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Romania

România  (Romanian)
Anthem: "Deșteaptă-te, române!"
(English: "Awaken thee, Romanian!")
EU-Romania (orthographic projection).svg
EU-Romania.svg
Location of Romania (dark green)

– in Europe (green & dark grey)
– in the European Union (green)  –  [Legend]

Capital
and largest city
Bucharest
44°25′N26°06′E / 44.417°N 26.100°E / 44.417; 26.100
Official languagesRomanian[1]
Recognised minority
languages[2]
Ethnic groups
(2011)[3]
Religion
(2011)[4]
Demonym(s)Romanian
GovernmentUnitarysemi-presidentialrepublic
Klaus Iohannis
Ludovic Orban
LegislatureParliament
Senate
Chamber of Deputies
Establishment history
• First Romanian polities
c. 895 / 1247a
1330
c. 1360
1570
1600
24 January 1859
9 May 1877/1878c
14 March 1881
1918 / 1920e
29 December 1989
Area
• Total
238,397 km2 (92,046 sq mi) (81st)
• Water (%)
3
Population
• 01.01.2020 estimate
Decrease 19,317,984[5] (61st)
• 2011 census
20,121,641[3]
• Density
84.4/km2 (218.6/sq mi) (117th)
GDP (PPP)2020 estimate
• Total
Increase $525.051 billion[6] (40th)
• Per capita
Increase $29,555[6] (54th)
GDP (nominal)2020 estimate
• Total
Increase $261.868 billion[6] (45th)
• Per capita
Increase $13,414[6] (57th)
Gini (2019)Positive decrease 34.8[7]
medium
HDI (2018)Increase 0.816[8]
very high · 52nd
CurrencyRomanian leu (RON)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+3 (EEST)
Date formatdd.mm.yyyy (AD)
Driving sideright
Calling code+40
ISO 3166 codeRO
Internet TLD.rof
  1. A Vlach duke ruling Transylvania around 895, Gelou, is mentioned alongside Glad and Menumorut in the late 12th century Gesta Hungarorum (the reliability of which is debated); a 1247 royal charter, known as the Diploma of the Joannites, mentions four Romanian keneziates (or polities) in Muntenia and Oltenia.
  2. The double election of Alexandru Ioan Cuza in Moldavia and Wallachia (respectively, 5 and 24 January 1859).
  3. Independence proclaimed on 9 May 1877, internationally recognised in 1878.
  4. Romania in the interwar period, following the proclamation of the union in 1918 including Bessarabia, Bukovina, Transylvania, parts of Banat, Crișana and Maramureș, established after the Paris Peace Conference closing World War I in 1920.
  5. Monarchy was abolished on 30 December 1947 upon the proclamation of the People's Republic and was changed with the new constitution upon its adoption on 21 August 1965 as the Socialist Republic. The Communist regime fell on 22 December 1989, the new democratic government was installed on 20 May 1990 and the new post-communist constitution was adopted on 21 November 1991. Romania joined the European Union on 1 January 2007.
  6. Also .eu, shared with other European Union member states.

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on November 27, 2020


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