School enrollment, tertiary (% gross) - Country Ranking - Europe

Definition: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Tertiary education, whether or not to an advanced research qualification, normally requires, as a minimum condition of admission, the successful completion of education at the secondary level.

Source: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Greece 113.87 2014
2 Turkey 94.73 2015
3 Spain 89.67 2015
4 Belarus 87.94 2015
5 Finland 87.29 2015
6 Ireland 83.78 2015
7 Slovenia 82.93 2014
8 Denmark 82.79 2015
9 Ukraine 82.31 2014
10 Austria 81.54 2015
11 Iceland 81.26 2013
12 Netherlands 78.50 2012
13 Norway 76.70 2015
14 Belgium 75.04 2015
15 Bulgaria 73.93 2015
16 Estonia 69.55 2015
17 Croatia 69.05 2015
18 Lithuania 68.53 2014
19 Germany 68.27 2015
20 Poland 68.11 2014
21 Latvia 67.04 2014
22 Czech Republic 64.97 2015
23 France 64.39 2014
24 Italy 62.50 2015
25 Sweden 62.30 2015
26 Portugal 61.87 2015
27 Cyprus 60.10 2015
28 San Marino 59.85 2012
29 Serbia 58.29 2015
30 Albania 58.11 2015
31 Switzerland 57.67 2015
32 United Kingdom 56.48 2014
33 Montenegro 55.34 2010
34 Romania 53.22 2015
35 Slovak Republic 52.92 2014
36 Hungary 50.86 2015
37 Malta 47.42 2015
38 Macedonia 42.06 2015
39 Moldova 41.21 2015
40 Liechtenstein 33.54 2015
41 Bosnia and Herzegovina 22.11 2002
42 Luxembourg 19.41 2012

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Development Relevance: Gross enrollment ratios indicate the capacity of each level of the education system, but a high ratio may reflect a substantial number of overage children enrolled in each grade because of repetition or late entry rather than a successful education system. The net enrollment rate excludes overage and underage students and more accurately captures the system's coverage and internal efficiency. Differences between the gross enrollment ratio and the net enrollment rate show the incidence of overage and underage enrollments.

Limitations and Exceptions: Enrollment indicators are based on annual school surveys, but do not necessarily reflect actual attendance or dropout rates during the year. Also, the length of education differs across countries and can influence enrollment rates, although the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) tries to minimize the difference. For example, a shorter duration for primary education tends to increase the rate; a longer one to decrease it (in part because older children are more at risk of dropping out). Moreover, age at enrollment may be inaccurately estimated or misstated, especially in communities where registration of births is not strictly enforced.

Other Notes: Each economy is classified based on the classification of World Bank Group's fiscal year 2017 (July 1, 2016-June 30, 2017).

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Gross enrollment ratio for tertiary school is calculated by dividing the number of students enrolled in tertiary education regardless of age by the population of the age group which officially corresponds to tertiary education, and multiplying by 100. Data on education are collected by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics from official responses to its annual education survey. All the data are mapped to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) to ensure the comparability of education programs at the international level. The current version was formally adopted by UNESCO Member States in 2011. Population data are drawn from the United Nations Population Division. Using a single source for population data standardizes definitions, estimations, and interpolation methods, ensuring a consistent methodology across countries and minimizing potential enumeration problems in national censuses. The reference years reflect the school year for which the data are presented. In some countries the school year spans two calendar years (for example, from September 2010 to June 2011); in these cases the reference year refers to the year in which the school year ended (2011 in the example).

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual