Urban population (% of total) - Country Ranking

Definition: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. The data are collected and smoothed by United Nations Population Division.

Source: The United Nations Population Division's World Urbanization Prospects.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Singapore 100.00 2016
1 Hong Kong SAR, China 100.00 2016
1 Monaco 100.00 2016
1 Nauru 100.00 2016
1 Macao SAR, China 100.00 2016
1 Cayman Islands 100.00 2016
7 Qatar 99.32 2016
8 Kuwait 98.36 2016
9 Belgium 97.90 2016
10 Malta 95.53 2016
11 Uruguay 95.46 2016
12 Iceland 94.23 2016
13 San Marino 94.22 2016
14 Japan 93.93 2016
15 Puerto Rico 93.57 2016
16 Israel 92.21 2016
17 Argentina 91.89 2016
18 Netherlands 91.03 2016
19 Luxembourg 90.43 2016
20 Chile 89.70 2016
21 Australia 89.55 2016
22 Venezuela 89.04 2016
23 Bahrain 88.84 2016
24 Lebanon 87.91 2016
25 Denmark 87.85 2016
26 Palau 87.64 2016
27 Gabon 87.37 2016
28 Greenland 86.81 2016
29 New Zealand 86.32 2016
30 Sweden 85.96 2016
31 Brazil 85.93 2016
32 United Arab Emirates 85.80 2016
33 Andorra 84.61 2016
34 Finland 84.36 2016
35 Jordan 83.91 2016
36 Saudi Arabia 83.33 2016
37 The Bahamas 82.95 2016
38 United Kingdom 82.84 2016
39 Korea 82.59 2016
40 Canada 82.01 2016
41 United States 81.79 2016
42 Norway 80.73 2016
43 Dominican Republic 79.84 2016
44 Spain 79.80 2016
45 France 79.75 2016
46 Mexico 79.52 2016
47 Peru 78.92 2016
48 Libya 78.75 2016
49 Greece 78.33 2016
50 Oman 78.09 2016
51 Costa Rica 77.68 2016
52 Brunei 77.51 2016
53 Djibouti 77.43 2016
54 Cuba 77.18 2016
55 Belarus 77.05 2016
56 Colombia 76.71 2016
57 Germany 75.51 2016
58 Malaysia 75.37 2016
59 Bulgaria 74.27 2016
60 Russia 74.10 2016
61 Switzerland 73.99 2016
62 Turkey 73.89 2016
63 Iran 73.88 2016
64 Czech Republic 72.98 2016
65 Mongolia 72.82 2016
66 Hungary 71.67 2016
67 Algeria 71.30 2016
68 New Caledonia 70.74 2016
69 Ukraine 69.92 2016
70 Dominica 69.82 2016
71 Iraq 69.59 2016
72 Italy 69.12 2016
73 Bolivia 68.91 2016
74 Estonia 67.47 2016
75 Latvia 67.36 2016
76 El Salvador 67.19 2016
77 Tunisia 67.05 2016
78 Panama 66.90 2016
79 Cyprus 66.84 2016
80 Lithuania 66.51 2016
81 Cabo Verde 66.19 2016
82 Austria 66.03 2016
83 Suriname 66.02 2016
84 Congo 65.80 2016
85 São Tomé and Principe 65.65 2016
86 South Africa 65.30 2016
87 Montenegro 64.22 2016
88 Portugal 64.02 2016
89 Ecuador 63.98 2016
90 Ireland 63.54 2016
91 Armenia 62.56 2016
92 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 61.05 2016
93 Morocco 60.69 2016
94 Tuvalu 60.62 2016
95 Poland 60.53 2016
96 Mauritania 60.45 2016
97 The Gambia 60.22 2016
98 Paraguay 59.92 2016
99 Haiti 59.79 2016
100 Croatia 59.28 2016
101 Nicaragua 59.11 2016
102 Albania 58.38 2016
103 Syrian Arab Republic 58.06 2016
104 Botswana 57.71 2016
105 Macedonia 57.20 2016
106 China 56.78 2016
107 Serbia 55.67 2016
108 Honduras 55.32 2016
109 Jamaica 55.03 2016
110 Cameroon 54.94 2016
111 Azerbaijan 54.90 2016
112 Côte d'Ivoire 54.87 2016
113 Romania 54.75 2016
114 Ghana 54.68 2016
115 Indonesia 54.47 2016
116 Seychelles 54.21 2016
117 Fiji 54.10 2016
118 Georgia 53.83 2016
119 Slovak Republic 53.47 2016
120 Kazakhstan 53.23 2016
121 Guatemala 52.03 2016
122 Thailand 51.54 2016
123 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 50.90 2016
124 Turkmenistan 50.40 2016
125 Liberia 50.10 2016
126 Guinea-Bissau 50.09 2016
127 Slovenia 49.63 2016
128 Nigeria 48.60 2016
129 Namibia 47.63 2016
130 Moldova 45.09 2016
131 Angola 44.82 2016
132 Kiribati 44.45 2016
133 Benin 44.40 2016
134 Philippines 44.29 2016
135 Senegal 44.07 2016
136 Belize 43.85 2016
137 Egypt 43.22 2016
138 Dem. Rep. Congo 43.02 2016
139 Zambia 41.38 2016
140 Mali 40.68 2016
141 Togo 40.46 2016
142 Central African Republic 40.33 2016
143 Sierra Leone 40.32 2016
144 Equatorial Guinea 40.10 2016
145 Somalia 40.03 2016
146 Bosnia and Herzegovina 39.94 2016
147 Lao PDR 39.65 2016
148 Mauritius 39.55 2016
149 Bhutan 39.38 2016
150 Pakistan 39.22 2016
151 Guinea 37.65 2016
152 Uzbekistan 36.48 2016
153 Kyrgyz Republic 35.85 2016
154 Madagascar 35.74 2016
155 Grenada 35.62 2016
156 Yemen 35.19 2016
157 Bangladesh 35.04 2016
158 Myanmar 34.65 2016
159 Vietnam 34.24 2016
160 Sudan 34.01 2016
161 Timor-Leste 33.40 2016
162 India 33.14 2016
163 Mozambique 32.51 2016
164 Tanzania 32.32 2016
165 Zimbabwe 32.28 2016
166 St. Kitts and Nevis 32.15 2016
167 Barbados 31.42 2016
168 Burkina Faso 30.69 2016
169 Rwanda 29.78 2016
170 Guyana 28.66 2016
171 Comoros 28.41 2016
172 Lesotho 27.84 2016
173 Afghanistan 27.13 2016
174 Tajikistan 26.89 2016
175 Vanuatu 26.44 2016
176 Kenya 26.06 2016
177 Tonga 23.80 2016
178 Antigua and Barbuda 23.39 2016
179 Solomon Islands 22.78 2016
180 Chad 22.62 2016
181 Swaziland 21.32 2016
182 Eritrea 20.95 2011
183 Cambodia 20.95 2016
184 Ethiopia 19.92 2016
185 Niger 19.01 2016
186 Nepal 19.00 2016
187 Samoa 18.96 2016
188 St. Lucia 18.54 2016
189 Sri Lanka 18.41 2016
190 Malawi 16.45 2016
191 Uganda 16.44 2016
192 Liechtenstein 14.28 2016
193 Papua New Guinea 13.04 2016
194 Burundi 12.36 2016
195 Trinidad and Tobago 8.35 2016

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Development Relevance: Explosive growth of cities globally signifies the demographic transition from rural to urban, and is associated with shifts from an agriculture-based economy to mass industry, technology, and service. In principle, cities offer a more favorable setting for the resolution of social and environmental problems than rural areas. Cities generate jobs and income, and deliver education, health care and other services. Cities also present opportunities for social mobilization and women's empowerment.

Limitations and Exceptions: Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverage. There is no consistent and universally accepted standard for distinguishing urban from rural areas, in part because of the wide variety of situations across countries. Most countries use an urban classification related to the size or characteristics of settlements. Some define urban areas based on the presence of certain infrastructure and services. And other countries designate urban areas based on administrative arrangements. Because of national differences in the characteristics that distinguish urban from rural areas, the distinction between urban and rural population is not amenable to a single definition that would be applicable to all countries. Estimates of the world's urban population would change significantly if China, India, and a few other populous nations were to change their definition of urban centers. Because the estimates of city and metropolitan area are based on national definitions of what constitutes a city or metropolitan area, cross-country comparisons should be made with caution.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. The indicator is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. Percentages urban are the numbers of persons residing in an area defined as ''urban'' per 100 total population. They are calculated by the Statistics Division of the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs. Particular caution should be used in interpreting the figures for percentage urban for different countries. Countries differ in the way they classify population as "urban" or "rural." The population of a city or metropolitan area depends on the boundaries chosen.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual