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Slovakia vs. Poland

Demographics

SlovakiaPoland
Population5,436,066 (July 2021 est.)38,185,913 (July 2021 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 15.13% (male 423,180/female 400,128)

15-24 years: 10.06% (male 280,284/female 266,838)

25-54 years: 44.61% (male 1,228,462/female 1,198,747)

55-64 years: 13.15% (male 342,124/female 373,452)

65 years and over: 17.05% (male 366,267/female 561,120) (2020 est.)
0-14 years: 14.83% (male 2,918,518/female 2,756,968)

15-24 years: 9.8% (male 1,928,637/female 1,823,894)

25-54 years: 43.33% (male 8,384,017/female 8,203,646)

55-64 years: 13.32% (male 2,424,638/female 2,675,351)

65 years and over: 18.72% (male 2,867,315/female 4,299,341) (2020 est.)
Median agetotal: 41.8 years

male: 40.1 years

female: 43.6 years (2020 est.)
total: 41.9 years

male: 40.3 years

female: 43.6 years (2020 est.)
Population growth rate-0.08% (2021 est.)-0.23% (2021 est.)
Birth rate9.1 births/1,000 population (2021 est.)8.69 births/1,000 population (2021 est.)
Death rate10.08 deaths/1,000 population (2021 est.)10.68 deaths/1,000 population (2021 est.)
Net migration rate0.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)-0.33 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.07 male(s)/female

0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female

15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female

25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female

55-64 years: 0.92 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.65 male(s)/female

total population: 0.94 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female

0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female

15-24 years: 1.06 male(s)/female

25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female

55-64 years: 0.91 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.67 male(s)/female

total population: 0.94 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 4.9 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 5.56 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 4.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2021 est.)
total: 4.22 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 4.64 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 3.78 deaths/1,000 live births (2021 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 78.07 years

male: 74.56 years

female: 81.82 years (2021 est.)
total population: 78.53 years

male: 74.76 years

female: 82.51 years (2021 est.)
Total fertility rate1.45 children born/woman (2021 est.)1.39 children born/woman (2021 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate<.1% (2018 est.)NA
Nationalitynoun: Slovak(s)

adjective: Slovak
noun: Pole(s)

adjective: Polish
Ethnic groupsSlovak 80.7%, Hungarian 8.5%, Romani 2%, other 1.8% (includes Czech, Ruthenian, Ukrainian, Russian, German, Polish), unspecified 7% (2011 est.)

note: data represent population by nationality; Romani populations are usually underestimated in official statistics and may represent 7–11% of Slovakia's population
Polish 96.9%, Silesian 1.1%, German 0.2%, Ukrainian 0.1%, other and unspecified 1.7% (2011 est.)

note: represents ethnicity declared first
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS1,200 (2018 est.)NA
ReligionsRoman Catholic 62%, Protestant 8.2%, Greek Catholic 3.8%, other or unspecified 12.5%, none 13.4% (2011 est.)Catholic 85.9% (includes Roman Catholic 85.6% and Greek Catholic, Armenian Catholic, and Byzantine-Slavic Catholic .3%), Orthodox 1.3% (almost all are Polish Autocephalous Orthodox), Protestant 0.4% (mainly Augsburg Evangelical and Pentacostal), other 0.4% (includes Jehovah's Witness, Buddhist, Hare Krishna, Gaudiya Vaishnavism, Muslim, Jewish, Mormon), unspecified 12.1% (2017 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths<100 (2018 est.)NA
LanguagesSlovak (official) 78.6%, Hungarian 9.4%, Roma 2.3%, Ruthenian 1%, other or unspecified 8.8% (2011 est.)

major-language sample(s):
Svetova Kniha Faktov, nenahraditelny zdroj zakladnej informacie. (Slovak)

The World Factbook, the indispensable source for basic information.
Polish (official) 98.2%, Silesian 1.4%, other 1.1%, unspecified 1.3%; note - data represent the language spoken at home; shares sum to more than 100% because some respondents gave more than one answer on the census; Poland ratified the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages in 2009 recognizing Kashub as a regional language, Czech, Hebrew, Yiddish, Belarusian, Lithuanian, German, Armenian, Russian, Slovak, and Ukrainian as national minority languages, and Karaim, Lemko, Romani (Polska Roma and Bergitka Roma), and Tatar as ethnic minority languages (2011 est.)

major-language sample(s):
Ksiega Faktów Swiata, niezbedne zródlo podstawowych informacji. (Polish)

The World Factbook, the indispensable source for basic information.
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 15 years

male: 14 years

female: 15 years (2018)
total: 16 years

male: 15 years

female: 17 years (2018)
Education expenditures3.9% of GDP (2017)4.6% of GDP (2017)
Urbanizationurban population: 53.8% of total population (2021)

rate of urbanization: 0.17% annual rate of change (2020-25 est.)
urban population: 60.1% of total population (2021)

rate of urbanization: -0.16% annual rate of change (2020-25 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 100% of population

rural: 100% of population

total: 100% of population

unimproved: urban: 0% of population

rural: 0% of population

total: 0% of population (2017 est.)
improved: urban: 100% of population

rural: 100% of population

total: 100% of population

unimproved: urban: 0% of population

rural: 0% of population

total: 0% of population (2017 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 99.9% of population

rural: 100% of population

total: 100% of population

unimproved: urban: 0.1% of population

rural: 0% of population

total: 0% of population (2017 est.)
improved: urban: 99.7% of population

rural: 100% of population

total: 99.8% of population

unimproved: urban: 0.3% of population

rural: 0% of population

total: 0.2% of population (2017 est.)
Major cities - population437,000 BRATISLAVA (capital) (2021)1.790 million WARSAW (capital), 769,000 Krakow (2021)
Maternal mortality rate5 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)2 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Health expenditures6.7% (2018)6.3% (2018)
Physicians density3.42 physicians/1,000 population (2017)2.38 physicians/1,000 population (2017)
Hospital bed density5.8 beds/1,000 population (2017)6.6 beds/1,000 population (2017)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate20.5% (2016)23.1% (2016)
Mother's mean age at first birth27.2 years (2019 est.)27.6 years (2019 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 47.6

youth dependency ratio: 23

elderly dependency ratio: 24.6

potential support ratio: 4.1 (2020 est.)
total dependency ratio: 51.4

youth dependency ratio: 23

elderly dependency ratio: 28.4

potential support ratio: 3.5 (2020 est.)

Source: CIA Factbook