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Congo, Republic of the Demographics Profile

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Population
5,293,070 (July 2020 est.)

note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected

Age structure
0-14 years: 41.57% (male 1,110,484/female 1,089,732)
15-24 years: 17.14% (male 454,981/female 452,204)
25-54 years: 33.5% (male 886,743/female 886,312)
55-64 years: 4.59% (male 125,207/female 117,810)
65 years and over: 3.2% (male 75,921/female 93,676) (2020 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 78.7
youth dependency ratio: 73.7
elderly dependency ratio: 4.9
potential support ratio: 20.3 (2020 est.)
Median age
total: 19.5 years
male: 19.3 years
female: 19.7 years (2020 est.)
Population growth rate
2.26% (2020 est.)
Birth rate
32.6 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Death rate
8.7 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Net migration rate
-0.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 67.8% of total population (2020)
rate of urbanization: 3.28% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - population
2.388 million BRAZZAVILLE (capital), 1.214 million Pointe-Noire (2020)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.81 male(s)/female
total population: 100.5 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
19.8 years (2011/12 est.)

note: median age at first birth among women 25-29

Infant mortality rate
total: 50.7 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 55.3 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 45.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 61.3 years
male: 59.9 years
female: 62.7 years (2020 est.)
Total fertility rate
4.45 children born/woman (2020 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
30.1% (2014/15)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
3.1% (2019 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
100,000 (2019 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
4,500 (2019 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 97.5% of population
rural: 56.4% of population
total: 83.7% of population
unimproved: urban: 2.5% of population
rural: 43.6% of population
total: 16.3% of population (2017 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 73.4% of population
rural: 15.1% of population
total: 53.9% of population
unimproved: urban: 26.6% of population
rural: 84.9% of population
total: 46.1% of population (2017 est.)
Major infectious diseases
degree of risk: very high (2020)
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever
water contact diseases: schistosomiasis
animal contact diseases: rabies
Nationality
noun: Congolese (singular and plural)
adjective: Congolese or Congo
Ethnic groups
Kongo 40.5%, Teke 16.9%, Mbochi 13.1%, foreigner 8.2%, Sangha 5.6%, Mbere/Mbeti/Kele 4.4%, Punu 4.3%, Pygmy 1.6%, Oubanguiens 1.6%, Duma 1.5%, Makaa 1.3%, other and unspecified 1% (2014-15 est.)
Religions
Roman Catholic 33.1%, Awakening Churches/Christian Revival 22.3%, Protestant 19.9%, Salutiste 2.2%, Muslim 1.6%, Kimbanguiste 1.5%, other 8.1%, none 11.3% (2010 est.)
Languages
French (official), French Lingala and Monokutuba (lingua franca trade languages), many local languages and dialects (of which Kikongo is the most widespread)
Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 80.3%
male: 86.1%
female: 74.6% (2018)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 11 years
male: 11 years
female: 11 years (2012)
Education expenditures
4.6% of GDP (2015)
Maternal mortality rate
378 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight
12.3% (2015)
Health expenditures
2.9% (2017)
Physicians density
0.16 physicians/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
9.6% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on Friday, November 27, 2020