High-technology exports (current US$) - Country Ranking - Africa

Definition: High-technology exports are products with high R&D intensity, such as aerospace, computers, pharmaceuticals, scientific instruments, and electrical machinery. Data are in current U.S. dollars.

Source: United Nations, Comtrade database through the WITS platform.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 South Africa 2,238,162,000.00 2018
2 Tunisia 850,853,000.00 2017
3 Morocco 691,266,600.00 2017
4 Tanzania 186,258,400.00 2018
5 Côte d'Ivoire 137,411,100.00 2017
6 Egypt 125,700,400.00 2018
7 Congo 93,174,600.00 2017
8 Kenya 54,899,300.00 2018
9 Ghana 50,006,670.00 2018
10 Nigeria 41,631,960.00 2018
11 Botswana 39,449,220.00 2018
12 Central African Republic 35,462,280.00 2017
13 Mauritius 31,292,620.00 2018
14 Cameroon 30,197,980.00 2017
15 Senegal 28,155,690.00 2018
16 Mozambique 27,220,070.00 2018
17 Zambia 25,805,410.00 2018
18 Uganda 19,912,640.00 2018
19 Ethiopia 10,087,160.00 2016
20 Zimbabwe 9,719,357.00 2018
21 Algeria 9,027,398.00 2017
22 Malawi 8,406,539.00 2017
23 Seychelles 5,611,137.00 2018
24 Burkina Faso 5,267,965.00 2017
25 Rwanda 4,986,874.00 2016
26 Madagascar 4,949,826.00 2017
27 Benin 4,003,045.00 2017
28 Eswatini 3,666,123.00 2017
29 Mali 3,021,238.00 2017
30 Namibia 2,888,323.00 2018
31 Niger 2,498,948.00 2016
32 Guinea 2,455,734.00 2015
33 Burundi 2,019,594.00 2018
34 São Tomé and Principe 1,332,855.00 2018
35 Djibouti 1,331,100.00 2009
36 Lesotho 1,254,081.00 2017
37 Togo 557,552.00 2017
38 Sudan 549,176.00 2017
39 The Gambia 3,864.00 2017
40 Sierra Leone 1,349.00 2017
41 Cabo Verde 331.00 2014
42 Mauritania 44.00 2016

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Development Relevance: The OECD has developed a four-way classification of exports: high, medium-high, medium-low and low-technology. The classification is based on the importance of expenditures on research and development relative to the gross output and value added of different types of industries that produce goods for export. Examples of high-technology industries are aircraft, computers, and pharmaceuticals; medium-high-technology includes motor vehicles, electrical equipment and most chemicals; medium-low-technology includes rubber, plastics, basic metals and ship construction; low-technology industries include food processing, textiles, clothing and footwear.

Limitations and Exceptions: Because industrial sectors specializing in a few high-technology products may also produce low-technology products, the product approach is more appropriate for international trade. The method takes only R&D intensity into account, but other characteristics of high technology are also important, such as knowhow, scientific personnel, and technology embodied in patents. Considering these characteristics would yield a different list (see Hatzichronoglou 1997). The indicator is based on data reported by countries to COMTRADE. The export values presented in the World Development Indicators represent Gross Exports less Re-Exports. The values may be impacted in cases of reporting errors or missing data, for example if countries do not report Re-Exports for one or more periods.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: High technology products are defined according to SITC Rev.4 as the sum of the following products: Aerospace, Computers-office machines, Electronics-telecommunications, Pharmacy, Scientific instruments, Electrical machinery, Chemistry, Non-electrical machinery, Armament. The following product codes are used: Aerospace: (714 – 71489 -71499)+7921+7922+7924+7925+79291+79293+87411; Computers-office machines: 75194+75195+752+75997; Electronics-communication: 76331+7638+(764-76493-76499)+7722+77261+77318+77625+77627+7763+7764+7768+89844+89846; Pharmacy: 5413+5415+5416+5421+5422; Scientific instruments: 774+871+87211+(874-87411-8742)+88111+88121+88411+88419+(8996-89965-89969); Electrical machinery: (7786-77861-777866-77869)+7787+77884; Chemistry: 52222+52223+52229+52269+525+531+57433+591; Non-electrical machinery: 71489+71499+7187+72847+7311+73131+73135+73142+73144+73151+73153+73161+73163+73165+73312+73314+73316+7359+73733+73735; Armament: 891 The list can also be accessed on the Eurostat website. This list, based on the OECD definition, contains technical products of which the manufacturing involved a high intensity of R&D. The original high-tech products classification is based on SITC Rev. 3 and is taken from Table 4 of Annex 2 of the 1997 working paper of Thomas Hatzichronouglou, OECD. In September 2019 the definition in the World Development Indicators database was updated to SITC Rev.4 from SITC Rev. 3. The data are in current U.S. dollars and are sourced from the UN's Comtrade database.

Aggregation method: Sum

Periodicity: Annual