Home

Mexico vs. Belize

Demographics

MexicoBelize
Population
128,649,565 (July 2020 est.)
399,598 (July 2020 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 26.01% (male 17,111,199/female 16,349,767)
15-24 years: 16.97% (male 11,069,260/female 10,762,784)
25-54 years: 41.06% (male 25,604,223/female 27,223,720)
55-64 years: 8.29% (male 4,879,048/female 5,784,176)
65 years and over: 7.67% (male 4,373,807/female 5,491,581) (2020 est.)
0-14 years: 32.57% (male 66,454/female 63,700)
15-24 years: 19% (male 39,238/female 36,683)
25-54 years: 37.72% (male 73,440/female 77,300)
55-64 years: 6.18% (male 12,235/female 12,444)
65 years and over: 4.53% (male 8,781/female 9,323) (2020 est.)
Median age
total: 29.3 years
male: 28.2 years
female: 30.4 years (2020 est.)
total: 23.9 years
male: 23 years
female: 24.8 years (2020 est.)
Population growth rate
1.04% (2020 est.)
1.72% (2020 est.)
Birth rate
17.6 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
22 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Death rate
5.4 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
4.1 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Net migration rate
-1.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
-1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.84 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.8 male(s)/female
total population: 96.1 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.94 male(s)/female
total population: 100.3 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 10.7 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 12 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 9.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
total: 11.2 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 12.4 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 10 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 76.7 years
male: 73.9 years
female: 79.6 years (2020 est.)
total population: 75.3 years
male: 73.7 years
female: 77 years (2020 est.)
Total fertility rate
2.19 children born/woman (2020 est.)
2.7 children born/woman (2020 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
0.2% (2018 est.)
1.9% (2018 est.)
Nationality
noun: Mexican(s)
adjective: Mexican
noun: Belizean(s)
adjective: Belizean
Ethnic groups
mestizo (Amerindian-Spanish) 62%, predominantly Amerindian 21%, Amerindian 7%, other 10% (mostly European) (2012 est.)

note: Mexico does not collect census data on ethnicity

mestizo 52.9%, Creole 25.9%, Maya 11.3%, Garifuna 6.1%, East Indian 3.9%, Mennonite 3.6%, white 1.2%, Asian 1%, other 1.2%, unknown 0.3% (2010 est.)

note: percentages add up to more than 100% because respondents were able to identify more than one ethnic origin

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
230,000 (2018 est.)
4,900 (2018 est.)
Religions
Roman Catholic 82.7%, Pentecostal 1.6%, Jehovah's Witness 1.4%, other Evangelical Churches 5%, other 1.9%, none 4.7%, unspecified 2.7% (2010 est.)
Roman Catholic 40.1%, Protestant 31.5% (includes Pentecostal 8.4%, Seventh Day Adventist 5.4%, Anglican 4.7%, Mennonite 3.7%, Baptist 3.6%, Methodist 2.9%, Nazarene 2.8%), Jehovah's Witness 1.7%, other 10.5% (includes Baha'i, Buddhist, Hindu, Mormon, Muslim, Rastafarian, Salvation Army), unspecified 0.6%, none 15.5% (2010 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
4,000 (2017 est.)
<200 (2018 est.)
Languages
Spanish only 92.7%, Spanish and indigenous languages 5.7%, indigenous only 0.8%, unspecified 0.8% (2005)

note: indigenous languages include various Mayan, Nahuatl, and other regional languages

English 62.9% (official), Spanish 56.6%, Creole 44.6%, Maya 10.5%, German 3.2%, Garifuna 2.9%, other 1.8%, unknown 0.3%, none 0.2% (cannot speak) (2010 est.)

note: shares sum to more than 100% because some respondents gave more than one answer on the census

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 15 years
male: 15 years
female: 15 years (2018)
total: 13 years
male: 13 years
female: 13 years (2019)
Education expenditures
4.9% of GDP (2016)
7.4% of GDP (2017)
Urbanization
urban population: 80.7% of total population (2020)
rate of urbanization: 1.59% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
urban population: 46% of total population (2020)
rate of urbanization: 2.32% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 96.6% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 3.4% of population
total: 0% of population (2017 est.)
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 98.6% of population
total: 99.2% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 1.4% of population
total: 0.8% of population (2017 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 99.3% of population
rural: 91.9% of population
total: 97.8% of population
unimproved: urban: 0.7% of population
rural: 8.1% of population
total: 2.2% of population (2017 est.)
improved: urban: 98.8% of population
rural: 95.3% of population
total: 96.9% of population
unimproved: urban: 1.2% of population
rural: 4.7% of population
total: 3.1% of population (2017 est.)
Major cities - population
21.782 million MEXICO CITY (capital), 5.179 million Guadalajara, 4.874 million Monterrey, 3.195 million Puebla, 2.467 million Toluca de Lerdo, 2.140 million Tijuana (2020)
23,000 BELMOPAN (capital) (2018)
Maternal mortality rate
33 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
36 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight
4.2% (2016)
4.6% (2015)
Health expenditures
5.5% (2017)
5.6% (2017)
Physicians density
2.38 physicians/1,000 population (2017)
1.12 physicians/1,000 population (2017)
Hospital bed density
1.5 beds/1,000 population (2015)
1 beds/1,000 population (2017)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
28.9% (2016)
24.1% (2016)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
73.1% (2018)
51.4% (2015/16)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 50.3
youth dependency ratio: 38.8
elderly dependency ratio: 11.4
potential support ratio: 8.7 (2020 est.)
total dependency ratio: 52
youth dependency ratio: 44.4
elderly dependency ratio: 7.6
potential support ratio: 13.1 (2020 est.)

Source: CIA Factbook