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Slovakia vs. Hungary

Demographics

SlovakiaHungary
Population5,436,066 (July 2021 est.)9,728,337 (July 2021 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 15.13% (male 423,180/female 400,128)

15-24 years: 10.06% (male 280,284/female 266,838)

25-54 years: 44.61% (male 1,228,462/female 1,198,747)

55-64 years: 13.15% (male 342,124/female 373,452)

65 years and over: 17.05% (male 366,267/female 561,120) (2020 est.)
0-14 years: 14.54% (male 731,542/female 689,739)

15-24 years: 10.43% (male 526,933/female 492,388)

25-54 years: 42.17% (male 2,075,763/female 2,044,664)

55-64 years: 12.17% (male 552,876/female 636,107)

65 years and over: 20.69% (male 773,157/female 1,248,658) (2020 est.)
Median agetotal: 41.8 years

male: 40.1 years

female: 43.6 years (2020 est.)
total: 43.6 years

male: 41.5 years

female: 45.5 years (2020 est.)
Population growth rate-0.08% (2021 est.)-0.29% (2021 est.)
Birth rate9.1 births/1,000 population (2021 est.)8.72 births/1,000 population (2021 est.)
Death rate10.08 deaths/1,000 population (2021 est.)12.88 deaths/1,000 population (2021 est.)
Net migration rate0.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)1.24 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2021 est.)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.07 male(s)/female

0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female

15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female

25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female

55-64 years: 0.92 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.65 male(s)/female

total population: 0.94 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female

0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female

15-24 years: 1.07 male(s)/female

25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female

55-64 years: 0.87 male(s)/female

65 years and over: 0.62 male(s)/female

total population: 0.91 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 4.9 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 5.56 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 4.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2021 est.)
total: 4.69 deaths/1,000 live births

male: 5.02 deaths/1,000 live births

female: 4.34 deaths/1,000 live births (2021 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 78.07 years

male: 74.56 years

female: 81.82 years (2021 est.)
total population: 76.95 years

male: 73.27 years

female: 80.83 years (2021 est.)
Total fertility rate1.45 children born/woman (2021 est.)1.48 children born/woman (2021 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate<.1% (2018 est.)<.1% (2018 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Slovak(s)

adjective: Slovak
noun: Hungarian(s)

adjective: Hungarian
Ethnic groupsSlovak 80.7%, Hungarian 8.5%, Romani 2%, other 1.8% (includes Czech, Ruthenian, Ukrainian, Russian, German, Polish), unspecified 7% (2011 est.)

note: data represent population by nationality; Romani populations are usually underestimated in official statistics and may represent 7–11% of Slovakia's population
Hungarian 85.6%, Romani 3.2%, German 1.9%, other 2.6%, unspecified 14.1% (2011 est.)

note: percentages add up to more than 100% because respondents were able to identify more than one ethnic group; Romani populations are usually underestimated in official statistics and may represent 5–10% of Hungary's population
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS1,200 (2018 est.)3,700 (2018 est.)
ReligionsRoman Catholic 62%, Protestant 8.2%, Greek Catholic 3.8%, other or unspecified 12.5%, none 13.4% (2011 est.)Roman Catholic 37.2%, Calvinist 11.6%, Lutheran 2.2%, Greek Catholic 1.8%, other 1.9%, none 18.2%, no response 27.2% (2011 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths<100 (2018 est.)<100 (2018 est.)
LanguagesSlovak (official) 78.6%, Hungarian 9.4%, Roma 2.3%, Ruthenian 1%, other or unspecified 8.8% (2011 est.)

major-language sample(s):
Svetova Kniha Faktov, nenahraditelny zdroj zakladnej informacie. (Slovak)

The World Factbook, the indispensable source for basic information.
Hungarian (official) 99.6%, English 16%, German 11.2%, Russian 1.6%, Romanian 1.3%, French 1.2%, other 4.2%; note - shares sum to more than 100% because some respondents gave more than one answer on the census; Hungarian is the mother tongue of 98.9% of Hungarian speakers (2011 est.)

major-language sample(s):
A World Factbook nélkülözhetetlen forrása az alapveto információnak.  (Hungarian)

The World Factbook, the indispensable source for basic information.
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 15 years

male: 14 years

female: 15 years (2018)
total: 15 years

male: 15 years

female: 15 years (2018)
Education expenditures3.9% of GDP (2017)4.7% of GDP (2017)
Urbanizationurban population: 53.8% of total population (2021)

rate of urbanization: 0.17% annual rate of change (2020-25 est.)
urban population: 72.2% of total population (2021)

rate of urbanization: 0.05% annual rate of change (2020-25 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved: urban: 100% of population

rural: 100% of population

total: 100% of population

unimproved: urban: 0% of population

rural: 0% of population

total: 0% of population (2017 est.)
improved: urban: 100% of population

rural: 100% of population

total: 100% of population

unimproved: urban: 0% of population

rural: 0% of population

total: 0% of population (2017 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved: urban: 99.9% of population

rural: 100% of population

total: 100% of population

unimproved: urban: 0.1% of population

rural: 0% of population

total: 0% of population (2017 est.)
improved: urban: 100% of population

rural: 100% of population

total: 100% of population

unimproved: urban: 0% of population

rural: 0% of population

total: 0% of population (2017 est.)
Major cities - population437,000 BRATISLAVA (capital) (2021)1.772 million BUDAPEST (capital) (2021)
Maternal mortality rate5 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)12 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Health expenditures6.7% (2018)6.7% (2018)
Physicians density3.42 physicians/1,000 population (2017)3.41 physicians/1,000 population (2018)
Hospital bed density5.8 beds/1,000 population (2017)7 beds/1,000 population (2017)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate20.5% (2016)26.4% (2016)
Mother's mean age at first birth27.2 years (2019 est.)28.3 years (2019 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 47.6

youth dependency ratio: 23

elderly dependency ratio: 24.6

potential support ratio: 4.1 (2020 est.)
total dependency ratio: 46.9

youth dependency ratio: 22

elderly dependency ratio: 30.8

potential support ratio: 3.2 (2020 est.)

Source: CIA Factbook