High-technology exports (current US$) - Country Ranking

Definition: High-technology exports are products with high R&D intensity, such as aerospace, computers, pharmaceuticals, scientific instruments, and electrical machinery. Data are in current U.S. dollars.

Source: United Nations, Comtrade database through the WITS platform.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 China 654,188,000,000.00 2017
2 Germany 209,610,000,000.00 2018
3 Korea 192,790,000,000.00 2018
4 United States 156,366,000,000.00 2018
5 Singapore 155,447,000,000.00 2018
6 France 117,814,000,000.00 2018
7 Japan 111,020,000,000.00 2018
8 Malaysia 90,395,900,000.00 2018
9 Netherlands 85,790,940,000.00 2018
10 United Kingdom 76,533,150,000.00 2018
11 Mexico 76,287,660,000.00 2018
12 Vietnam 74,113,940,000.00 2017
13 Thailand 44,795,080,000.00 2018
14 Belgium 36,667,990,000.00 2018
15 Ireland 36,493,800,000.00 2018
16 Czech Republic 36,002,160,000.00 2018
17 Philippines 33,903,550,000.00 2018
18 Italy 33,820,880,000.00 2018
19 Canada 31,011,580,000.00 2018
20 Switzerland 30,136,240,000.00 2018
21 Poland 22,236,770,000.00 2018
22 India 20,273,090,000.00 2018
23 Hungary 18,033,480,000.00 2018
24 Sweden 17,415,730,000.00 2018
25 Spain 16,982,240,000.00 2018
26 Austria 16,687,500,000.00 2018
27 Israel 12,971,900,000.00 2018
28 Brazil 11,096,280,000.00 2018
29 Russia 10,183,010,000.00 2018
30 Denmark 9,569,070,000.00 2018
31 Slovak Republic 8,928,947,000.00 2018
32 Romania 6,637,140,000.00 2018
33 Indonesia 6,389,605,000.00 2018
34 Australia 5,274,080,000.00 2018
35 Finland 4,515,415,000.00 2018
36 Norway 4,294,543,000.00 2018
37 Turkey 3,116,828,000.00 2018
38 United Arab Emirates 3,026,597,000.00 2018
39 Portugal 2,978,220,000.00 2018
40 Lithuania 2,516,322,000.00 2018
41 South Africa 2,238,162,000.00 2018
42 Slovenia 2,089,870,000.00 2018
43 Estonia 2,063,714,000.00 2018
44 Bulgaria 1,956,365,000.00 2018
45 Kazakhstan 1,783,934,000.00 2018
46 Greece 1,754,802,000.00 2018
47 Latvia 1,747,648,000.00 2018
48 Ukraine 1,247,556,000.00 2018
49 Costa Rica 1,106,846,000.00 2017
50 Croatia 1,011,940,000.00 2018
51 Panama 923,062,500.00 2016
52 Luxembourg 858,270,000.00 2018
53 Tunisia 850,853,000.00 2017
54 Malta 766,126,800.00 2018
55 Belarus 716,991,900.00 2018
56 Morocco 691,266,600.00 2017
57 Chile 680,276,800.00 2018
58 Argentina 647,172,400.00 2018
59 New Zealand 606,940,900.00 2018
60 Colombia 606,299,100.00 2018
61 Hong Kong SAR, China 469,855,900.00 2016
62 Dominican Republic 432,904,200.00 2017
63 Pakistan 380,368,400.00 2018
64 Myanmar 312,054,600.00 2018
65 Saudi Arabia 285,414,100.00 2018
66 Iran 278,925,000.00 2017
67 El Salvador 277,848,600.00 2018
68 Lao PDR 275,176,800.00 2016
69 Bosnia and Herzegovina 261,379,300.00 2018
70 Guatemala 246,966,700.00 2017
71 North Macedonia 234,170,100.00 2018
72 Kuwait 231,363,400.00 2018
73 Peru 210,478,600.00 2018
74 Tanzania 186,258,400.00 2018
75 Cambodia 171,116,000.00 2016
76 Iceland 143,430,800.00 2018
77 Côte d'Ivoire 137,411,100.00 2017
78 Egypt 125,700,400.00 2018
79 Uruguay 120,197,900.00 2018
80 Paraguay 102,336,600.00 2018
81 Cyprus 95,712,380.00 2018
82 Bangladesh 93,608,710.00 2015
83 Congo 93,174,600.00 2017
84 Jordan 83,323,220.00 2017
85 Sri Lanka 79,026,660.00 2017
86 Ecuador 68,401,030.00 2018
87 Kenya 54,899,300.00 2018
88 Ghana 50,006,670.00 2018
89 Oman 48,362,450.00 2017
90 Honduras 45,740,960.00 2017
91 Syrian Arab Republic 42,302,620.00 2010
92 Nigeria 41,631,960.00 2018
93 Lebanon 39,529,300.00 2018
94 Kyrgyz Republic 39,500,660.00 2018
95 Botswana 39,449,220.00 2018
96 New Caledonia 38,232,170.00 2015
97 Armenia 36,253,120.00 2018
98 Central African Republic 35,462,280.00 2017
99 Andorra 33,913,480.00 2018
100 Mauritius 31,292,620.00 2018
101 Cameroon 30,197,980.00 2017
102 Senegal 28,155,690.00 2018
103 Mozambique 27,220,070.00 2018
104 Georgia 26,950,270.00 2018
105 Zambia 25,805,410.00 2018
106 Bahrain 21,453,930.00 2016
107 Azerbaijan 21,285,860.00 2018
108 Uganda 19,912,640.00 2018
109 Bolivia 19,560,050.00 2018
110 Moldova 18,944,090.00 2018
111 Papua New Guinea 17,574,760.00 2012
112 Nicaragua 14,952,960.00 2018
113 Jamaica 11,653,000.00 2017
114 Ethiopia 10,087,160.00 2016
115 Zimbabwe 9,719,357.00 2018
116 Algeria 9,027,398.00 2017
117 Malawi 8,406,539.00 2017
118 St. Kitts and Nevis 6,842,006.00 2017
119 Mongolia 6,763,250.00 2018
120 Nepal 5,993,527.00 2017
121 Trinidad and Tobago 5,675,253.00 2015
122 Seychelles 5,611,137.00 2018
123 Burkina Faso 5,267,965.00 2017
124 Yemen 5,030,503.00 2015
125 Rwanda 4,986,874.00 2016
126 Madagascar 4,949,826.00 2017
127 Fiji 4,778,477.00 2018
128 Montenegro 4,246,458.00 2018
129 Benin 4,003,045.00 2017
130 St. Lucia 3,921,940.00 2017
131 Eswatini 3,666,123.00 2017
132 Mali 3,021,238.00 2017
133 Namibia 2,888,323.00 2018
134 Niger 2,498,948.00 2016
135 Guinea 2,455,734.00 2015
136 Burundi 2,019,594.00 2018
137 Dominica 1,949,279.00 2012
138 São Tomé and Principe 1,332,855.00 2018
139 Djibouti 1,331,100.00 2009
140 Lesotho 1,254,081.00 2017
141 Suriname 1,169,002.00 2018
142 Albania 591,717.00 2018
143 Togo 557,552.00 2017
144 Sudan 549,176.00 2017
145 Greenland 487,975.00 2018
146 Palau 401,591.00 2018
147 Solomon Islands 171,262.00 2018
148 Guyana 160,370.00 2018
149 Samoa 142,117.00 2018
150 Kiribati 123,472.00 2016
151 Brunei 115,051.00 2018
152 Qatar 112,715.00 2018
153 Bhutan 58,575.00 2012
154 Macao SAR, China 38,253.00 2014
155 Tonga 28,003.00 2014
156 Belize 6,270.00 2018
157 Antigua and Barbuda 3,911.00 2018
158 The Gambia 3,864.00 2017
159 The Bahamas 3,454.00 2010
160 Sierra Leone 1,349.00 2017
161 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 332.00 2018
162 Cabo Verde 331.00 2014
163 Mauritania 44.00 2016

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Development Relevance: The OECD has developed a four-way classification of exports: high, medium-high, medium-low and low-technology. The classification is based on the importance of expenditures on research and development relative to the gross output and value added of different types of industries that produce goods for export. Examples of high-technology industries are aircraft, computers, and pharmaceuticals; medium-high-technology includes motor vehicles, electrical equipment and most chemicals; medium-low-technology includes rubber, plastics, basic metals and ship construction; low-technology industries include food processing, textiles, clothing and footwear.

Limitations and Exceptions: Because industrial sectors specializing in a few high-technology products may also produce low-technology products, the product approach is more appropriate for international trade. The method takes only R&D intensity into account, but other characteristics of high technology are also important, such as knowhow, scientific personnel, and technology embodied in patents. Considering these characteristics would yield a different list (see Hatzichronoglou 1997). The indicator is based on data reported by countries to COMTRADE. The export values presented in the World Development Indicators represent Gross Exports less Re-Exports. The values may be impacted in cases of reporting errors or missing data, for example if countries do not report Re-Exports for one or more periods.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: High technology products are defined according to SITC Rev.4 as the sum of the following products: Aerospace, Computers-office machines, Electronics-telecommunications, Pharmacy, Scientific instruments, Electrical machinery, Chemistry, Non-electrical machinery, Armament. The following product codes are used: Aerospace: (714 – 71489 -71499)+7921+7922+7924+7925+79291+79293+87411; Computers-office machines: 75194+75195+752+75997; Electronics-communication: 76331+7638+(764-76493-76499)+7722+77261+77318+77625+77627+7763+7764+7768+89844+89846; Pharmacy: 5413+5415+5416+5421+5422; Scientific instruments: 774+871+87211+(874-87411-8742)+88111+88121+88411+88419+(8996-89965-89969); Electrical machinery: (7786-77861-777866-77869)+7787+77884; Chemistry: 52222+52223+52229+52269+525+531+57433+591; Non-electrical machinery: 71489+71499+7187+72847+7311+73131+73135+73142+73144+73151+73153+73161+73163+73165+73312+73314+73316+7359+73733+73735; Armament: 891 The list can also be accessed on the Eurostat website. This list, based on the OECD definition, contains technical products of which the manufacturing involved a high intensity of R&D. The original high-tech products classification is based on SITC Rev. 3 and is taken from Table 4 of Annex 2 of the 1997 working paper of Thomas Hatzichronouglou, OECD. In September 2019 the definition in the World Development Indicators database was updated to SITC Rev.4 from SITC Rev. 3. The data are in current U.S. dollars and are sourced from the UN's Comtrade database.

Aggregation method: Sum

Periodicity: Annual