Repeaters, primary, male (% of male enrollment) - Country Ranking

Definition: Repeaters in primary school are the number of students enrolled in the same grade as in the previous year, as a percentage of all students enrolled in primary school.

Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (http://uis.unesco.org/)

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Gabon 35.13 2003
2 Madagascar 27.30 2018
3 Burundi 27.12 2018
4 Congo 24.78 2012
5 Brazil 24.04 1999
6 Central African Republic 22.48 2016
7 Mali 19.95 2017
8 Malawi 19.76 2014
9 Equatorial Guinea 19.57 2015
10 Suriname 19.08 2018
11 Iraq 18.81 2007
12 Comoros 17.38 2017
13 Vanuatu 17.31 2013
14 Haiti 17.14 1997
15 Chad 16.53 2016
16 Portugal 16.34 1991
17 Eswatini 15.64 2017
18 Timor-Leste 15.47 2018
19 Benin 15.40 2018
20 Rwanda 14.54 2018
21 São Tomé and Principe 14.44 2017
22 Tunisia 14.11 2017
23 Guinea-Bissau 13.93 2010
24 France 13.31 1972
25 Cameroon 12.53 2018
26 Morocco 12.43 2018
27 Guinea 11.34 2016
28 Côte d'Ivoire 11.25 2017
29 Libya 10.77 1983
30 Lesotho 10.74 2016
31 South Africa 10.66 2016
32 Guatemala 10.18 2018
33 Cabo Verde 9.80 2018
34 Dem. Rep. Congo 9.76 2015
35 Nicaragua 9.21 2010
36 Mozambique 9.10 2018
37 Uganda 8.99 2017
38 Djibouti 8.90 2018
39 Papua New Guinea 8.88 2016
40 Eritrea 8.82 2017
41 Angola 8.62 2011
42 Bhutan 8.51 2018
43 Syrian Arab Republic 8.23 2013
44 Belize 8.10 2018
45 Nepal 7.71 2017
46 Cambodia 7.69 2018
47 Togo 7.68 2018
48 Lebanon 7.56 2018
49 Trinidad and Tobago 7.38 2010
50 Algeria 7.17 2018
51 Ethiopia 7.05 2015
52 Liberia 6.63 2017
53 Yemen 6.43 2016
54 Palau 6.40 2014
55 Dominican Republic 6.33 2017
56 Solomon Islands 6.27 2018
57 Botswana 6.25 2014
58 Burkina Faso 5.77 2018
59 Zambia 5.70 2013
60 The Gambia 5.58 2016
61 Uruguay 5.02 2016
62 Lao PDR 4.88 2018
63 Bangladesh 4.52 2018
64 Liechtenstein 4.31 2016
65 The Bahamas 4.16 2016
66 New Zealand 4.04 1992
67 Luxembourg 3.92 2017
68 El Salvador 3.89 2017
69 Grenada 3.83 2017
70 Chile 3.79 2017
71 Panama 3.78 2017
72 Afghanistan 3.71 2017
73 Venezuela 3.71 2017
74 Senegal 3.68 2018
75 St. Lucia 3.60 2018
76 Paraguay 3.54 2016
77 Tonga 3.50 2013
78 Dominica 3.49 2016
79 Argentina 3.45 2017
80 Slovak Republic 3.45 2017
81 Jamaica 3.29 2018
82 Austria 3.22 2017
83 Kenya 3.18 2016
84 Peru 3.01 2018
85 Spain 2.86 2017
86 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 2.83 2018
87 Sudan 2.76 2017
88 Egypt 2.69 2018
89 Costa Rica 2.68 2018
90 Bolivia 2.66 2017
91 Puerto Rico 2.63 2015
92 Netherlands 2.58 1985
93 Honduras 2.54 2017
94 Niger 2.47 2016
95 Thailand 2.45 2017
96 Turkey 2.40 2017
97 Belgium 2.29 2017
98 Zimbabwe 2.12 2013
99 Macao SAR, China 2.08 2018
100 Kiribati 2.06 2016
101 St. Kitts and Nevis 2.06 2016
102 Tanzania 2.04 2018
103 Qatar 1.96 2017
104 Colombia 1.95 2018
105 Ghana 1.92 2018
106 Philippines 1.91 2017
107 Pakistan 1.91 2018
108 Myanmar 1.89 2017
109 Antigua and Barbuda 1.69 2018
110 United States 1.66 2017
111 Indonesia 1.65 2018
112 Iran 1.63 2017
113 Mauritania 1.61 2018
114 Sierra Leone 1.47 2018
115 Monaco 1.40 2019
116 Romania 1.33 2016
117 Switzerland 1.32 2017
118 Hungary 1.29 2017
119 Poland 1.25 2017
120 Jordan 1.23 2018
121 Saudi Arabia 1.14 2016
122 Samoa 1.14 2018
123 Vietnam 1.12 2018
124 Denmark 1.11 2017
125 Israel 1.06 2017
126 Mexico 1.06 2017
127 Slovenia 1.05 2017
128 Sri Lanka 1.03 2017
129 Albania 0.99 2018
130 Latvia 0.91 2017
131 Ecuador 0.76 2017
132 Andorra 0.75 2018
133 Greece 0.71 2017
134 Tuvalu 0.71 2018
135 Estonia 0.66 2017
136 Guyana 0.65 2010
137 Cuba 0.63 2018
138 Lithuania 0.60 2017
139 Serbia 0.58 2018
140 India 0.58 2017
141 Kuwait 0.57 2018
142 Czech Republic 0.57 2017
143 Montenegro 0.50 2017
144 Ireland 0.49 2017
145 Germany 0.48 2017
146 Georgia 0.44 2018
147 Hong Kong SAR, China 0.43 2018
148 Italy 0.39 2017
149 Fiji 0.36 2016
150 Finland 0.32 2017
151 Bahrain 0.30 2018
152 Russia 0.29 2017
153 Armenia 0.24 2018
154 Malta 0.22 2016
155 Nauru 0.21 2016
156 Croatia 0.21 2016
157 United Arab Emirates 0.19 2015
158 Singapore 0.18 2017
159 Azerbaijan 0.13 2018
160 Cyprus 0.12 2015
161 Brunei 0.11 2018
162 Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.10 2018
163 Ukraine 0.09 2018
164 Bulgaria 0.08 2016
165 Tajikistan 0.08 2017
166 Mongolia 0.07 2018
167 Kazakhstan 0.06 2018
168 Belarus 0.04 2018
169 Kyrgyz Republic 0.02 2018
170 Mauritius 0.01 2018
171 China 0.01 2018
172 Korea 0.00 2017
173 Uzbekistan 0.00 2018
174 Sweden 0.00 2015
174 Canada 0.00 2011
174 United Kingdom 0.00 2012
174 Moldova 0.00 2018
174 Seychelles 0.00 1994
174 Somalia 0.00 1975
174 Norway 0.00 1993
174 Oman 0.00 2018
174 Iceland 0.00 2012
174 San Marino 0.00 2018
174 Cayman Islands 0.00 2018
174 Malaysia 0.00 2010
174 North Macedonia 0.00 2015
174 Japan 0.00 2015

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Development Relevance: Data on repeaters are often used to indicate an education system's internal efficiency. Repeaters not only increase the cost of education for the family and the school system, but also use limited school resources.

Limitations and Exceptions: Country policies on repetition and promotion differ. In some cases the number of repeaters is controlled because of limited capacity. In other cases the number of repeaters is almost 0 because of automatic promotion – suggesting a system that is highly efficient but that may not be endowing students with enough cognitive skills.

Other Notes: Data retrieved via API in March 2019. For detailed information on the observation level (e.g. National Estimation, UIS Estimation, or Category not applicable), please visit UIS.Stat (http://data.uis.unesco.org/).

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Share of repeaters in primary school is calculated by dividing the sum of repeaters in all grades of primary school by the total number of students enrolled in primary school, and multiplying by 100. Data on education are collected by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics from official responses to its annual education survey. All the data are mapped to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) to ensure the comparability of education programs at the international level. The current version was formally adopted by UNESCO Member States in 2011. The reference years reflect the school year for which the data are presented. In some countries the school year spans two calendar years (for example, from September 2010 to June 2011); in these cases the reference year refers to the year in which the school year ended (2011 in the example).

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual