Pupil-teacher ratio, preprimary - Country Ranking

Definition: Preprimary school pupil-teacher ratio is the average number of pupils per teacher in preprimary school.

Source: United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Institute for Statistics.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Tanzania 56.61 2010
2 Liberia 53.25 2015
3 Central African Republic 44.27 2011
4 Malawi 42.05 2015
5 Colombia 38.38 2015
6 Zimbabwe 37.44 2013
7 Papua New Guinea 35.27 2002
8 Philippines 34.65 2007
9 Rwanda 34.10 2015
10 Burundi 33.98 2015
11 Bolivia 33.64 2015
12 Guinea 33.54 2010
13 The Gambia 33.15 2015
14 Ghana 32.83 2016
15 Nauru 32.82 2014
16 Sudan 32.40 2013
17 South Africa 32.03 2013
18 El Salvador 31.92 2015
19 Angola 31.54 2011
20 Timor-Leste 30.87 2015
21 Cambodia 30.81 2015
22 Togo 30.68 2015
23 Gabon 30.23 2001
24 Israel 30.02 1990
25 Kenya 29.55 2015
26 Djibouti 29.49 2016
27 Chad 29.30 2013
28 Guinea-Bissau 28.96 2010
29 Eritrea 28.93 2015
30 Nigeria 28.91 2008
31 Uganda 28.50 2015
32 Myanmar 28.00 2014
33 Egypt 27.89 2014
34 Ethiopia 27.41 2011
35 Mongolia 27.18 2012
36 Kyrgyz Republic 26.93 2011
37 Iran 26.91 2005
38 Niger 26.74 2015
39 Mozambique 26.72 1973
40 Namibia 26.64 1999
41 Uruguay 26.31 2010
42 Comoros 25.93 2000
43 Congo 25.66 2012
44 Benin 25.60 2015
45 Japan 25.48 2014
46 Algeria 25.36 2011
47 Oman 25.25 2015
48 Mexico 25.18 2014
49 Puerto Rico 24.93 2013
50 Madagascar 24.67 2015
51 Dem. Rep. Congo 24.57 2014
52 Solomon Islands 24.23 2015
53 Paraguay 24.09 2012
54 Ireland 23.96 1997
55 Suriname 23.62 2015
56 United Arab Emirates 23.36 2015
57 Bangladesh 23.12 2002
58 Singapore 23.01 1989
59 Venezuela 22.47 1997
60 Burkina Faso 22.30 2015
61 Côte d'Ivoire 22.09 2015
62 Haiti 21.97 1985
63 Ecuador 21.73 2016
64 Monaco 21.50 2015
65 Hong Kong SAR, China 21.37 1996
66 Mali 21.23 2015
67 Nicaragua 21.19 2010
68 Nepal 20.76 2016
69 Honduras 20.71 2015
70 Cameroon 20.54 2015
71 Panama 20.38 2014
72 France 20.33 2013
73 Thailand 20.20 1993
74 India 20.10 2015
75 United Kingdom 20.04 2014
76 China 19.93 2015
77 Argentina 19.92 2008
78 Sierra Leone 19.30 2015
79 Mauritania 19.22 2015
80 Fiji 19.21 2006
81 Guatemala 19.21 2012
82 Cabo Verde 18.89 2015
83 Albania 18.35 2015
84 Peru 18.15 2015
85 Morocco 18.15 2012
86 Dominican Republic 17.94 2015
87 Lao PDR 17.92 2015
88 Palau 17.86 2014
89 Canada 17.72 2000
90 Seychelles 17.56 2015
91 Montenegro 17.56 2011
92 Vietnam 17.42 2015
93 Lesotho 17.30 2015
94 Portugal 17.20 2015
95 Barbados 17.14 2014
96 Jordan 17.14 2015
97 Brunei 17.07 2015
98 Brazil 17.00 2014
99 Senegal 16.99 2015
100 Turkey 16.73 2014
101 Equatorial Guinea 16.65 2015
102 Belize 16.49 2015
103 Romania 15.94 2015
104 Syrian Arab Republic 15.91 2013
105 Macao SAR, China 15.89 2015
106 Lebanon 15.83 2014
107 Tunisia 15.78 2015
108 Guyana 15.63 2012
109 Vanuatu 15.51 2015
110 Netherlands 15.50 2015
111 Malaysia 15.39 2015
112 Yemen 15.08 2011
113 Iraq 15.06 2007
114 Bahrain 14.99 2015
115 Poland 14.92 2014
116 Qatar 14.17 2015
117 Spain 14.04 2015
118 Mauritius 14.02 2015
119 Bosnia and Herzegovina 13.97 2012
120 Czech Republic 13.89 2013
121 United States 13.82 2014
122 Korea 13.65 2014
123 Trinidad and Tobago 13.53 2007
124 Belgium 13.43 2014
125 Andorra 13.41 2015
126 Croatia 13.23 2015
127 São Tomé and Principe 13.01 2015
128 Tajikistan 12.93 2016
129 Costa Rica 12.83 2015
130 Bulgaria 12.82 2014
131 Jamaica 12.78 2015
132 Cuba 12.67 2012
133 Cyprus 12.59 2015
134 Indonesia 12.51 2014
135 Swaziland 12.47 2011
136 Slovak Republic 12.44 2015
137 Bhutan 12.41 2016
138 Italy 12.41 2015
139 Malta 12.40 2015
140 Tonga 12.37 2014
141 Samoa 12.15 2015
142 Serbia 12.14 2015
143 Hungary 11.93 2015
144 Greece 11.78 2014
145 Grenada 11.76 2015
146 Somalia 11.71 1986
147 Switzerland 11.71 2014
148 Botswana 11.60 2013
149 Finland 11.53 2014
150 Azerbaijan 11.48 2015
151 Austria 11.41 2015
152 Dominica 11.35 2015
153 The Bahamas 11.18 2002
154 Uzbekistan 10.87 2016
155 Georgia 10.73 2007
156 Saudi Arabia 10.69 2015
157 Tuvalu 10.68 2015
158 St. Kitts and Nevis 10.58 2015
159 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 10.48 2015
160 Luxembourg 10.27 2014
161 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 10.25 2015
162 St. Lucia 10.23 2014
163 Kazakhstan 10.11 2016
164 Latvia 10.10 2015
165 Moldova 9.71 2012
166 Lithuania 9.50 2015
167 Chile 9.48 2011
168 Ukraine 9.35 2012
169 Kuwait 9.23 2015
170 Slovenia 9.19 2013
171 Libya 8.95 2006
172 New Zealand 8.94 2014
173 Russia 8.82 1994
174 Armenia 8.73 2015
175 Cayman Islands 8.44 2012
176 Liechtenstein 8.40 2015
177 Macedonia 7.99 2012
178 Germany 7.90 2015
179 San Marino 7.76 2012
180 Antigua and Barbuda 7.68 2015
181 Belarus 7.64 2015
182 Afghanistan 7.23 2003
183 Estonia 6.82 2012
184 Norway 6.21 1998
185 Sweden 5.63 2015
186 Denmark 5.53 2001
187 Iceland 4.91 2013

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Development Relevance: The pupil-teacher ratio is often used to compare the quality of schooling across countries, but it is often weakly related to student learning and quality of education.

Limitations and Exceptions: The comparability of pupil-teacher ratios across countries is affected by the definition of teachers and by differences in class size by grade and in the number of hours taught, as well as the different practices countries employ such as part-time teachers, school shifts, and multi-grade classes. Moreover, the underlying enrollment levels are subject to a variety of reporting errors.

Other Notes: Each economy is classified based on the classification of World Bank Group's fiscal year 2017 (July 1, 2016-June 30, 2017).

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Pupil-teacher ratio is calculated by dividing the number of students at the specified level of education by the number of teachers at the same level of education. Data on education are collected by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics from official responses to its annual education survey. All the data are mapped to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) to ensure the comparability of education programs at the international level. The current version was formally adopted by UNESCO Member States in 2011. The reference years reflect the school year for which the data are presented. In some countries the school year spans two calendar years (for example, from September 2010 to June 2011); in these cases the reference year refers to the year in which the school year ended (2011 in the example).

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual