Employment to population ratio, 15+, male (%) (national estimate) - Country Ranking

Definition: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Employment is defined as persons of working age who, during a short reference period, were engaged in any activity to produce goods or provide services for pay or profit, whether at work during the reference period (i.e. who worked in a job for at least one hour) or not at work due to temporary absence from a job, or to working-time arrangements. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database. Data retrieved in December 2019.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Qatar 95.90 2018
2 United Arab Emirates 91.84 2018
3 Madagascar 87.63 2015
4 Cambodia 87.55 2016
5 Solomon Islands 87.29 2013
6 Kuwait 87.02 2016
7 Ethiopia 86.93 2013
8 Bahrain 86.80 2015
9 Tanzania 86.74 2014
10 Zimbabwe 85.57 2014
11 Niger 85.47 2014
12 Cuba 84.40 2013
13 Guatemala 83.60 2017
14 Iceland 83.09 2018
15 San Marino 82.42 2016
16 Cayman Islands 81.82 2015
17 Oman 81.60 2018
18 Honduras 80.26 2018
19 Nicaragua 80.15 2014
20 Vietnam 80.00 2018
21 Paraguay 79.97 2018
22 Liberia 79.19 2016
23 Indonesia 78.42 2018
24 Bangladesh 78.00 2017
25 Mozambique 77.57 2015
26 Bolivia 77.53 2018
27 Malaysia 77.45 2017
28 Chad 77.20 1993
29 Pakistan 77.17 2018
30 Ecuador 76.97 2018
31 Myanmar 76.47 2018
32 Saudi Arabia 76.42 2018
33 Burundi 76.39 2017
34 Mali 76.11 2018
35 Macao SAR, China 76.08 2016
36 Thailand 75.93 2018
37 Belize 75.83 2017
38 Kenya 75.50 2016
39 Cameroon 75.13 2014
40 Vanuatu 74.96 2009
41 Panama 74.91 2018
42 Mexico 74.90 2018
43 Colombia 74.78 2018
44 Fiji 74.15 2016
45 Peru 74.12 2018
46 El Salvador 73.63 2018
47 Nauru 73.19 2013
48 Dominican Republic 73.09 2017
49 New Zealand 72.85 2018
50 Singapore 72.83 2018
51 Venezuela 72.69 2013
52 Benin 72.58 2011
53 Palau 72.50 2014
54 Sri Lanka 72.40 2017
55 Uzbekistan 72.30 2017
56 Kazakhstan 72.05 2008
57 Antigua and Barbuda 72.02 2001
58 Burkina Faso 71.78 2014
59 Belarus 71.60 2018
60 Kyrgyz Republic 71.11 2018
61 Switzerland 71.00 2018
62 Philippines 70.94 2018
63 Korea 70.92 2018
64 Sweden 70.68 2018
65 India 70.65 2018
66 Timor-Leste 70.18 2016
67 Bhutan 69.87 2015
68 Mauritius 69.64 2018
69 Suriname 69.38 2015
70 Japan 69.32 2018
71 St. Kitts and Nevis 68.77 2001
72 Seychelles 68.40 2018
73 Costa Rica 68.04 2018
74 Tuvalu 67.90 2016
75 The Bahamas 67.82 2012
76 Russia 67.82 2018
77 Grenada 67.70 1998
78 Syrian Arab Republic 67.68 2010
79 Malta 67.53 2018
80 Czech Republic 67.49 2018
81 Estonia 67.44 2018
82 Australia 67.21 2018
83 Uruguay 67.18 2018
84 Netherlands 67.01 2018
85 Azerbaijan 66.80 2018
86 Trinidad and Tobago 66.76 2016
87 United States 66.33 2018
88 Liechtenstein 66.20 2017
89 Dem. Rep. Congo 66.08 2012
90 Hong Kong SAR, China 66.07 2016
91 Chile 66.02 2018
92 Haiti 65.92 2012
93 Turkey 65.70 2018
94 Jamaica 65.66 2018
95 United Kingdom 65.58 2018
96 Afghanistan 65.58 2017
97 Israel 65.49 2018
98 Canada 65.36 2018
99 Argentina 65.18 2018
100 Iraq 64.98 2017
101 Morocco 64.76 2016
102 Brazil 64.67 2018
103 Ireland 64.56 2018
104 Germany 64.25 2018
105 Iran 64.19 2018
106 The Gambia 64.01 2012
107 Barbados 63.98 2016
108 Côte d'Ivoire 63.78 2017
109 Austria 63.74 2018
110 Mongolia 63.70 2018
111 Norway 63.68 2018
112 Slovak Republic 63.65 2018
113 Hungary 63.47 2018
114 Denmark 63.43 2018
115 Georgia 63.36 2018
116 Botswana 63.13 2013
117 St. Lucia 63.02 2016
118 Greenland 63.00 2015
119 Lithuania 62.95 2018
120 Brunei 62.83 2017
121 Latvia 62.63 2018
122 Guinea 62.60 2002
123 Poland 62.45 2018
124 Cyprus 62.38 2018
125 Ukraine 62.11 2018
126 Guyana 62.07 2017
127 Romania 61.88 2018
128 Dominica 61.84 2001
129 Sudan 61.39 2011
130 Egypt 61.37 2017
131 Lebanon 61.18 2007
132 Slovenia 61.04 2018
133 Luxembourg 60.53 2018
134 Tunisia 60.25 2015
135 Portugal 60.18 2018
136 Algeria 60.01 2017
137 New Caledonia 59.58 2014
138 Finland 58.48 2018
139 Bulgaria 58.41 2018
140 Armenia 57.93 2017
141 Mauritania 57.48 2012
142 Lesotho 57.42 2013
143 Yemen 57.34 2014
144 Monaco 57.07 2016
145 Albania 57.06 2017
146 Uganda 56.85 2017
147 Ghana 56.45 2017
148 Congo 56.32 2005
149 Serbia 55.34 2018
150 Belgium 55.33 2018
151 Spain 54.98 2018
152 France 54.90 2018
153 Cabo Verde 54.59 2018
154 Montenegro 54.48 2018
155 Sierra Leone 54.43 2014
156 Senegal 54.30 2015
157 Jordan 53.70 2014
158 Italy 53.60 2018
159 Rwanda 53.32 2018
160 Comoros 53.20 2014
161 North Macedonia 53.10 2018
162 Croatia 53.01 2018
163 Nigeria 53.00 2016
164 Libya 51.30 2012
165 Greece 50.80 2018
166 Gabon 49.77 2010
167 Namibia 49.45 2018
168 Samoa 49.15 2017
169 Tajikistan 48.70 2016
170 Nepal 48.29 2017
171 Togo 48.05 2015
172 Papua New Guinea 47.67 2010
173 Malawi 47.35 2017
174 Kiribati 46.94 2015
175 South Africa 46.68 2018
176 Angola 46.62 2014
177 Tonga 44.66 2003
178 Moldova 44.21 2018
179 Bosnia and Herzegovina 44.13 2019
180 Eswatini 44.10 2016
181 Puerto Rico 42.40 2015
182 Lao PDR 40.35 2017
183 Zambia 40.31 2017
184 São Tomé and Principe 36.96 2006

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Development Relevance: Four targets were added to the UN Millennium Declaration at the 2005 World Summit High-Level Plenary Meeting of the 60th Session of the UN General Assembly. One was full and productive employment and decent work for all, which is seen as the main route for people to escape poverty. Employment to population ratio is a key measure to monitor whether a country is on track to achieve the Millennium Development Goal of eradicating extreme poverty and hunger by 2015. And it continues to be a priority in the Sustainable Development Goal of promoting sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all.

Limitations and Exceptions: Data on employment by status are drawn from labor force surveys and household surveys, supplemented by official estimates and censuses for a small group of countries. The labor force survey is the most comprehensive source for internationally comparable employment, but there are still some limitations for comparing data across countries and over time even within a country. Comparability of employment ratios across countries is affected by variations in definitions of employment and population. The biggest difference results from the age range used to define labor force activity. The population base for employment ratios can also vary. Most countries use the resident, non-institutionalized population of working age living in private households, which excludes members of the armed forces and individuals residing in mental, penal, or other types of institutions. But some countries include members of the armed forces in the population base of their employment ratio while excluding them from employment data. The reference period of a census or survey is another important source of differences: in some countries data refer to people's status on the day of the census or survey or during a specific period before the inquiry date, while in others data are recorded without reference to any period. Employment ratios tend to vary during the year as seasonal workers enter and leave. This indicator also has a gender bias because women who do not consider their work employment or who are not perceived as working tend to be undercounted. This bias has different effects across countries and reflects demographic, social, legal, and cultural trends and norms.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The employment to population ratio indicates how efficiently an economy provides jobs for people who want to work. A high ratio means that a large proportion of the population is employed. But a lower employment to population ratio can be seen as a positive sign, especially for young people, if it is caused by an increase in their education.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: The series for ILO estimates is also available in the WDI database. Caution should be used when comparing ILO estimates with national estimates.