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Mexico vs. Guatemala

Demographics

MexicoGuatemala
Population
128,649,565 (July 2020 est.)
17,153,288 (July 2020 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 26.01% (male 17,111,199/female 16,349,767)
15-24 years: 16.97% (male 11,069,260/female 10,762,784)
25-54 years: 41.06% (male 25,604,223/female 27,223,720)
55-64 years: 8.29% (male 4,879,048/female 5,784,176)
65 years and over: 7.67% (male 4,373,807/female 5,491,581) (2020 est.)
0-14 years: 33.68% (male 2,944,145/female 2,833,432)
15-24 years: 19.76% (male 1,705,730/female 1,683,546)
25-54 years: 36.45% (male 3,065,933/female 3,186,816)
55-64 years: 5.41% (male 431,417/female 496,743)
65 years and over: 4.7% (male 363,460/female 442,066) (2020 est.)
Median age
total: 29.3 years
male: 28.2 years
female: 30.4 years (2020 est.)
total: 23.2 years
male: 22.6 years
female: 23.8 years (2020 est.)
Population growth rate
1.04% (2020 est.)
1.68% (2020 est.)
Birth rate
17.6 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
23.3 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Death rate
5.4 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
4.9 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Net migration rate
-1.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
-1.7 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.84 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.8 male(s)/female
total population: 96.1 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.87 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.82 male(s)/female
total population: 98.5 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 10.7 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 12 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 9.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
total: 21.8 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 24 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 19.6 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 76.7 years
male: 73.9 years
female: 79.6 years (2020 est.)
total population: 72.4 years
male: 70.3 years
female: 74.5 years (2020 est.)
Total fertility rate
2.19 children born/woman (2020 est.)
2.72 children born/woman (2020 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
0.2% (2018 est.)
0.3% (2019 est.)
Nationality
noun: Mexican(s)
adjective: Mexican
noun: Guatemalan(s)
adjective: Guatemalan
Ethnic groups
mestizo (Amerindian-Spanish) 62%, predominantly Amerindian 21%, Amerindian 7%, other 10% (mostly European) (2012 est.)

note: Mexico does not collect census data on ethnicity

mestizo (mixed Amerindian-Spanish - in local Spanish called Ladino) 56%, Maya 41.7%, Xinca (indigenous, non-Maya) 1.8%, African descent .2%, Garifuna (mixed West and Central African, Island Carib, and Arawak) .1%, foreign .2% (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
230,000 (2018 est.)
36,000 (2019 est.)
Religions
Roman Catholic 82.7%, Pentecostal 1.6%, Jehovah's Witness 1.4%, other Evangelical Churches 5%, other 1.9%, none 4.7%, unspecified 2.7% (2010 est.)
Roman Catholic, Protestant, indigenous Maya
HIV/AIDS - deaths
4,000 (2017 est.)
1,200 (2019 est.)
Languages
Spanish only 92.7%, Spanish and indigenous languages 5.7%, indigenous only 0.8%, unspecified 0.8% (2005)

note: indigenous languages include various Mayan, Nahuatl, and other regional languages

Spanish (official) 69.9%, Maya languages 29.7% (Q'eqchi' 8.3%, K'iche 7.8%, Mam 4.4%, Kaqchikel 3%, Q'anjob'al 1.2%, Poqomchi' 1%, other 4%), other 0.4% (includes Xinca and Garifuna) (2018 est.)

note: the 2003 Law of National Languages officially recognized 23 indigenous languages, including 21 Maya languages, Xinca, and Garifuna

Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 95.4%
male: 95.8%
female: 94.6% (2018)
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 81.5%
male: 87.4%
female: 76.3% (2015)
Major infectious diseases
degree of risk: intermediate (2020)
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea and hepatitis A
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever
note: a new coronavirus is causing sustained community spread of respiratory illness (COVID-19) in Mexico; sustained community spread means that people have been infected with the virus, but how or where they became infected is not known, and the spread is ongoing; illness with this virus has ranged from mild to severe with fatalities reported; as of 5 August 2020, Mexico has reported 443,813 confirmed cases of COVID19 with 48,012 deaths
degree of risk: high (2020)
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: dengue fever and malaria
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 15 years
male: 15 years
female: 15 years (2018)
total: 11 years
male: 11 years
female: 11 years (2015)
Education expenditures
4.9% of GDP (2016)
2.8% of GDP (2017)
Urbanization
urban population: 80.7% of total population (2020)
rate of urbanization: 1.59% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
urban population: 51.8% of total population (2020)
rate of urbanization: 2.68% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 96.6% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 3.4% of population
total: 0% of population (2017 est.)
improved: urban: 97.9% of population
rural: 92.2% of population
total: 95.2% of population
unimproved: urban: 2.1% of population
rural: 7.8% of population
total: 4.8% of population (2017 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 99.3% of population
rural: 91.9% of population
total: 97.8% of population
unimproved: urban: 0.7% of population
rural: 8.1% of population
total: 2.2% of population (2017 est.)
improved: urban: 91.4% of population
rural: 61.7% of population
total: 76.7% of population
unimproved: urban: 8.6% of population
rural: 38.3% of population
total: 23.3% of population (2017 est.)
Major cities - population
21.782 million MEXICO CITY (capital), 5.179 million Guadalajara, 4.874 million Monterrey, 3.195 million Puebla, 2.467 million Toluca de Lerdo, 2.140 million Tijuana (2020)
2.935 million GUATEMALA CITY (capital) (2020)
Maternal mortality rate
33 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
95 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight
4.2% (2016)
12.4% (2015)
Health expenditures
5.5% (2017)
5.8% (2017)
Physicians density
2.38 physicians/1,000 population (2017)
0.36 physicians/1,000 population (2018)
Hospital bed density
1.5 beds/1,000 population (2015)
0.4 beds/1,000 population (2017)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
28.9% (2016)
21.2% (2016)
Mother's mean age at first birth
21.3 years (2008 est.)
21.2 years (2014/15 est.)

note: median age at first birth among women 25-29

Contraceptive prevalence rate
73.1% (2018)
60.6% (2014/15)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 50.3
youth dependency ratio: 38.8
elderly dependency ratio: 11.4
potential support ratio: 8.7 (2020 est.)
total dependency ratio: 62.3
youth dependency ratio: 54.1
elderly dependency ratio: 8.2
potential support ratio: 12.2 (2020 est.)

Source: CIA Factbook