Employment to population ratio, 15+, male (%) (national estimate) - Country Ranking

Definition: Employment to population ratio is the proportion of a country's population that is employed. Employment is defined as persons of working age who, during a short reference period, were engaged in any activity to produce goods or provide services for pay or profit, whether at work during the reference period (i.e. who worked in a job for at least one hour) or not at work due to temporary absence from a job, or to working-time arrangements. Ages 15 and older are generally considered the working-age population.

Source: International Labour Organization, ILOSTAT database. Data retrieved in November 2017.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Qatar 99.90 2016
2 Niger 90.30 2011
3 Cambodia 87.80 2014
4 Madagascar 87.60 2015
5 Uganda 87.00 2013
6 Ethiopia 86.90 2013
7 United Arab Emirates 86.80 2009
7 Bahrain 86.80 2015
9 Tanzania 86.70 2014
10 Zimbabwe 85.60 2014
11 Kuwait 85.30 2011
12 Iceland 85.20 2016
13 Cuba 84.40 2013
14 Nepal 84.20 2014
15 Rwanda 82.50 2014
16 San Marino 82.40 2016
17 Oman 82.10 2016
18 Guatemala 82.00 2016
19 Cayman Islands 81.80 2015
20 Zambia 80.80 2000
21 Mozambique 80.40 2015
22 Nicaragua 80.20 2014
23 Vietnam 79.80 2016
24 Myanmar 79.70 2015
25 Bangladesh 79.40 2016
26 Malawi 79.30 2013
27 Lao PDR 79.20 2010
28 Honduras 78.10 2016
29 Belarus 78.00 2015
29 Indonesia 78.00 2016
31 Togo 77.90 2011
32 Bolivia 77.80 2015
33 Malaysia 77.70 2016
34 Ecuador 77.50 2016
34 Pakistan 77.50 2015
36 Ghana 77.40 2013
37 India 77.20 2012
38 Thailand 77.10 2016
39 Belize 76.40 2016
39 Burundi 76.40 2014
41 Macao SAR, China 76.10 2016
42 Colombia 75.60 2016
43 Vanuatu 75.00 2009
43 Peru 75.00 2016
45 Panama 74.90 2016
45 Afghanistan 74.90 2011
47 Mali 74.80 2016
48 Mexico 74.70 2016
49 Angola 74.40 2011
50 El Salvador 73.60 2016
51 Singapore 73.30 2016
52 Venezuela 73.20 2015
53 Philippines 73.10 2016
54 Sri Lanka 72.90 2016
55 St. Kitts and Nevis 72.70 1991
56 Benin 72.60 2011
56 Seychelles 72.60 2015
58 Fiji 72.20 2014
59 Kazakhstan 72.00 2008
59 Antigua and Barbuda 72.00 2001
61 Burkina Faso 71.70 2014
61 New Zealand 71.70 2016
63 Guyana 71.20 2002
64 Russia 71.10 2015
64 Dominican Republic 71.10 2016
66 Korea 71.00 2016
67 Switzerland 70.90 2016
68 Mauritius 70.70 2016
68 Kyrgyz Republic 70.70 2016
70 Bhutan 69.90 2015
71 Kenya 69.50 1999
72 Suriname 69.40 2015
73 Côte d'Ivoire 69.30 2016
74 Trinidad and Tobago 69.20 2015
75 Tajikistan 69.10 2004
75 Paraguay 69.10 2016
77 Sweden 69.00 2016
78 Uruguay 68.90 2016
79 Japan 68.10 2016
80 Brunei 67.90 2014
81 Argentina 67.80 2014
81 The Bahamas 67.80 2012
83 Syrian Arab Republic 67.70 2010
84 Georgia 67.10 2016
85 Chile 66.90 2016
86 Australia 66.60 2016
86 Costa Rica 66.60 2016
86 Azerbaijan 66.60 2016
89 Liechtenstein 66.40 2016
89 Hong Kong SAR, China 66.40 2015
91 Czech Republic 66.10 2016
92 Israel 65.90 2016
93 United States 65.80 2016
93 Netherlands 65.80 2016
93 Brazil 65.80 2016
96 Morocco 65.70 2014
97 Estonia 65.30 2016
98 United Kingdom 65.20 2016
99 Turkey 65.10 2016
100 Canada 64.90 2016
101 Tuvalu 64.80 2002
102 Jamaica 64.30 2016
103 Malta 64.20 2016
104 The Gambia 64.00 2012
104 Barbados 64.00 2016
106 Denmark 63.90 2016
107 Germany 63.60 2016
108 Egypt 63.50 2016
109 Norway 63.30 2016
110 Botswana 63.10 2013
111 Iran 63.00 2016
111 St. Lucia 63.00 2016
111 Greenland 63.00 2015
114 Guinea 62.60 2002
115 Austria 62.50 2016
116 Ukraine 62.20 2015
117 Slovak Republic 62.10 2016
118 Iraq 62.00 2004
119 Solomon Islands 61.90 2009
120 Dominica 61.80 2001
121 Ireland 61.40 2016
122 Lebanon 61.20 2007
123 Hungary 61.00 2016
123 Algeria 61.00 2016
125 Poland 60.90 2016
126 Luxembourg 60.40 2016
127 Tunisia 60.30 2015
128 Palau 60.20 2000
129 Lithuania 60.00 2016
130 Latvia 59.80 2016
131 New Caledonia 59.60 2014
132 Mongolia 59.50 2016
133 Romania 59.40 2016
133 Liberia 59.40 2010
135 Armenia 58.40 2016
136 Cyprus 58.20 2016
137 Mauritania 58.00 2012
138 Lesotho 57.40 2013
138 Grenada 57.40 1988
140 Yemen 57.30 2014
141 Monaco 57.10 2016
141 Portugal 57.10 2016
143 Finland 56.80 2016
144 Nigeria 56.70 2013
144 Slovenia 56.70 2016
146 Congo 56.30 2005
147 Bulgaria 54.60 2016
148 France 54.40 2016
148 Sierra Leone 54.40 2014
150 Senegal 54.30 2015
151 Belgium 54.00 2016
152 Jordan 53.70 2014
153 Cameroon 53.50 2014
154 Albania 53.30 2015
155 Serbia 52.80 2016
155 Italy 52.80 2016
157 Spain 52.60 2016
158 Namibia 51.60 2016
159 Swaziland 51.40 1995
160 Libya 51.30 2012
161 Macedonia 51.10 2016
162 Croatia 50.50 2016
162 Montenegro 50.50 2016
164 Gabon 49.80 2010
165 Comoros 48.50 2004
166 Kiribati 48.30 2010
167 Greece 47.90 2016
168 Papua New Guinea 47.70 2010
169 South Africa 47.00 2016
170 Djibouti 45.40 2002
171 Tonga 44.70 2003
172 Haiti 44.40 2003
173 Uzbekistan 44.00 2007
174 Saudi Arabia 43.50 2016
175 Moldova 43.00 2016
176 Puerto Rico 42.40 2015
177 Bosnia and Herzegovina 41.10 2016
178 São Tomé and Principe 37.00 2006
179 Samoa 36.80 2014
180 Timor-Leste 35.20 2013

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Development Relevance: Four targets were added to the UN Millennium Declaration at the 2005 World Summit High-Level Plenary Meeting of the 60th Session of the UN General Assembly. One was full and productive employment and decent work for all, which is seen as the main route for people to escape poverty. Employment to population ratio is a key measure to monitor whether a country is on track to achieve the Millennium Development Goal of eradicating extreme poverty and hunger by 2015. And it continues to be a priority in the Sustainable Development Goal of promoting sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all.

Limitations and Exceptions: Data on employment by status are drawn from labor force surveys and household surveys, supplemented by official estimates and censuses for a small group of countries. The labor force survey is the most comprehensive source for internationally comparable employment, but there are still some limitations for comparing data across countries and over time even within a country. Comparability of employment ratios across countries is affected by variations in definitions of employment and population. The biggest difference results from the age range used to define labor force activity. The population base for employment ratios can also vary. Most countries use the resident, non-institutionalized population of working age living in private households, which excludes members of the armed forces and individuals residing in mental, penal, or other types of institutions. But some countries include members of the armed forces in the population base of their employment ratio while excluding them from employment data. The reference period of a census or survey is another important source of differences: in some countries data refer to people's status on the day of the census or survey or during a specific period before the inquiry date, while in others data are recorded without reference to any period. Employment ratios tend to vary during the year as seasonal workers enter and leave. This indicator also has a gender bias because women who do not consider their work employment or who are not perceived as working tend to be undercounted. This bias has different effects across countries and reflects demographic, social, legal, and cultural trends and norms.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: The employment to population ratio indicates how efficiently an economy provides jobs for people who want to work. A high ratio means that a large proportion of the population is employed. But a lower employment to population ratio can be seen as a positive sign, especially for young people, if it is caused by an increase in their education.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: The series for ILO estimates is also available in the WDI database. Caution should be used when comparing ILO estimates with national estimates.