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Mexico Demographics Profile 2018

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Population124,574,795 (July 2017 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 26.93% (male 17,155,689/female 16,390,913)
15-24 years: 17.54% (male 11,065,927/female 10,778,382)
25-54 years: 40.81% (male 24,550,848/female 26,282,836)
55-64 years: 7.64% (male 4,362,868/female 5,160,514)
65 years and over: 7.09% (male 3,949,823/female 4,876,995) (2017 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 51.4
youth dependency ratio: 41.6
elderly dependency ratio: 9.8
potential support ratio: 10.2 (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 28.3 years
male: 27.2 years
female: 29.4 years (2017 est.)
Population growth rate1.12% (2017 est.)
Birth rate18.3 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Death rate5.3 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Net migration rate-1.8 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 79.8% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 1.37% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - populationMEXICO CITY (capital) 20.999 million; Guadalajara 4.843 million; Monterrey 4.513 million; Puebla 2.984 million; Toluca de Lerdo 2.164 million; Tijuana 1.987 million (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.93 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.85 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.82 male(s)/female
total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth21.3 years (2008 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 11.6 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 13 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 10.1 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 76.1 years
male: 73.3 years
female: 79 years (2017 est.)
Total fertility rate2.24 children born/woman (2017 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate66.9% (2015)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.3% (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS220,000 (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths4,200 (2016 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 97.2% of population
rural: 92.1% of population
total: 96.1% of population
unimproved:
urban: 2.8% of population
rural: 7.9% of population
total: 3.9% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 88% of population
rural: 74.5% of population
total: 85.2% of population
unimproved:
urban: 12% of population
rural: 25.5% of population
total: 14.8% of population (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea and hepatitis A
vectorborne disease: dengue fever
note: active local transmission of Zika virus by Aedes species mosquitoes has been identified in this country (as of August 2016); it poses an important risk (a large number of cases possible) among US citizens if bitten by an infective mosquito; other less common ways to get Zika are through sex, via blood transfusion, or during pregnancy, in which the pregnant woman passes Zika virus to her fetus (2016)
Nationalitynoun: Mexican(s)
adjective: Mexican
Ethnic groupsmestizo (Amerindian-Spanish) 62%, predominantly Amerindian 21%, Amerindian 7%, other 10% (mostly European)
note: Mexico does not collect census data on ethnicity (2012 est.)
ReligionsRoman Catholic 82.7%, Pentecostal 1.6%, Jehovah's Witness 1.4%, other Evangelical Churches 5%, other 1.9%, none 4.7%, unspecified 2.7% (2010 est.)
LanguagesSpanish only 92.7%, Spanish and indigenous languages 5.7%, indigenous only 0.8%, unspecified 0.8%
note: indigenous languages include various Mayan, Nahuatl, and other regional languages (2005)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 94.5%
male: 95.5%
female: 93.5% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 13 years
male: 13 years
female: 13 years (2014)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 1,105,617
percentage: 5% (2009 est.)
Education expenditures5.2% of GDP (2012)
Maternal mortality rate38 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight3.9% (2015)
Health expenditures6.3% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density2.07 physicians/1,000 population (2013)
Hospital bed density1.5 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate28.9% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

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