Pupil-teacher ratio, preprimary - Country Ranking

Definition: Preprimary school pupil-teacher ratio is the average number of pupils per teacher in preprimary school.

Source: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (http://uis.unesco.org/)

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Tanzania 113.97 2017
2 Angola 63.05 2016
3 United Kingdom 61.81 2017
4 Benin 52.92 2018
5 The Gambia 48.04 2018
6 Central African Republic 44.27 2011
7 Malawi 42.05 2015
8 Papua New Guinea 41.62 2016
9 Canada 39.56 1996
10 Burundi 38.19 2018
11 Zimbabwe 37.44 2013
12 Liberia 37.31 2017
13 Rwanda 36.10 2018
14 Guinea 33.54 2010
15 Cambodia 33.34 2018
16 Mongolia 33.15 2018
17 Bolivia 32.97 2017
18 Niger 32.59 2018
19 Chad 31.93 2016
20 Timor-Leste 31.80 2018
21 Gabon 30.23 2001
22 Israel 30.02 1990
23 Senegal 29.80 2018
24 South Africa 29.64 2014
25 United Arab Emirates 29.27 2016
26 Eritrea 29.14 2017
27 Guinea-Bissau 28.96 2010
28 Nigeria 28.91 2008
29 Kenya 28.87 2016
30 Ghana 28.80 2018
31 Togo 28.44 2018
32 Japan 27.68 2017
33 Ethiopia 27.41 2011
34 El Salvador 27.30 2017
35 Philippines 27.08 2017
36 Kyrgyz Republic 26.93 2011
37 Iran 26.91 2005
38 Mozambique 26.72 1973
39 Yemen 26.41 2016
40 Uruguay 26.31 2010
41 Egypt 26.04 2018
42 Sudan 25.84 2017
43 Congo 25.66 2012
44 Colombia 25.63 2011
45 Chile 25.40 2017
46 Algeria 25.36 2011
47 Mexico 25.02 2017
48 Paraguay 24.09 2012
49 Ireland 23.96 1997
50 Solomon Islands 23.35 2018
51 Dem. Rep. Congo 23.29 2015
52 Bangladesh 23.12 2002
53 Singapore 23.01 1989
54 The Bahamas 22.67 2016
55 Nauru 22.50 2016
56 Venezuela 22.47 1997
57 Cuba 22.17 1997
58 Madagascar 22.13 2018
59 Uganda 22.03 2017
60 Haiti 21.97 1985
61 Hong Kong SAR, China 21.37 1996
62 Nicaragua 21.19 2010
63 Côte d'Ivoire 21.10 2018
64 Oman 20.77 2018
65 Ecuador 20.38 2017
66 Nepal 20.36 2017
67 France 20.33 2013
68 Comoros 20.33 2017
69 Cameroon 20.26 2018
70 Thailand 20.20 1993
71 India 20.10 2015
72 Monaco 19.98 2019
73 Argentina 19.92 2008
74 Mali 19.64 2018
75 Suriname 19.58 2018
76 Peru 19.55 2018
77 Dominican Republic 19.47 2017
78 Botswana 19.35 2014
79 Honduras 19.34 2016
80 Mauritania 19.22 2015
81 Fiji 19.21 2006
82 Guatemala 19.21 2012
83 Myanmar 18.99 2017
84 Lesotho 18.46 2016
85 Seychelles 18.24 2018
86 Lao PDR 18.24 2018
87 Azerbaijan 18.17 2018
88 Morocco 18.15 2012
89 Malaysia 18.11 2018
90 Palau 17.86 2014
91 Montenegro 17.56 2011
92 Jordan 17.56 2018
93 Puerto Rico 17.50 2016
94 China 17.38 2018
95 Vietnam 17.27 2018
96 Burkina Faso 17.21 2018
97 Turkey 17.20 2017
98 Albania 17.09 2018
99 Equatorial Guinea 16.65 2015
100 Portugal 16.56 2017
101 Brazil 16.48 2017
102 Belize 16.44 2018
103 Cabo Verde 16.33 2018
104 Syrian Arab Republic 15.91 2013
105 Netherlands 15.89 2017
106 Barbados 15.65 2018
107 Guyana 15.63 2012
108 Lebanon 15.62 2017
109 Vanuatu 15.51 2015
110 Romania 15.46 2016
111 Brunei 15.43 2018
112 Panama 15.39 2017
113 Tunisia 15.24 2016
114 Iraq 15.06 2007
115 Saudi Arabia 15.04 2018
116 Qatar 14.83 2018
117 Macao SAR, China 14.50 2018
118 Djibouti 14.40 2018
119 Bahrain 14.40 2018
120 United States 14.28 2017
121 Czech Republic 13.89 2013
122 Bosnia and Herzegovina 13.86 2018
123 Sierra Leone 13.84 2017
124 Sri Lanka 13.83 2017
125 Trinidad and Tobago 13.53 2007
126 Spain 13.44 2017
127 Andorra 13.28 2018
128 Norway 13.26 2017
129 Korea 13.03 2017
130 São Tomé and Principe 13.01 2015
131 Poland 12.97 2017
132 Croatia 12.94 2016
133 Costa Rica 12.91 2018
134 Belgium 12.70 2017
135 Indonesia 12.68 2018
136 Cyprus 12.59 2015
137 Eswatini 12.47 2011
138 Mauritius 12.38 2018
139 Bulgaria 12.30 2016
140 Grenada 12.25 2017
141 Malta 12.06 2016
142 Slovak Republic 11.97 2017
143 Moldova 11.88 2018
144 Hungary 11.80 2016
145 Samoa 11.75 2018
146 Somalia 11.71 1986
147 Switzerland 11.67 2017
148 Serbia 11.64 2018
149 Italy 11.62 2017
150 Uzbekistan 11.58 2018
151 Austria 11.54 2017
152 Tajikistan 11.44 2017
153 Dominica 11.27 2016
154 Finland 11.14 2017
155 Bhutan 11.12 2018
156 Jamaica 10.80 2018
157 Georgia 10.73 2007
158 St. Kitts and Nevis 10.58 2015
159 Tonga 10.53 2015
160 Greece 10.44 2017
161 Luxembourg 10.09 2016
162 Latvia 9.73 2016
163 Lithuania 9.67 2017
164 Kazakhstan 9.35 2014
165 Ukraine 9.35 2012
166 Slovenia 9.11 2016
167 Libya 8.95 2006
168 Russia 8.82 1994
169 Cayman Islands 8.44 2012
170 Tuvalu 8.44 2018
171 Kuwait 8.33 2018
172 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 8.12 2018
173 Liechtenstein 8.04 2016
174 North Macedonia 7.99 2012
175 Belarus 7.92 2018
176 New Zealand 7.82 2017
177 Germany 7.70 2017
178 Antigua and Barbuda 7.68 2015
179 Afghanistan 7.23 2003
180 San Marino 7.05 2018
181 Estonia 6.82 2012
182 Armenia 6.27 2018
183 St. Lucia 5.94 2016
184 Denmark 5.53 2001
185 Sweden 5.52 2017
186 Iceland 4.77 2015

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Development Relevance: The pupil-teacher ratio is often used to compare the quality of schooling across countries, but it is often weakly related to student learning and quality of education.

Limitations and Exceptions: The comparability of pupil-teacher ratios across countries is affected by the definition of teachers and by differences in class size by grade and in the number of hours taught, as well as the different practices countries employ such as part-time teachers, school shifts, and multi-grade classes. Moreover, the underlying enrollment levels are subject to a variety of reporting errors.

Other Notes: Data retrieved via API in March 2019. For detailed information on the observation level (e.g. National Estimation, UIS Estimation, or Category not applicable), please visit UIS.Stat (http://data.uis.unesco.org/).

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Pupil-teacher ratio is calculated by dividing the number of students at the specified level of education by the number of teachers at the same level of education. Data on education are collected by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics from official responses to its annual education survey. All the data are mapped to the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) to ensure the comparability of education programs at the international level. The current version was formally adopted by UNESCO Member States in 2011. The reference years reflect the school year for which the data are presented. In some countries the school year spans two calendar years (for example, from September 2010 to June 2011); in these cases the reference year refers to the year in which the school year ended (2011 in the example).

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual