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Congo, Republic of the Demographics Profile 2018

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Population4,954,674
note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2017 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 41.67% (male 1,041,761/female 1,022,763)
15-24 years: 17.1% (male 424,521/female 422,755)
25-54 years: 33.89% (male 843,856/female 835,041)
55-64 years: 4.29% (male 106,776/female 105,573)
65 years and over: 3.06% (male 66,962/female 84,666) (2017 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 84.5
youth dependency ratio: 78.3
elderly dependency ratio: 6.2
potential support ratio: 16.1 (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 19.7 years
male: 19.5 years
female: 19.8 years (2017 est.)
Population growth rate2.11% (2017 est.)
Birth rate34.4 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Death rate9.5 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Net migration rate-3.8 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 66.2% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 3.02% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - populationBRAZZAVILLE (capital) 1.888 million; Pointe-Noire 969,000 (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.78 male(s)/female
total population: 1.01 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth19.8 years
note: median age at first birth among women 25-29 (2011/12 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 54.9 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 59.8 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 49.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 59.8 years
male: 58.6 years
female: 61.1 years (2017 est.)
Total fertility rate4.59 children born/woman (2017 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate30.1% (2014/15)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate3.1% (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS91,000 (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths3,800 (2016 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 95.8% of population
rural: 40% of population
total: 76.5% of population
unimproved:
urban: 4.2% of population
rural: 60% of population
total: 23.5% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 20% of population
rural: 5.6% of population
total: 15% of population
unimproved:
urban: 80% of population
rural: 94.4% of population
total: 85% of population (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: very high
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne disease: malaria and dengue fever
animal contact disease: rabies
water contact disease: schistosomiasis (2016)
Nationalitynoun: Congolese (singular and plural)
adjective: Congolese or Congo
Ethnic groupsKongo 48%, Sangha 20%, M'Bochi 12%, Teke 17%, Europeans and other 3%
ReligionsRoman Catholic 33.1%, Awakening Churches/Christian Revival 22.3%, Protestant 19.9%, Salutiste 2.2%, Muslim 1.6%, Kimbanguiste 1.5%, other 8.1%, none 11.3% (2010 est.)
LanguagesFrench (official), Lingala and Monokutuba (lingua franca trade languages), many local languages and dialects (of which Kikongo is the most widespread)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 79.3%
male: 86.4%
female: 72.9% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 11 years
male: 11 years
female: 11 years (2012)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 252,171
percentage: 25% (2005 est.)
Education expenditures6.2% of GDP (2010)
Maternal mortality rate442 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight12.3% (2015)
Health expenditures5.2% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density0.11 physicians/1,000 population (2007)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate9.6% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

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