as does burning an equivalent amount of natural gas. Anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions result primarily from fossil fuel combustion and cement manufacturing. In combustion different fossil fuels release different amounts of carbon dioxide for the same level of energy use: oil releases about 50 percent more carbon dioxide than natural gas, and coal releases about twice as much. Nuclear energy does not generate carbon dioxide emissions, but it produces other dangerous waste products.

Limitations and Exceptions: IEA occasionally revises its time series to reflect political changes. For example, the IEA has constructed historical energy statistics for countries of the former Soviet Union. In addition, energy statistics for other countries have undergone continuous changes in coverage or methodology in recent years as more detailed energy accounts have become available. Breaks in series are therefore unavoidable.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Electricity production is total number of kWh generated by power plants separated into electricity plants and CHP plants. The International Energy Agency (IEA) compiles data on energy inputs used to generate electricity. IEA data for countries that are not members of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) are based on national energy data adjusted to conform to annual questionnaires completed by OECD member governments. In addition, estimates are sometimes made to complete major aggregates from which key data are missing, and adjustments are made to compensate for differences in definitions. The IEA makes these estimates in consultation with national statistical offices, oil companies, electric utilities, and national energy experts.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: Electricity production shares may not sum to 100 percent because other sources of generated electricity (such as geothermal, solar, and wind) are not shown. Restricted use: Please contact the International Energy Agency for third-party use of these data.


Topic: Environment Indicators

Sub-Topic: Energy production & use