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Republic of the Congo vs. Cameroon

Demographics

Republic of the CongoCameroon
Population
5,293,070 (July 2020 est.)

note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected

27,744,989 (July 2020 est.)

note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected

Age structure
0-14 years: 41.57% (male 1,110,484/female 1,089,732)
15-24 years: 17.14% (male 454,981/female 452,204)
25-54 years: 33.5% (male 886,743/female 886,312)
55-64 years: 4.59% (male 125,207/female 117,810)
65 years and over: 3.2% (male 75,921/female 93,676) (2020 est.)
0-14 years: 42.34% (male 5,927,640/female 5,820,226)
15-24 years: 20.04% (male 2,782,376/female 2,776,873)
25-54 years: 30.64% (male 4,191,151/female 4,309,483)
55-64 years: 3.87% (male 520,771/female 552,801)
65 years and over: 3.11% (male 403,420/female 460,248) (2020 est.)
Median age
total: 19.5 years
male: 19.3 years
female: 19.7 years (2020 est.)
total: 18.5 years
male: 18.2 years
female: 18.8 years (2020 est.)
Population growth rate
2.26% (2020 est.)
2.78% (2020 est.)
Birth rate
32.6 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
36.3 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Death rate
8.7 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
8.1 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Net migration rate
-0.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
-0.3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.81 male(s)/female
total population: 100.5 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.97 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.88 male(s)/female
total population: 99.3 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 50.7 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 55.3 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 45.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
total: 51.5 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 56.5 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 46.3 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 61.3 years
male: 59.9 years
female: 62.7 years (2020 est.)
total population: 62.3 years
male: 60.6 years
female: 64 years (2020 est.)
Total fertility rate
4.45 children born/woman (2020 est.)
4.66 children born/woman (2020 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
3.1% (2019 est.)
3.2% (2019 est.)
Nationality
noun: Congolese (singular and plural)
adjective: Congolese or Congo
noun: Cameroonian(s)
adjective: Cameroonian
Ethnic groups
Kongo 40.5%, Teke 16.9%, Mbochi 13.1%, foreigner 8.2%, Sangha 5.6%, Mbere/Mbeti/Kele 4.4%, Punu 4.3%, Pygmy 1.6%, Oubanguiens 1.6%, Duma 1.5%, Makaa 1.3%, other and unspecified 1% (2014-15 est.)
Bamileke-Bamu 24.3%, Beti/Bassa, Mbam 21.6%, Biu-Mandara 14.6%, Arab-Choa/Hausa/Kanuri 11%, Adamawa-Ubangi, 9.8%, Grassfields 7.7%, Kako, Meka/Pygmy 3.3%, Cotier/Ngoe/Oroko 2.7%, Southwestern Bantu 0.7%, foreign/other ethnic group 4.5% (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
100,000 (2019 est.)
510,000 (2019 est.)
Religions
Roman Catholic 33.1%, Awakening Churches/Christian Revival 22.3%, Protestant 19.9%, Salutiste 2.2%, Muslim 1.6%, Kimbanguiste 1.5%, other 8.1%, none 11.3% (2010 est.)
Roman Catholic 38.3%, Protestant 25.5%, other Christian 6.9%, Muslim 24.4%, animist 2.2%, other 0.5%, none 2.2% (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
4,500 (2019 est.)
14,000 (2019 est.)
Languages
French (official), French Lingala and Monokutuba (lingua franca trade languages), many local languages and dialects (of which Kikongo is the most widespread)
24 major African language groups, English (official), French (official)
Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 80.3%
male: 86.1%
female: 74.6% (2018)
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 77.1%
male: 82.6%
female: 71.6% (2018)
Major infectious diseases
degree of risk: very high (2020)
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever
water contact diseases: schistosomiasis
animal contact diseases: rabies
degree of risk: very high (2020)
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever
water contact diseases: schistosomiasis
animal contact diseases: rabies
respiratory diseases: meningococcal meningitis
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 11 years
male: 11 years
female: 11 years (2012)
total: 12 years
male: 13 years
female: 11 years (2016)
Education expenditures
4.6% of GDP (2015)
3.1% of GDP (2017)
Urbanization
urban population: 67.8% of total population (2020)
rate of urbanization: 3.28% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
urban population: 57.6% of total population (2020)
rate of urbanization: 3.63% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 97.5% of population
rural: 56.4% of population
total: 83.7% of population
unimproved: urban: 2.5% of population
rural: 43.6% of population
total: 16.3% of population (2017 est.)
improved: urban: 94% of population
rural: 54.6% of population
total: 76.5% of population
unimproved: urban: 6% of population
rural: 45.3% of population
total: 23.5% of population (2017 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 73.4% of population
rural: 15.1% of population
total: 53.9% of population
unimproved: urban: 26.6% of population
rural: 84.9% of population
total: 46.1% of population (2017 est.)
improved: urban: 83.3% of population
rural: 25.6% of population
total: 57.7% of population
unimproved: urban: 16.7% of population
rural: 74.4% of population
total: 42.3% of population (2017 est.)
Major cities - population
2.388 million BRAZZAVILLE (capital), 1.214 million Pointe-Noire (2020)
3.922 million YAOUNDE (capital), 3.663 million Douala (2020)
Maternal mortality rate
378 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
529 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight
12.3% (2015)
11% (2018)
Health expenditures
2.9% (2017)
4.7% (2017)
Physicians density
0.16 physicians/1,000 population (2011)
0.09 physicians/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
9.6% (2016)
11.4% (2016)
Mother's mean age at first birth
19.8 years (2011/12 est.)

note: median age at first birth among women 25-29

19.7 years (2011 est.)

note: median age at first birth among women 25-29

Contraceptive prevalence rate
30.1% (2014/15)
19.3% (2018)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 78.7
youth dependency ratio: 73.7
elderly dependency ratio: 4.9
potential support ratio: 20.3 (2020 est.)
total dependency ratio: 81.1
youth dependency ratio: 76.2
elderly dependency ratio: 4.9
potential support ratio: 20.3 (2020 est.)

Source: CIA Factbook