Spain - School enrollment, tertiary (% gross)

The value for School enrollment, tertiary (% gross) in Spain was 89.67 as of 2015. As the graph below shows, over the past 44 years this indicator reached a maximum value of 89.67 in 2015 and a minimum value of 8.67 in 1971.

Definition: Gross enrollment ratio is the ratio of total enrollment, regardless of age, to the population of the age group that officially corresponds to the level of education shown. Tertiary education, whether or not to an advanced research qualification, normally requires, as a minimum condition of admission, the successful completion of education at the secondary level.

Source: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.

See also:

Year Value
1971 8.67
1972 9.65
1973 14.12
1974 15.38
1975 16.81
1976 19.46
1977 20.30
1978 22.45
1979 20.80
1980 21.99
1981 22.02
1982 22.46
1983 23.10
1984 24.79
1985 26.13
1986 28.55
1987 29.87
1988 31.76
1989 33.73
1990 35.59
1991 37.08
1992 39.33
1993 41.24
1994 44.11
1995 45.80
1996 47.75
1997 50.63
1998 52.91
1999 55.11
2000 57.81
2001 59.87
2002 61.69
2003 64.09
2004 66.23
2005 67.30
2006 68.69
2007 69.70
2008 71.33
2009 73.73
2010 78.67
2011 83.42
2012 85.55
2013 87.07
2014 89.07
2015 89.67

Development Relevance: Gross enrollment ratios indicate the capacity of each level of the education system, but a high ratio may reflect a substantial number of overage children enrolled in each grade because of repetition or late entry rather than a successful education system. The net enrollment rate excludes overage and underage students and more accurately captures the system's coverage and internal efficiency. Differences between the gross enrollment ratio and the net enrollment rate show the incidence of overage and underage enrollments.

Limitations and Exceptions: Enrollment indicators are based on annual school surveys, but do not necessarily reflect actual attendance or dropout rates during the year. Also, the length of education differs across countries and can influence enrollment rates, although the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) tries to minimize the difference. For example, a shorter duration for primary education tends to increase the rate; a longer one to decrease it (in part because older children are more at risk of dropping out). Moreover, age at enrollment may be inaccurately estimated or misstated, especially in communities where registration of births is not strictly enforced.

Other Notes: Each economy is classified based on the classification of World Bank Group's fiscal year 2017 (July 1, 2016-June 30, 2017).

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Gross enrollment ratio for tertiary school is calculated by dividing the number of students enrolled in tertiary education regardless of age by the population of the age group which officially corresponds to tertiary education, and multiplying by 100. Data on education are collected by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics from official responses to its annual education survey. All the data are mapped to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) to ensure the comparability of education programs at the international level. The current version was formally adopted by UNESCO Member States in 2011. Population data are drawn from the United Nations Population Division. Using a single source for population data standardizes definitions, estimations, and interpolation methods, ensuring a consistent methodology across countries and minimizing potential enumeration problems in national censuses. The reference years reflect the school year for which the data are presented. In some countries the school year spans two calendar years (for example, from September 2010 to June 2011); in these cases the reference year refers to the year in which the school year ended (2011 in the example).

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual


Topic: Education Indicators

Sub-Topic: Participation