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Romania Demographics Profile 2018

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Population21,529,967 (July 2017 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 14.35% (male 1,586,976/female 1,502,864)
15-24 years: 10.6% (male 1,170,679/female 1,110,727)
25-54 years: 46.03% (male 5,016,529/female 4,893,792)
55-64 years: 12.61% (male 1,271,281/female 1,443,414)
65 years and over: 16.41% (male 1,428,599/female 2,105,106) (2017 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 48
youth dependency ratio: 22.8
elderly dependency ratio: 25.2
potential support ratio: 4 (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 41.1 years
male: 39.7 years
female: 42.6 years (2017 est.)
Population growth rate-0.33% (2017 est.)
Birth rate8.9 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Death rate12 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Net migration rate-0.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 54.9% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 0.05% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - populationBUCHAREST (capital) 1.868 million (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.88 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.68 male(s)/female
total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth26.7 years (2014 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 9.4 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 10.7 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 8 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 75.4 years
male: 71.9 years
female: 79 years (2017 est.)
Total fertility rate1.35 children born/woman (2017 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.1% (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS16,000 (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths<200 (2016 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 92.2% of population
rural: 63.3% of population
total: 79.1% of population
unimproved:
urban: 7.8% of population
rural: 36.7% of population
total: 20.9% of population (2015 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Romanian(s)
adjective: Romanian
Ethnic groupsRomanian 83.4%, Hungarian 6.1%, Romani 3.1%, Ukrainian 0.3%, German 0.2%, other 0.7%, unspecified 6.1% (2011 est.)
note: Romani populations are usually underestimated in official statistics and may represent 5–11% of Romania's population
ReligionsEastern Orthodox (including all sub-denominations) 81.9%, Protestant (various denominations including Reformed and Pentecostal) 6.4%, Roman Catholic 4.3%, other (includes Muslim) 0.9%, none or atheist 0.2%, unspecified 6.3% (2011 est.)
LanguagesRomanian (official) 85.4%, Hungarian 6.3%, Romani 1.2%, other 1%, unspecified 6.1% (2011 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.8%
male: 99.1%
female: 98.5% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 15 years
male: 15 years
female: 15 years (2015)
Education expenditures2.9% of GDP (2012)
Maternal mortality rate31 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Health expenditures5.6% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density2.67 physicians/1,000 population (2013)
Hospital bed density6.1 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate22.5% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

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