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Romania Demographics Profile

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Population
21,302,893 (July 2020 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 14.12% (male 1,545,196/female 1,463,700)
15-24 years: 10.31% (male 1,126,997/female 1,068,817)
25-54 years: 46.26% (male 4,993,886/female 4,860,408)
55-64 years: 11.73% (male 1,176,814/female 1,322,048)
65 years and over: 17.58% (male 1,516,472/female 2,228,555) (2020 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 53.3
youth dependency ratio: 23.8
elderly dependency ratio: 29.5
potential support ratio: 3.4 (2020 est.)
Median age
total: 42.5 years
male: 41 years
female: 44 years (2020 est.)
Population growth rate
-0.37% (2020 est.)
Birth rate
8.5 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Death rate
12 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Net migration rate
-0.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 54.2% of total population (2020)
rate of urbanization: -0.38% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - population
1.803 million BUCHAREST (capital) (2020)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.89 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.68 male(s)/female
total population: 94.7 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
27.1 years (2017 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 8.7 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 9.9 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 7.4 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 76 years
male: 72.6 years
female: 79.7 years (2020 est.)
Total fertility rate
1.38 children born/woman (2020 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
0.1% (2019 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
190,000 (2019 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
<500 (2019 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2017 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 95.3% of population
rural: 71.5% of population
total: 84.3% of population
unimproved: urban: 4.7% of population
rural: 28.5% of population
total: 15.7% of population (2017 est.)
Nationality
noun: Romanian(s)
adjective: Romanian
Ethnic groups
Romanian 83.4%, Hungarian 6.1%, Romani 3.1%, Ukrainian 0.3%, German 0.2%, other 0.7%, unspecified 6.1% (2011 est.)

note: Romani populations are usually underestimated in official statistics and may represent 5–11% of Romania's population

Religions
Eastern Orthodox (including all sub-denominations) 81.9%, Protestant (various denominations including Reformed and Pentecostal) 6.4%, Roman Catholic 4.3%, other (includes Muslim) 0.9%, none or atheist 0.2%, unspecified 6.3% (2011 est.)
Languages
Romanian (official) 85.4%, Hungarian 6.3%, Romani 1.2%, other 1%, unspecified 6.1% (2011 est.)
Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.8%
male: 99.1%
female: 98.6% (2018)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 14 years
male: 14 years
female: 15 years (2018)
Education expenditures
3.1% of GDP (2015)
Maternal mortality rate
19 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Health expenditures
5.2% (2017)
Physicians density
2.98 physicians/1,000 population (2017)
Hospital bed density
6.9 beds/1,000 population (2017)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
22.5% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on Friday, November 27, 2020

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