Urban population (% of total population) - Country Ranking

Definition: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. The data are collected and smoothed by United Nations Population Division.

Source: United Nations Population Division. World Urbanization Prospects: 2018 Revision.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Singapore 100.00 2018
1 Hong Kong SAR, China 100.00 2018
1 Monaco 100.00 2018
1 Kuwait 100.00 2018
1 Nauru 100.00 2018
1 Macao SAR, China 100.00 2018
1 Cayman Islands 100.00 2018
8 Qatar 99.14 2018
9 Belgium 98.00 2018
10 San Marino 97.23 2018
11 Uruguay 95.33 2018
12 Malta 94.61 2018
13 Iceland 93.81 2018
14 Puerto Rico 93.58 2018
15 Israel 92.42 2018
16 Argentina 91.87 2018
17 Japan 91.62 2018
18 Netherlands 91.49 2018
19 Luxembourg 90.98 2018
20 Jordan 90.98 2018
21 Gabon 89.37 2018
22 Bahrain 89.29 2018
23 Lebanon 88.59 2018
24 Venezuela 88.21 2018
25 Andorra 88.06 2018
26 Denmark 87.87 2018
27 Chile 87.56 2018
28 Sweden 87.43 2018
29 Greenland 86.82 2018
30 Brazil 86.57 2018
31 New Zealand 86.54 2018
32 United Arab Emirates 86.52 2018
33 Australia 86.01 2018
34 Finland 85.38 2018
35 Oman 84.54 2018
36 Saudi Arabia 83.84 2018
37 United Kingdom 83.40 2018
38 The Bahamas 83.03 2018
39 United States 82.26 2018
40 Norway 82.25 2018
41 Korea 81.46 2018
42 Canada 81.41 2018
43 Dominican Republic 81.07 2018
44 Colombia 80.78 2018
45 France 80.44 2018
46 Spain 80.32 2018
47 Mexico 80.16 2018
48 Libya 80.10 2018
49 Palau 79.93 2018
50 Costa Rica 79.34 2018
51 Greece 79.06 2018
52 Belarus 78.60 2018
53 Peru 77.91 2018
54 Djibouti 77.78 2018
55 Brunei 77.63 2018
56 Germany 77.31 2018
57 Cuba 77.04 2018
58 Malaysia 76.04 2018
59 Turkey 75.14 2018
60 Bulgaria 75.01 2018
61 Iran 74.90 2018
62 Russia 74.43 2018
63 Switzerland 73.80 2018
64 Czech Republic 73.79 2018
65 São Tomé and Principe 72.80 2018
66 Algeria 72.63 2018
67 Equatorial Guinea 72.14 2018
68 El Salvador 72.02 2018
69 Hungary 71.35 2018
70 New Caledonia 70.68 2018
71 Dominica 70.48 2018
72 Iraq 70.47 2018
73 Italy 70.44 2018
74 Botswana 69.45 2018
75 Bolivia 69.43 2018
76 Ukraine 69.35 2018
77 Tunisia 68.95 2018
78 Estonia 68.88 2018
79 Mongolia 68.45 2018
80 Latvia 68.14 2018
81 Panama 67.71 2018
82 Lithuania 67.68 2018
83 Congo 66.92 2018
84 Montenegro 66.81 2018
85 Cyprus 66.81 2018
86 South Africa 66.36 2018
87 Suriname 66.06 2018
88 Cabo Verde 65.73 2018
89 Angola 65.51 2018
90 Portugal 65.21 2018
91 Ecuador 63.82 2018
92 Ireland 63.17 2018
93 Armenia 63.15 2018
94 Morocco 62.45 2018
95 Tuvalu 62.39 2018
96 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 61.90 2018
97 Paraguay 61.59 2018
98 The Gambia 61.27 2018
99 Albania 60.32 2018
100 Poland 60.06 2018
101 China 59.15 2018
102 Georgia 58.63 2018
103 Nicaragua 58.52 2018
104 Austria 58.30 2018
105 North Macedonia 57.96 2018
106 Kazakhstan 57.43 2018
107 Honduras 57.10 2018
108 Croatia 56.95 2018
109 Seychelles 56.69 2018
110 Cameroon 56.37 2018
111 Fiji 56.25 2018
112 Serbia 56.09 2018
113 Ghana 56.06 2018
114 Azerbaijan 55.68 2018
115 Jamaica 55.67 2018
116 Indonesia 55.33 2018
117 Haiti 55.28 2018
118 Slovenia 54.54 2018
119 Syrian Arab Republic 54.16 2018
120 Kiribati 54.06 2018
121 Romania 54.00 2018
122 Slovak Republic 53.73 2018
123 Mauritania 53.67 2018
124 Trinidad and Tobago 53.18 2018
125 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 52.20 2018
126 Turkmenistan 51.59 2018
127 Liberia 51.15 2018
128 Guatemala 51.05 2018
129 Côte d'Ivoire 50.78 2018
130 Uzbekistan 50.48 2018
131 Nigeria 50.34 2018
132 Namibia 50.03 2018
133 Thailand 49.95 2018
134 Bosnia and Herzegovina 48.25 2018
135 Benin 47.31 2018
136 Senegal 47.19 2018
137 Philippines 46.91 2018
138 Belize 45.72 2018
139 Somalia 44.97 2018
140 Dem. Rep. Congo 44.46 2018
141 Zambia 43.52 2018
142 Guinea-Bissau 43.36 2018
143 Egypt 42.70 2018
144 Moldova 42.63 2018
145 Mali 42.36 2018
146 Sierra Leone 42.06 2018
147 Togo 41.70 2018
148 Central African Republic 41.36 2018
149 Bhutan 40.90 2018
150 Mauritius 40.79 2018
151 Madagascar 37.19 2018
152 Pakistan 36.67 2018
153 Yemen 36.64 2018
154 Bangladesh 36.63 2018
155 Kyrgyz Republic 36.35 2018
156 Grenada 36.27 2018
157 Guinea 36.14 2018
158 Mozambique 35.99 2018
159 Vietnam 35.92 2018
160 Eritrea 35.77 2011
161 Lao PDR 35.00 2018
162 Sudan 34.64 2018
163 India 34.03 2018
164 Tanzania 33.78 2018
165 Zimbabwe 32.21 2018
166 Barbados 31.15 2018
167 St. Kitts and Nevis 30.78 2018
168 Myanmar 30.58 2018
169 Timor-Leste 30.58 2018
170 Burkina Faso 29.36 2018
171 Comoros 28.97 2018
172 Lesotho 28.15 2018
173 Tajikistan 27.13 2018
174 Kenya 27.03 2018
175 Guyana 26.61 2018
176 Afghanistan 25.50 2018
177 Vanuatu 25.27 2018
178 Antigua and Barbuda 24.60 2018
179 Eswatini 23.80 2018
180 Uganda 23.77 2018
181 Solomon Islands 23.75 2018
182 Cambodia 23.39 2018
183 Tonga 23.13 2018
184 Chad 23.06 2018
185 Ethiopia 20.76 2018
186 Nepal 19.74 2018
187 St. Lucia 18.68 2018
188 Sri Lanka 18.48 2018
189 Samoa 18.24 2018
190 Rwanda 17.21 2018
191 Malawi 16.94 2018
192 Niger 16.43 2018
193 Liechtenstein 14.34 2018
194 Papua New Guinea 13.17 2018
195 Burundi 13.03 2018

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Development Relevance: Explosive growth of cities globally signifies the demographic transition from rural to urban, and is associated with shifts from an agriculture-based economy to mass industry, technology, and service. In principle, cities offer a more favorable setting for the resolution of social and environmental problems than rural areas. Cities generate jobs and income, and deliver education, health care and other services. Cities also present opportunities for social mobilization and women's empowerment.

Limitations and Exceptions: Aggregation of urban and rural population may not add up to total population because of different country coverage. There is no consistent and universally accepted standard for distinguishing urban from rural areas, in part because of the wide variety of situations across countries. Most countries use an urban classification related to the size or characteristics of settlements. Some define urban areas based on the presence of certain infrastructure and services. And other countries designate urban areas based on administrative arrangements. Because of national differences in the characteristics that distinguish urban from rural areas, the distinction between urban and rural population is not amenable to a single definition that would be applicable to all countries. Estimates of the world's urban population would change significantly if China, India, and a few other populous nations were to change their definition of urban centers. Because the estimates of city and metropolitan area are based on national definitions of what constitutes a city or metropolitan area, cross-country comparisons should be made with caution.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Urban population refers to people living in urban areas as defined by national statistical offices. The indicator is calculated using World Bank population estimates and urban ratios from the United Nations World Urbanization Prospects. Percentages urban are the numbers of persons residing in an area defined as ''urban'' per 100 total population. They are calculated by the Statistics Division of the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs. Particular caution should be used in interpreting the figures for percentage urban for different countries. Countries differ in the way they classify population as "urban" or "rural." The population of a city or metropolitan area depends on the boundaries chosen.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual