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Romania Demographics Profile 2019

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Population
21,457,116 (July 2018 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 14.31% (male 1,576,621 /female 1,493,082)
15-24 years: 10.45% (male 1,151,312 /female 1,091,956)
25-54 years: 46.11% (male 5,010,272 /female 4,883,090)
55-64 years: 12.37% (male 1,244,669 /female 1,409,854)
65 years and over: 16.76% (male 1,454,320 /female 2,141,940) (2018 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 48 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 22.8 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 25.2 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 4 (2015 est.)
Median age
total: 41.6 years (2018 est.)
male: 40.2 years
female: 43 years
Population growth rate
-0.35% (2018 est.)
Birth rate
8.7 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Death rate
12 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Net migration rate
-0.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 54.1% of total population (2019)
rate of urbanization: -0.38% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - population
1.812 million BUCHAREST (capital) (2019)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.88 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.68 male(s)/female
total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
26.7 years (2014 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 9.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 10.4 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 7.8 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 75.6 years (2018 est.)
male: 72.1 years
female: 79.2 years
Total fertility rate
1.36 children born/woman (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
0.1% (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
18,000 (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
<200 (2018 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 92.2% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 63.3% of population (2015 est.)
total: 79.1% of population (2015 est.)
unimproved: urban: 7.8% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 36.7% of population (2015 est.)
total: 20.9% of population (2015 est.)
Nationality
noun: Romanian(s)
adjective: Romanian
Ethnic groups
Romanian 83.4%, Hungarian 6.1%, Romani 3.1%, Ukrainian 0.3%, German 0.2%, other 0.7%, unspecified 6.1% (2011 est.)

note: Romani populations are usually underestimated in official statistics and may represent 5–11% of Romania's population

Religions
Eastern Orthodox (including all sub-denominations) 81.9%, Protestant (various denominations including Reformed and Pentecostal) 6.4%, Roman Catholic 4.3%, other (includes Muslim) 0.9%, none or atheist 0.2%, unspecified 6.3% (2011 est.)
Languages
Romanian (official) 85.4%, Hungarian 6.3%, Romani 1.2%, other 1%, unspecified 6.1% (2011 est.)
Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.8%
male: 99.1%
female: 98.5% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 14 years
male: 14 years
female: 15 years (2016)
Education expenditures
3.1% of GDP (2015)
Maternal mortality rate
19 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Health expenditures
5% (2015)
Physicians density
2.26 physicians/1,000 population (2016)
Hospital bed density
6.3 beds/1,000 population (2013)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
22.5% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on December 7, 2019

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