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Slovakia vs. Austria

Demographics

SlovakiaAustria
Population5,436,066 (July 2021 est.)8,884,864 (July 2021 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 15.13% (male 423,180/female 400,128)

15-24 years: 10.06% (male 280,284/female 266,838)

25-54 years: 44.61% (male 1,228,462/female 1,198,747)

55-64 years: 13.15% (male 342,124/female 373,452)

65 years and over: 17.05% (male 366,267/female 561,120) (2020 est.)
0-14 years: 14.01% (male 635,803/female 605,065)

15-24 years: 10.36% (male 466,921/female 451,248)

25-54 years: 41.35% (male 1,831,704/female 1,831,669)

55-64 years: 14.41% (male 635,342/female 641,389)

65 years and over: 19.87% (male 768,687/female 991,621) (2020 est.)
Median agetotal: 41.8 years

male: 40.1 years

female: 43.6 years (2020 est.)
total: 44.5 years

male: 43.1 years

female: 45.8 years (2020 est.)
Population growth rate-0.08% (2021 est.)0.32% (2021 est.)
Birth rate9.1 births/1,000 population (2021 est.)9.48 births/1,000 population (2021 est.)
Death rate10.08 deaths/1,000 population (2021 est.)9.85 deaths/1,000 population (2021 est.)
Net migration rate0.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)3.57 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.07 male(s)/female

0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female

15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female

25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female

55-64 years: 0.92 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.65 male(s)/female

total population: 0.94 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female

0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female

15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female

25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female

55-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.78 male(s)/female

total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 4.9 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 5.56 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 4.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2021 est.)
total: 3.29 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 3.7 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 2.86 deaths/1,000 live births (2021 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 78.07 years

male: 74.56 years

female: 81.82 years (2021 est.)
total population: 82.07 years

male: 79.42 years

female: 84.85 years (2021 est.)
Total fertility rate1.45 children born/woman (2021 est.)1.5 children born/woman (2021 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate<.1% (2018 est.)0.1% (2017 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Slovak(s)

adjective: Slovak
noun: Austrian(s)

adjective: Austrian
Ethnic groupsSlovak 80.7%, Hungarian 8.5%, Romani 2%, other 1.8% (includes Czech, Ruthenian, Ukrainian, Russian, German, Polish), unspecified 7% (2011 est.)

note: data represent population by nationality; Romani populations are usually underestimated in official statistics and may represent 7–11% of Slovakia's population
Austrian 80.8%, German 2.6%,  Bosnian and Herzegovinian 1.9%, Turkish 1.8%, Serbian 1.6%, Romanian 1.3%, other 10% (2018 est.)

note: data represent population by country of birth
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS1,200 (2018 est.)7,400 (2017 est.)
ReligionsRoman Catholic 62%, Protestant 8.2%, Greek Catholic 3.8%, other or unspecified 12.5%, none 13.4% (2011 est.)Catholic 57%, Eastern Orthodox 8.7%, Muslim 7.9%, Evangelical Christian 3.3%, other/none/unspecified 23.1% (2018 est.)

note:  data on Muslim is a 2016 estimate; data on other/none/unspecified are from 2012-2018 estimates
HIV/AIDS - deaths<100 (2018 est.)<100 (2017 est.)
LanguagesSlovak (official) 78.6%, Hungarian 9.4%, Roma 2.3%, Ruthenian 1%, other or unspecified 8.8% (2011 est.)

major-language sample(s):
Svetova Kniha Faktov, nenahraditelny zdroj zakladnej informacie. (Slovak)

The World Factbook, the indispensable source for basic information.
German (official nationwide) 88.6%, Turkish 2.3%, Serbian 2.2%, Croatian (official in Burgenland) 1.6%, other (includes Slovene, official in southern Carinthia, and Hungarian, official in Burgenland) 5.3% (2001 est.)

major-language sample(s):
Das World Factbook, die unverzichtbare Quelle für grundlegende Informationen. (German)

The World Factbook, the indispensable source for basic information.
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 15 years

male: 14 years

female: 15 years (2018)
total: 16 years

male: 16 years

female: 16 years (2018)
Education expenditures3.9% of GDP (2017)5.4% of GDP (2017)
Urbanizationurban population: 53.8% of total population (2021)

rate of urbanization: 0.17% annual rate of change (2020-25 est.)
urban population: 59% of total population (2021)

rate of urbanization: 0.68% annual rate of change (2020-25 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 100% of population

rural: 100% of population

total: 100% of population

unimproved: urban: 0% of population

rural: 0% of population

total: 0% of population (2017 est.)
improved: urban: 100% of population

rural: 100% of population

total: 100% of population

unimproved: urban: 0% of population

rural: 0% of population

total: 0% of population (2017 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 99.9% of population

rural: 100% of population

total: 100% of population

unimproved: urban: 0.1% of population

rural: 0% of population

total: 0% of population (2017 est.)
improved: urban: 100% of population

rural: 100% of population

total: 100% of population

unimproved: urban: 0% of population

rural: 0% of population

total: 0% of population (2017 est.)
Major cities - population437,000 BRATISLAVA (capital) (2021)1.945 million VIENNA (capital) (2021)
Maternal mortality rate5 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)5 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Health expenditures6.7% (2018)10.3% (2018)
Physicians density3.42 physicians/1,000 population (2017)5.17 physicians/1,000 population (2017)
Hospital bed density5.8 beds/1,000 population (2017)7.4 beds/1,000 population (2017)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate20.5% (2016)20.1% (2016)
Mother's mean age at first birth27.2 years (2019 est.)29.7 years (2019 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 47.6

youth dependency ratio: 23

elderly dependency ratio: 24.6

potential support ratio: 4.1 (2020 est.)
total dependency ratio: 50.6

youth dependency ratio: 21.7

elderly dependency ratio: 28.9

potential support ratio: 3.5 (2020 est.)

Source: CIA Factbook