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Republic of the Congo vs. Angola

Demographics

Republic of the CongoAngola
Population
5,293,070 (July 2020 est.)

note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected

32,522,339 (July 2020 est.)

note: Angola's national statistical agency projects the country's 2017 population to be 28.4 million

Age structure
0-14 years: 41.57% (male 1,110,484/female 1,089,732)
15-24 years: 17.14% (male 454,981/female 452,204)
25-54 years: 33.5% (male 886,743/female 886,312)
55-64 years: 4.59% (male 125,207/female 117,810)
65 years and over: 3.2% (male 75,921/female 93,676) (2020 est.)
0-14 years: 47.83% (male 7,758,636/female 7,797,869)
15-24 years: 18.64% (male 2,950,999/female 3,109,741)
25-54 years: 27.8% (male 4,301,618/female 4,740,463)
55-64 years: 3.43% (male 523,517/female 591,249)
65 years and over: 2.3% (male 312,197/female 436,050) (2020 est.)
Median age
total: 19.5 years
male: 19.3 years
female: 19.7 years (2020 est.)
total: 15.9 years
male: 15.4 years
female: 16.4 years (2020 est.)
Population growth rate
2.26% (2020 est.)
3.43% (2020 est.)
Birth rate
32.6 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
42.7 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Death rate
8.7 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
8.5 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Net migration rate
-0.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
-0.2 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.81 male(s)/female
total population: 100.5 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.91 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.89 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.72 male(s)/female
total population: 95 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 50.7 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 55.3 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 45.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
total: 62.3 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 67.8 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 56.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 61.3 years
male: 59.9 years
female: 62.7 years (2020 est.)
total population: 61.3 years
male: 59.3 years
female: 63.4 years (2020 est.)
Total fertility rate
4.45 children born/woman (2020 est.)
5.96 children born/woman (2020 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
3.1% (2019 est.)
1.8% (2019 est.)
Nationality
noun: Congolese (singular and plural)
adjective: Congolese or Congo
noun: Angolan(s)
adjective: Angolan
Ethnic groups
Kongo 40.5%, Teke 16.9%, Mbochi 13.1%, foreigner 8.2%, Sangha 5.6%, Mbere/Mbeti/Kele 4.4%, Punu 4.3%, Pygmy 1.6%, Oubanguiens 1.6%, Duma 1.5%, Makaa 1.3%, other and unspecified 1% (2014-15 est.)
Ovimbundu 37%, Kimbundu 25%, Bakongo 13%, mestico (mixed European and native African) 2%, European 1%, other 22%
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
100,000 (2019 est.)
340,000 (2019 est.)
Religions
Roman Catholic 33.1%, Awakening Churches/Christian Revival 22.3%, Protestant 19.9%, Salutiste 2.2%, Muslim 1.6%, Kimbanguiste 1.5%, other 8.1%, none 11.3% (2010 est.)
Roman Catholic 41.1%, Protestant 38.1%, other 8.6%, none 12.3% (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
4,500 (2019 est.)
13,000 (2019 est.)
Languages
French (official), French Lingala and Monokutuba (lingua franca trade languages), many local languages and dialects (of which Kikongo is the most widespread)
Portuguese 71.2% (official), Umbundu 23%, Kikongo 8.2%, Kimbundu 7.8%, Chokwe 6.5%, Nhaneca 3.4%, Nganguela 3.1%, Fiote 2.4%, Kwanhama 2.3%, Muhumbi 2.1%, Luvale 1%, other 3.6% (2014 est.)

note: most widely spoken languages; shares sum to more than 100% because some respondents gave more than one answer on the census

Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 80.3%
male: 86.1%
female: 74.6% (2018)
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 71.1%
male: 82%
female: 60.7% (2015)
Major infectious diseases
degree of risk: very high (2020)
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever
water contact diseases: schistosomiasis
animal contact diseases: rabies
degree of risk: very high (2020)
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever, malaria
water contact diseases: schistosomiasis
animal contact diseases: rabies
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 11 years
male: 11 years
female: 11 years (2012)
total: 10 years
male: 12 years
female: 7 years (2011)
Education expenditures
4.6% of GDP (2015)
3.4% of GDP (2010)
Urbanization
urban population: 67.8% of total population (2020)
rate of urbanization: 3.28% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
urban population: 66.8% of total population (2020)
rate of urbanization: 4.32% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 97.5% of population
rural: 56.4% of population
total: 83.7% of population
unimproved: urban: 2.5% of population
rural: 43.6% of population
total: 16.3% of population (2017 est.)
improved: urban: 81.7% of population
rural: 36.6% of population
total: 65.8% of population
unimproved: urban: 18.3% of population
rural: 63.4% of population
total: 34.2% of population (2017 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 73.4% of population
rural: 15.1% of population
total: 53.9% of population
unimproved: urban: 26.6% of population
rural: 84.9% of population
total: 46.1% of population (2017 est.)
improved: urban: 92.2% of population
rural: 29.2% of population
total: 70.1% of population
unimproved: urban: 7.8% of population
rural: 70.8% of population (2 est.)
total: 29.9% of population (2017 est.)
Major cities - population
2.388 million BRAZZAVILLE (capital), 1.214 million Pointe-Noire (2020)
8.330 million LUANDA (capital), 828,000 Lubango, 778,000 Cabinda (2020)
Maternal mortality rate
378 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
241 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight
12.3% (2015)
19% (2016)
Health expenditures
2.9% (2017)
2.8% (2017)
Physicians density
0.16 physicians/1,000 population (2011)
0.21 physicians/1,000 population (2017)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
9.6% (2016)
8.2% (2016)
Mother's mean age at first birth
19.8 years (2011/12 est.)

note: median age at first birth among women 25-29

19.4 years (2015/16 est.)

note: median age at first birth among women 25-29

Contraceptive prevalence rate
30.1% (2014/15)
13.7% (2015/16)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 78.7
youth dependency ratio: 73.7
elderly dependency ratio: 4.9
potential support ratio: 20.3 (2020 est.)
total dependency ratio: 94.5
youth dependency ratio: 90.2
elderly dependency ratio: 4.3
potential support ratio: 23.5 (2020 est.)

Source: CIA Factbook