Expenditure on tertiary education (% of government expenditure on education) - Country Ranking

Definition: Expenditure on tertiary education is expressed as a percentage of total general government expenditure on education. General government usually refers to local, regional and central governments.

Source: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Libya 52.73 1999
2 Macao SAR, China 44.94 2013
3 Ethiopia 42.71 2013
4 Botswana 41.51 2009
5 Barbados 39.28 2014
6 Puerto Rico 38.58 2013
7 Lesotho 36.38 2008
8 Greece 36.10 2005
9 Canada 35.60 2011
10 Singapore 35.28 2013
11 Cuba 34.83 2010
12 Guinea 34.64 2013
13 Malaysia 34.01 2013
14 Austria 33.39 2012
15 Samoa 33.22 2001
16 Kuwait 32.60 2006
17 Seychelles 32.51 2011
18 India 32.17 2012
19 Brunei 31.92 2014
20 Eritrea 31.90 2004
21 Turkey 31.90 2006
22 Ukraine 31.87 2013
23 Chad 31.70 2013
24 Sierra Leone 30.73 2014
25 Equatorial Guinea 30.13 1998
26 Norway 29.89 2011
27 Hong Kong SAR, China 29.23 2014
28 Serbia 29.12 2012
29 Netherlands 28.79 2012
30 Lebanon 28.74 2013
31 Finland 28.56 2012
32 Lithuania 28.45 2011
33 Iran 28.31 2014
34 Tunisia 28.13 2012
35 Denmark 27.90 2011
36 Central African Republic 27.29 2011
37 Algeria 26.97 2008
38 Oman 26.88 2009
39 Uruguay 26.83 2011
40 Germany 26.78 2012
41 Ecuador 26.66 2012
42 Switzerland 26.31 2012
43 Bolivia 26.21 2014
44 Romania 26.16 2012
45 United States 26.11 2011
46 Nicaragua 26.05 2010
47 Zambia 25.75 2005
48 Chile 25.61 2013
49 New Zealand 25.33 2012
50 Sweden 25.28 2012
51 Senegal 24.57 2010
52 Burundi 24.23 2013
53 Syrian Arab Republic 24.22 2009
54 China 23.98 1999
55 Slovak Republic 23.98 2012
56 United Kingdom 23.96 2013
57 Australia 23.68 2012
58 Czech Republic 23.42 2012
59 Hungary 23.39 2011
60 Namibia 23.09 2010
61 Poland 22.82 2011
62 Zimbabwe 22.82 2010
63 Venezuela 22.60 2009
64 Fiji 22.56 2013
65 Paraguay 22.40 2012
66 France 22.34 2012
67 Pakistan 22.32 2014
68 Spain 22.31 2012
69 Panama 22.24 2011
70 Malta 22.17 2012
71 Croatia 22.16 2011
72 Belgium 22.00 2011
73 Dem. Rep. Congo 21.95 2013
74 Albania 21.93 2013
75 Estonia 21.82 2012
76 Burkina Faso 21.72 2013
77 Tonga 21.72 2004
78 Togo 21.69 2014
79 Mali 21.59 2014
80 Malawi 21.55 2014
81 Tanzania 21.40 2014
82 Ireland 21.39 2012
83 Slovenia 21.24 2012
84 Russia 21.15 2012
85 Côte d'Ivoire 21.00 2007
86 Latvia 20.72 2012
87 Palau 20.66 2001
88 Cyprus 20.45 2011
89 Benin 20.35 2014
90 Argentina 20.23 2013
91 Morocco 20.18 2009
92 Japan 20.00 2013
93 Ghana 19.85 2013
94 Timor-Leste 19.79 2011
95 Portugal 19.70 2011
96 Iceland 19.42 2011
97 Italy 19.36 2011
98 Georgia 19.17 2012
99 Costa Rica 18.78 2004
100 Sri Lanka 18.73 2012
101 Jordan 18.66 1999
102 Honduras 18.49 2013
103 Mexico 18.13 2011
104 Bulgaria 17.81 2012
105 Colombia 17.73 2013
106 Jamaica 17.49 2014
107 Moldova 17.19 2014
108 Saudi Arabia 16.94 1998
109 Belarus 16.89 2014
110 Vietnam 16.67 2012
111 Djibouti 16.50 2010
112 Indonesia 16.41 2013
113 Brazil 16.37 2012
114 Israel 16.22 2011
115 Cabo Verde 15.82 2013
116 Korea 15.61 2012
117 Kenya 15.42 2006
118 Madagascar 15.20 2012
119 Macedonia 15.01 2002
120 Azerbaijan 14.63 2011
121 Cambodia 14.54 2010
122 Dominican Republic 14.54 2007
123 Thailand 14.42 2012
124 Peru 14.22 2014
125 Kazakhstan 14.03 2014
126 Rwanda 14.02 2013
127 Niger 13.92 2014
128 Uganda 13.76 2013
129 Mozambique 13.69 2013
130 Armenia 13.62 2014
131 Belize 13.57 2013
132 Bangladesh 13.50 2009
133 St. Kitts and Nevis 13.49 1998
134 Swaziland 12.84 2011
135 Kyrgyz Republic 12.78 2013
136 Lao PDR 12.63 2002
137 Guatemala 12.30 2013
138 South Africa 12.19 2014
139 Philippines 11.96 2009
140 Mauritania 11.58 2013
141 Nepal 11.41 2014
142 Tajikistan 11.18 2012
143 Congo 10.87 2010
144 San Marino 10.76 2011
145 The Gambia 10.73 2013
146 Bhutan 10.33 2014
147 Cameroon 10.21 2013
148 Gabon 9.81 1998
149 Grenada 9.77 2003
150 São Tomé and Principe 9.60 2014
151 Turkmenistan 9.23 2012
152 Liechtenstein 9.09 2007
153 Angola 8.70 2006
154 El Salvador 8.39 2011
155 Comoros 8.20 2012
156 Antigua and Barbuda 7.35 2009
157 Mauritius 7.06 2014
158 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 7.01 2010
159 Andorra 6.08 2014
160 Vanuatu 5.86 2008
161 Guyana 5.06 2012
162 St. Lucia 5.01 2011
163 Monaco 4.37 2004
164 Guinea-Bissau 3.90 2013
165 Mongolia 3.83 2011
166 Liberia 3.56 2012
167 Cayman Islands 0.00 2005

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Development Relevance: The share of government expenditure for a specific education level allows an assessment of the priority a government assigns to a level of education relative to other levels. Enrolment and the relative costs per student between different levels of education should be also taken into account.

Limitations and Exceptions: Data disaggregated by level of education are estimates in some instances. It is often difficult to separate lower from upper secondary education expenditure, or pre-primary from primary.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The share of expenditure on tertiary education to total government expenditure on education is calculated by dividing government expenditure on tertiary education by total government expenditure on education (all levels combined), and multiplying by 100. Aggregate data are based on World Bank estimates. Data on education are collected by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics from official responses to its annual education survey. All the data are mapped to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) to ensure the comparability of education programs at the international level. The current version was formally adopted by UNESCO Member States in 2011. The reference years reflect the school year for which the data are presented. In some countries the school year spans two calendar years (for example, from September 2010 to June 2011); in these cases the reference year refers to the year in which the school year ended (2011 in the example).

Aggregation method: Median

Periodicity: Annual