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Slovakia Demographics Profile 2019

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Population
5,445,040 (July 2018 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 15.2% (male 424,921 /female 402,483)
15-24 years: 10.48% (male 293,573 /female 277,041)
25-54 years: 45.04% (male 1,239,670 /female 1,212,687)
55-64 years: 13.32% (male 345,114 /female 380,077)
65 years and over: 15.97% (male 339,350 /female 530,124) (2018 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 41.5 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 21.6 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 19.9 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 5 (2015 est.)
Median age
total: 41 years (2018 est.)
male: 39.3 years
female: 42.7 years
Population growth rate
-0.02% (2018 est.)
Birth rate
9.6 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Death rate
9.9 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Net migration rate
0.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 53.7% of total population (2019)
rate of urbanization: 0% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - population
433,000 BRATISLAVA (capital) (2019)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.91 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.64 male(s)/female
total population: 0.94 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
27.6 years (2014 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 5 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 5.7 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 4.4 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 77.4 years (2018 est.)
male: 73.9 years
female: 81.2 years
Total fertility rate
1.42 children born/woman (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
<.1% (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
1,200 (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
<100 (2018 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 99.4% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 98.2% of population (2015 est.)
total: 98.8% of population (2015 est.)
unimproved: urban: 0.6% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 1.8% of population (2015 est.)
total: 1.2% of population (2015 est.)
Nationality
noun: Slovak(s)
adjective: Slovak
Ethnic groups
Slovak 80.7%, Hungarian 8.5%, Romani 2%, other 1.8% (includes Czech, Ruthenian, Ukrainian, Russian, German, Polish), unspecified 7% (2011 est.)

note: data represent population by nationality; Romani populations are usually underestimated in official statistics and may represent 7–11% of Slovakia's population

Religions
Roman Catholic 62%, Protestant 8.2%, Greek Catholic 3.8%, other or unspecified 12.5%, none 13.4% (2011 est.)
Languages
Slovak (official) 78.6%, Hungarian 9.4%, Roma 2.3%, Ruthenian 1%, other or unspecified 8.8% (2011 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 15 years
male: 14 years
female: 16 years (2016)
Education expenditures
4.6% of GDP (2015)
Maternal mortality rate
5 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Health expenditures
6.9% (2015)
Physicians density
2.46 physicians/1,000 population (2016)
Hospital bed density
5.8 beds/1,000 population (2015)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
20.5% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on December 7, 2019

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