Home

Republic of the Congo vs. Democratic Republic of the Congo

Demographics

Republic of the CongoDemocratic Republic of the Congo
Population
5,293,070 (July 2020 est.)

note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected

101,780,263 (July 2020 est.)

note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected

Age structure
0-14 years: 41.57% (male 1,110,484/female 1,089,732)
15-24 years: 17.14% (male 454,981/female 452,204)
25-54 years: 33.5% (male 886,743/female 886,312)
55-64 years: 4.59% (male 125,207/female 117,810)
65 years and over: 3.2% (male 75,921/female 93,676) (2020 est.)
0-14 years: 46.38% (male 23,757,297/female 23,449,057)
15-24 years: 19.42% (male 9,908,686/female 9,856,841)
25-54 years: 28.38% (male 14,459,453/female 14,422,912)
55-64 years: 3.36% (male 1,647,267/female 1,769,429)
65 years and over: 2.47% (male 1,085,539/female 1,423,782) (2020 est.)
Median age
total: 19.5 years
male: 19.3 years
female: 19.7 years (2020 est.)
total: 16.7 years
male: 16.5 years
female: 16.8 years (2020 est.)
Population growth rate
2.26% (2020 est.)
3.18% (2020 est.)
Birth rate
32.6 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
41 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Death rate
8.7 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
8.4 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Net migration rate
-0.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
-0.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.81 male(s)/female
total population: 100.5 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.93 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.76 male(s)/female
total population: 99.9 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 50.7 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 55.3 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 45.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
total: 64.5 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 70.3 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 58.4 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 61.3 years
male: 59.9 years
female: 62.7 years (2020 est.)
total population: 61 years
male: 59.3 years
female: 62.8 years (2020 est.)
Total fertility rate
4.45 children born/woman (2020 est.)
5.77 children born/woman (2020 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
3.1% (2019 est.)
0.8% (2019 est.)
Nationality
noun: Congolese (singular and plural)
adjective: Congolese or Congo
noun: Congolese (singular and plural)
adjective: Congolese or Congo
Ethnic groups
Kongo 40.5%, Teke 16.9%, Mbochi 13.1%, foreigner 8.2%, Sangha 5.6%, Mbere/Mbeti/Kele 4.4%, Punu 4.3%, Pygmy 1.6%, Oubanguiens 1.6%, Duma 1.5%, Makaa 1.3%, other and unspecified 1% (2014-15 est.)
more than 200 African ethnic groups of which the majority are Bantu; the four largest tribes - Mongo, Luba, Kongo (all Bantu), and the Mangbetu-Azande (Hamitic) - make up about 45% of the population
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
100,000 (2019 est.)
520,000 (2019 est.)
Religions
Roman Catholic 33.1%, Awakening Churches/Christian Revival 22.3%, Protestant 19.9%, Salutiste 2.2%, Muslim 1.6%, Kimbanguiste 1.5%, other 8.1%, none 11.3% (2010 est.)
Roman Catholic 29.9%, Protestant 26.7%, Kimbanguist 2.8%, other Christian 36.5%, Muslim 1.3%, other (includes syncretic sects and indigenous beliefs) 1.2%, none 1.3%, unspecified .2% (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
4,500 (2019 est.)
15,000 (2019 est.)
Languages
French (official), French Lingala and Monokutuba (lingua franca trade languages), many local languages and dialects (of which Kikongo is the most widespread)
French (official), Lingala (a lingua franca trade language), Kingwana (a dialect of Kiswahili or Swahili), Kikongo, Tshiluba
Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 80.3%
male: 86.1%
female: 74.6% (2018)
definition: age 15 and over can read and write French, Lingala, Kingwana, or Tshiluba
total population: 77%
male: 88.5%
female: 66.5% (2016)
Major infectious diseases
degree of risk: very high (2020)
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever
water contact diseases: schistosomiasis
animal contact diseases: rabies
degree of risk: very high (2020)
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria, dengue fever, and trypanosomiasis-gambiense (African sleeping sickness)
water contact diseases: schistosomiasis
animal contact diseases: rabies
note - on 18 October 2019, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention issued a Travel Health Notice for an Ebola outbreak in the South Kivu (Kivu Sud), North Kivu (Kivu Nord), and Ituri provinces in the northeastern part of the Democratic Republic of the Congo; travelers to this area could be infected with Ebola if they come into contact with an infected person’s blood or other body fluids; travelers should seek medical care immediately if they develop fever, muscle pain, sore throat, diarrhea, weakness, vomiting, stomach pain, or unexplained bleeding or bruising during or after travel
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 11 years
male: 11 years
female: 11 years (2012)
total: 11 years
male: 10 years
female: 9 years (2013)
Education expenditures
4.6% of GDP (2015)
1.5% of GDP (2017)
Urbanization
urban population: 67.8% of total population (2020)
rate of urbanization: 3.28% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
urban population: 45.6% of total population (2020)
rate of urbanization: 4.53% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 97.5% of population
rural: 56.4% of population
total: 83.7% of population
unimproved: urban: 2.5% of population
rural: 43.6% of population
total: 16.3% of population (2017 est.)
improved: urban: 84.3% of population
rural: 32.4% of population
total: 55.2% of population
unimproved: urban: 15.7% of population
rural: 67.6% of population
total: 44.8% of population (2017 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 73.4% of population
rural: 15.1% of population
total: 53.9% of population
unimproved: urban: 26.6% of population
rural: 84.9% of population
total: 46.1% of population (2017 est.)
improved: urban: 54.7% of population
rural: 29.8% of population
total: 40.7% of population
unimproved: urban: 44.5% of population
rural: 70.2% of population
total: 59.3% of population (2017 est.)
Major cities - population
2.388 million BRAZZAVILLE (capital), 1.214 million Pointe-Noire (2020)
14.342 million KINSHASA (capital), 2.525 million Mbuji-Mayi, 2.478 million Lubumbashi, 1.458 million Kananga, 1.261 million Kisangani, 1.078 million Bukavu (2020)
Maternal mortality rate
378 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
473 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight
12.3% (2015)
23.4% (2013)
Health expenditures
2.9% (2017)
4% (2017)
Physicians density
0.16 physicians/1,000 population (2011)
0.07 physicians/1,000 population (201)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
9.6% (2016)
6.7% (2016)
Mother's mean age at first birth
19.8 years (2011/12 est.)

note: median age at first birth among women 25-29

19.9 years (2013/14 est.)

note: median age at first birth among women 25-29

Contraceptive prevalence rate
30.1% (2014/15)
20.4% (2013/14)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 78.7
youth dependency ratio: 73.7
elderly dependency ratio: 4.9
potential support ratio: 20.3 (2020 est.)
total dependency ratio: 95.4
youth dependency ratio: 89.5
elderly dependency ratio: 5.9
potential support ratio: 17 (2020 est.)

Source: CIA Factbook