School enrollment, tertiary (% gross) - Country Ranking

Definition: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Tertiary education, whether or not to an advanced research qualification, normally requires, as a minimum condition of admission, the successful completion of education at the secondary level.

Source: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Greece 113.87 2014
2 Turkey 94.73 2015
3 Korea 93.18 2015
4 Grenada 91.15 2015
5 Australia 90.31 2014
6 Spain 89.67 2015
7 Chile 88.58 2015
8 Belarus 87.94 2015
9 Finland 87.29 2015
10 United States 85.80 2015
11 Puerto Rico 84.38 2014
12 New Zealand 83.93 2015
13 Ireland 83.78 2015
14 Slovenia 82.93 2014
15 Argentina 82.92 2014
16 Denmark 82.79 2015
17 Ukraine 82.31 2014
18 Austria 81.54 2015
19 Iceland 81.26 2013
20 Russia 80.39 2015
21 St. Kitts and Nevis 79.56 2015
22 Netherlands 78.50 2012
23 Venezuela 76.98 2009
24 Norway 76.70 2015
25 Macao SAR, China 75.60 2015
26 Belgium 75.04 2015
27 Bulgaria 73.93 2015
28 Iran 71.88 2015
29 Estonia 69.55 2015
30 Croatia 69.05 2015
31 Mongolia 68.57 2015
32 Lithuania 68.53 2014
33 Hong Kong SAR, China 68.48 2015
34 Germany 68.27 2015
35 Poland 68.11 2014
36 Latvia 67.04 2014
37 Barbados 65.43 2011
38 Czech Republic 64.97 2015
39 Israel 64.75 2015
40 France 64.39 2014
41 Japan 63.36 2014
42 Saudi Arabia 63.07 2015
43 Italy 62.50 2015
44 Sweden 62.30 2015
45 Portugal 61.87 2015
46 Palau 61.86 2013
47 Libya 61.14 2003
48 Cyprus 60.10 2015
49 San Marino 59.85 2012
50 Canada 58.88 2000
51 Serbia 58.29 2015
52 Albania 58.11 2015
53 Switzerland 57.67 2015
54 United Kingdom 56.48 2014
55 Colombia 55.66 2015
56 Uruguay 55.57 2015
57 Montenegro 55.34 2010
58 Costa Rica 53.63 2015
59 Romania 53.22 2015
60 Slovak Republic 52.92 2014
61 Hungary 50.86 2015
62 Brazil 50.60 2015
63 Dominican Republic 50.12 2015
64 Thailand 48.86 2015
65 Malta 47.42 2015
66 Kyrgyz Republic 46.90 2015
67 Kazakhstan 46.26 2016
68 Jordan 44.87 2015
69 Armenia 44.31 2015
70 Syrian Arab Republic 44.05 2015
71 Georgia 43.42 2015
72 China 43.39 2015
73 Bahrain 43.26 2015
74 Macedonia 42.06 2015
75 Moldova 41.21 2015
76 Peru 40.51 2010
77 Ecuador 40.48 2013
78 Panama 38.74 2013
79 Lebanon 38.48 2015
80 Bolivia 38.39 2007
81 Algeria 36.92 2015
82 Mauritius 36.67 2015
83 Cuba 36.28 2015
84 Egypt 36.23 2015
85 Philippines 35.75 2014
86 Paraguay 35.08 2010
87 Tunisia 34.61 2015
88 Liechtenstein 33.54 2015
89 Brunei 30.84 2015
90 Mexico 29.94 2014
91 El Salvador 29.13 2015
92 Tajikistan 28.89 2016
93 Vietnam 28.84 2015
94 Morocco 28.14 2015
95 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 28.06 2015
96 Jamaica 27.22 2015
97 Kuwait 27.03 2013
98 India 26.87 2015
99 Malaysia 26.07 2015
100 Azerbaijan 25.48 2015
101 Indonesia 24.25 2015
102 Antigua and Barbuda 23.49 2012
103 Botswana 23.43 2016
104 Belize 23.29 2015
105 Bosnia and Herzegovina 22.11 2002
106 Honduras 22.06 2015
107 Guatemala 21.85 2015
108 Cabo Verde 21.71 2015
109 Sri Lanka 19.80 2015
110 Luxembourg 19.41 2012
111 South Africa 19.38 2014
112 Timor-Leste 18.15 2010
113 Nicaragua 17.73 2002
114 Cameroon 17.48 2015
115 Lao PDR 16.91 2015
116 St. Lucia 16.77 2015
117 Sudan 16.32 2014
118 Ghana 16.23 2015
119 Fiji 16.14 2005
120 Iraq 16.06 2005
121 Benin 15.36 2013
122 The Bahamas 15.05 1995
123 Nepal 14.94 2015
124 Qatar 14.52 2015
125 Seychelles 14.26 2015
126 Myanmar 13.53 2012
127 Bangladesh 13.44 2014
128 São Tomé and Principe 13.41 2015
129 Cambodia 13.09 2015
130 Suriname 12.65 2002
131 Guyana 12.48 2012
132 Trinidad and Tobago 11.95 2004
133 Liberia 11.64 2012
134 Bhutan 10.93 2013
135 Guinea 10.85 2014
136 Togo 10.63 2015
137 Senegal 10.39 2015
138 Nigeria 10.07 2011
139 Yemen 9.97 2011
140 Pakistan 9.93 2015
141 Lesotho 9.84 2014
142 Congo 9.72 2013
143 Namibia 9.33 2008
144 Angola 9.31 2015
145 Côte d'Ivoire 9.16 2015
146 Uzbekistan 9.09 2016
147 Comoros 8.93 2014
148 Afghanistan 8.66 2014
149 Gabon 8.44 2003
150 Zimbabwe 8.43 2015
151 Ethiopia 8.13 2014
152 Turkmenistan 7.98 2014
153 Rwanda 7.96 2016
154 Oman 7.78 1998
155 Samoa 7.56 2000
156 Dominica 7.22 1993
157 Mali 6.87 2012
158 Dem. Rep. Congo 6.64 2013
159 Singapore 6.48 1970
160 Mozambique 6.39 2015
161 Tonga 6.35 2003
162 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 6.17 1990
163 United Arab Emirates 6.11 1993
164 Burkina Faso 5.56 2016
165 Mauritania 5.34 2016
166 Swaziland 5.33 2013
167 Djibouti 4.99 2011
168 Burundi 4.97 2014
169 Madagascar 4.78 2014
170 Uganda 4.76 2014
171 Vanuatu 4.74 2004
172 Kenya 4.05 2009
173 Zambia 3.98 2012
174 Tanzania 3.65 2013
175 Chad 3.45 2014
176 Equatorial Guinea 3.23 2000
177 The Gambia 3.10 2012
178 Somalia 2.78 1987
179 Central African Republic 2.77 2012
180 Eritrea 2.57 2014
181 Guinea-Bissau 2.50 2006
182 Sierra Leone 2.17 2002
183 Papua New Guinea 1.89 1999
184 Niger 1.71 2012
185 Haiti 1.03 1986
186 Malawi 0.80 2011

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Development Relevance: Gross enrollment ratios indicate the capacity of each level of the education system, but a high ratio may reflect a substantial number of overage children enrolled in each grade because of repetition or late entry rather than a successful education system. The net enrollment rate excludes overage and underage students and more accurately captures the system's coverage and internal efficiency. Differences between the gross enrollment ratio and the net enrollment rate show the incidence of overage and underage enrollments.

Limitations and Exceptions: Enrollment indicators are based on annual school surveys, but do not necessarily reflect actual attendance or dropout rates during the year. Also, the length of education differs across countries and can influence enrollment rates, although the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) tries to minimize the difference. For example, a shorter duration for primary education tends to increase the rate; a longer one to decrease it (in part because older children are more at risk of dropping out). Moreover, age at enrollment may be inaccurately estimated or misstated, especially in communities where registration of births is not strictly enforced.

Other Notes: Each economy is classified based on the classification of World Bank Group's fiscal year 2017 (July 1, 2016-June 30, 2017).

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Gross enrollment ratio for tertiary school is calculated by dividing the number of students enrolled in tertiary education regardless of age by the population of the age group which officially corresponds to tertiary education, and multiplying by 100. Data on education are collected by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics from official responses to its annual education survey. All the data are mapped to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) to ensure the comparability of education programs at the international level. The current version was formally adopted by UNESCO Member States in 2011. Population data are drawn from the United Nations Population Division. Using a single source for population data standardizes definitions, estimations, and interpolation methods, ensuring a consistent methodology across countries and minimizing potential enumeration problems in national censuses. The reference years reflect the school year for which the data are presented. In some countries the school year spans two calendar years (for example, from September 2010 to June 2011); in these cases the reference year refers to the year in which the school year ended (2011 in the example).

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual