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Mexico Demographics Profile

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Population
128,649,565 (July 2020 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 26.01% (male 17,111,199/female 16,349,767)
15-24 years: 16.97% (male 11,069,260/female 10,762,784)
25-54 years: 41.06% (male 25,604,223/female 27,223,720)
55-64 years: 8.29% (male 4,879,048/female 5,784,176)
65 years and over: 7.67% (male 4,373,807/female 5,491,581) (2020 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 50.3
youth dependency ratio: 38.8
elderly dependency ratio: 11.4
potential support ratio: 8.7 (2020 est.)
Median age
total: 29.3 years
male: 28.2 years
female: 30.4 years (2020 est.)
Population growth rate
1.04% (2020 est.)
Birth rate
17.6 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Death rate
5.4 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Net migration rate
-1.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 80.7% of total population (2020)
rate of urbanization: 1.59% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - population
21.782 million MEXICO CITY (capital), 5.179 million Guadalajara, 4.874 million Monterrey, 3.195 million Puebla, 2.467 million Toluca de Lerdo, 2.140 million Tijuana (2020)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.84 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.8 male(s)/female
total population: 96.1 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
21.3 years (2008 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 10.7 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 12 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 9.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 76.7 years
male: 73.9 years
female: 79.6 years (2020 est.)
Total fertility rate
2.19 children born/woman (2020 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
73.1% (2018)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
0.2% (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
230,000 (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
4,000 (2017 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 96.6% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 3.4% of population
total: 0% of population (2017 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 99.3% of population
rural: 91.9% of population
total: 97.8% of population
unimproved: urban: 0.7% of population
rural: 8.1% of population
total: 2.2% of population (2017 est.)
Major infectious diseases
degree of risk: intermediate (2020)
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea and hepatitis A
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever
note: a new coronavirus is causing sustained community spread of respiratory illness (COVID-19) in Mexico; sustained community spread means that people have been infected with the virus, but how or where they became infected is not known, and the spread is ongoing; illness with this virus has ranged from mild to severe with fatalities reported; as of 5 August 2020, Mexico has reported 443,813 confirmed cases of COVID19 with 48,012 deaths
Nationality
noun: Mexican(s)
adjective: Mexican
Ethnic groups
mestizo (Amerindian-Spanish) 62%, predominantly Amerindian 21%, Amerindian 7%, other 10% (mostly European) (2012 est.)

note: Mexico does not collect census data on ethnicity

Religions
Roman Catholic 82.7%, Pentecostal 1.6%, Jehovah's Witness 1.4%, other Evangelical Churches 5%, other 1.9%, none 4.7%, unspecified 2.7% (2010 est.)
Languages
Spanish only 92.7%, Spanish and indigenous languages 5.7%, indigenous only 0.8%, unspecified 0.8% (2005)

note: indigenous languages include various Mayan, Nahuatl, and other regional languages

Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 95.4%
male: 95.8%
female: 94.6% (2018)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 15 years
male: 15 years
female: 15 years (2018)
Education expenditures
4.9% of GDP (2016)
Maternal mortality rate
33 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight
4.2% (2016)
Health expenditures
5.5% (2017)
Physicians density
2.38 physicians/1,000 population (2017)
Hospital bed density
1.5 beds/1,000 population (2015)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
28.9% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on Friday, November 27, 2020

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