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Federal Republic of Germany

Bundesrepublik Deutschland (German)
Anthem: "Deutschlandlied"[a]
(English: "Song of Germany")
EU-Germany (orthographic projection).svg
EU-Germany.svg
Location of Germany (dark green)

– in Europe (light green & dark grey)
– in the European Union (light green)

Capital
and largest city
Berlin[b]
52°31′N13°23′E / 52.517°N 13.383°E / 52.517; 13.383
Official language
and national language
German[c]
Demonym(s)German
GovernmentFederalparliamentaryrepublic
Frank-Walter Steinmeier
Angela Merkel
Olaf Scholz
Legislature
Bundesrat
Bundestag
Formation
18 January 1871
9 November 1918
23 March 1933
23 May 1949
3 October 1990
Area
• Total
357,022 km2 (137,847 sq mi)[4] (62nd)
• Water (%)
1.27 (as of 2015)[5]
Population
• 2019 estimate
Increase 83,166,711[6] (18th)
• Density
232/km2 (600.9/sq mi) (58th)
GDP (PPP)2020 estimate
• Total
Decrease $4.454 trillion[7] (5th)
• Per capita
Decrease $53,571[7] (15th)
GDP (nominal)2020 estimate
• Total
Decrease $3,780 trillion[7] (4th)
• Per capita
Decrease $45,466[7] (15th)
Gini (2018)Negative increase 31.1[8]
medium
HDI (2018)Increase 0.939[9]
very high · 4th
CurrencyEuro () (EUR)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
• Summer (DST)
UTC+2 (CEST)
Driving sideright
ISO 3166 codeDE
Internet TLD.de

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on November 27, 2020


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