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Mexico vs. United States

Demographics

MexicoUnited States
Population
128,649,565 (July 2020 est.)
332,639,102 (July 2020 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 26.01% (male 17,111,199/female 16,349,767)
15-24 years: 16.97% (male 11,069,260/female 10,762,784)
25-54 years: 41.06% (male 25,604,223/female 27,223,720)
55-64 years: 8.29% (male 4,879,048/female 5,784,176)
65 years and over: 7.67% (male 4,373,807/female 5,491,581) (2020 est.)
0-14 years: 18.46% (male 31,374,555/female 30,034,371)
15-24 years: 12.91% (male 21,931,368/female 21,006,463)
25-54 years: 38.92% (male 64,893,670/female 64,564,565)
55-64 years: 12.86% (male 20,690,736/female 22,091,808)
65 years and over: 16.85% (male 25,014,147/female 31,037,419) (2020 est.)
Median age
total: 29.3 years
male: 28.2 years
female: 30.4 years (2020 est.)
total: 38.5 years
male: 37.2 years
female: 39.8 years (2020 est.)
Population growth rate
1.04% (2020 est.)
0.72% (2020 est.)
Birth rate
17.6 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
12.4 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Death rate
5.4 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
8.3 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Net migration rate
-1.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
3 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.84 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.8 male(s)/female
total population: 96.1 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female NA
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.81 male(s)/female
total population: 97.1 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 10.7 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 12 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 9.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
total: 5.3 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 5.7 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 4.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 76.7 years
male: 73.9 years
female: 79.6 years (2020 est.)
total population: 80.3 years
male: 78 years
female: 82.5 years (2020 est.)
Total fertility rate
2.19 children born/woman (2020 est.)
1.84 children born/woman (2020 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
0.2% (2018 est.)
NA
Nationality
noun: Mexican(s)
adjective: Mexican
noun: American(s)
adjective: American
Ethnic groups
mestizo (Amerindian-Spanish) 62%, predominantly Amerindian 21%, Amerindian 7%, other 10% (mostly European) (2012 est.)

note: Mexico does not collect census data on ethnicity

white 72.4%, black 12.6%, Asian 4.8%, Amerindian and Alaska native 0.9%, native Hawaiian and other Pacific islander 0.2%, other 6.2%, two or more races 2.9% (2010 est.)

note: a separate listing for Hispanic is not included because the US Census Bureau considers Hispanic to mean persons of Spanish/Hispanic/Latino origin including those of Mexican, Cuban, Puerto Rican, Dominican Republic, Spanish, and Central or South American origin living in the US who may be of any race or ethnic group (white, black, Asian, etc.); an estimated 16.3% of the total US population is Hispanic as of 2010

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
230,000 (2018 est.)
NA
Religions
Roman Catholic 82.7%, Pentecostal 1.6%, Jehovah's Witness 1.4%, other Evangelical Churches 5%, other 1.9%, none 4.7%, unspecified 2.7% (2010 est.)
Protestant 46.5%, Roman Catholic 20.8%, Jewish 1.9%, Mormon 1.6%, other Christian 0.9%, Muslim 0.9%, Jehovah's Witness 0.8%, Buddhist 0.7%, Hindu 0.7%, other 1.8%, unaffiliated 22.8%, don't know/refused 0.6% (2014 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
4,000 (2017 est.)
NA
Languages
Spanish only 92.7%, Spanish and indigenous languages 5.7%, indigenous only 0.8%, unspecified 0.8% (2005)

note: indigenous languages include various Mayan, Nahuatl, and other regional languages

English only 78.2%, Spanish 13.4%, Chinese 1.1%, other 7.3% (2017 est.)

note: data represent the language spoken at home; the US has no official national language, but English has acquired official status in 32 of the 50 states; Hawaiian is an official language in the state of Hawaii, and 20 indigenous languages are official in Alaska

School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 15 years
male: 15 years
female: 15 years (2018)
total: 16 years
male: 16 years
female: 17 years (2018)
Education expenditures
4.9% of GDP (2016)
5% of GDP (2014)
Urbanization
urban population: 80.7% of total population (2020)
rate of urbanization: 1.59% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
urban population: 82.7% of total population (2020)
rate of urbanization: 0.95% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 96.6% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 3.4% of population
total: 0% of population (2017 est.)
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 97% of population
total: 99% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 3% of population
total: 1% of population (2017 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 99.3% of population
rural: 91.9% of population
total: 97.8% of population
unimproved: urban: 0.7% of population
rural: 8.1% of population
total: 2.2% of population (2017 est.)
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2017 est.)
Major cities - population
21.782 million MEXICO CITY (capital), 5.179 million Guadalajara, 4.874 million Monterrey, 3.195 million Puebla, 2.467 million Toluca de Lerdo, 2.140 million Tijuana (2020)
18.804 million New York-Newark, 12.447 million Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, 8.865 million Chicago, 6.371 million Houston, 6.301 million Dallas-Fort Worth, 5.322 million WASHINGTON, D.C. (capital) (2020)
Maternal mortality rate
33 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
19 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight
4.2% (2016)
0.5% (2012)
Health expenditures
5.5% (2017)
17.1% (2017)
Physicians density
2.38 physicians/1,000 population (2017)
2.61 physicians/1,000 population (2017)
Hospital bed density
1.5 beds/1,000 population (2015)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
28.9% (2016)
36.2% (2016)
Mother's mean age at first birth
21.3 years (2008 est.)
26.4 years (2015 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
73.1% (2018)
75.9% (2015/17)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 50.3
youth dependency ratio: 38.8
elderly dependency ratio: 11.4
potential support ratio: 8.7 (2020 est.)
total dependency ratio: 53.9
youth dependency ratio: 28.3
elderly dependency ratio: 25.6
potential support ratio: 3.9 (2020 est.)

Source: CIA Factbook