Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) - Country Ranking - Europe

Definition: Electric power consumption measures the production of power plants and combined heat and power plants less transmission, distribution, and transformation losses and own use by heat and power plants.

Source: IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (http://www.iea.org/stats/index.asp), subject to https://www.iea.org/t&c/termsandconditions/

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Iceland 53,832.48 2014
2 Norway 22,999.94 2014
3 Finland 15,249.99 2014
4 Luxembourg 13,914.68 2014
5 Sweden 13,480.15 2014
6 Austria 8,355.84 2014
7 Belgium 7,709.12 2014
8 Switzerland 7,520.17 2014
9 Germany 7,035.48 2014
10 France 6,939.52 2014
11 Estonia 6,732.37 2014
12 Slovenia 6,728.00 2014
13 Netherlands 6,712.78 2014
14 Czech Republic 6,258.89 2014
15 Denmark 5,858.80 2014
16 Ireland 5,672.06 2014
17 Spain 5,355.99 2014
18 Slovak Republic 5,137.07 2014
19 United Kingdom 5,129.53 2014
20 Greece 5,062.61 2014
21 Italy 5,002.41 2014
22 Malta 4,924.54 2014
23 Bulgaria 4,708.93 2014
24 Portugal 4,662.60 2014
25 Montenegro 4,612.34 2014
26 Serbia 4,271.75 2014
27 Poland 3,971.80 2014
28 Hungary 3,965.96 2014
29 Lithuania 3,821.15 2014
30 Croatia 3,714.38 2014
31 Belarus 3,679.98 2014
32 Cyprus 3,624.97 2014
33 Latvia 3,507.41 2014
34 North Macedonia 3,496.53 2014
35 Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,446.77 2014
36 Ukraine 3,418.59 2014
37 Turkey 2,847.13 2014
38 Romania 2,584.41 2014
39 Albania 2,309.37 2014
40 Moldova 1,386.23 2014

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Development Relevance: An economy's production and consumption of electricity are basic indicators of its size and level of development. Although a few countries export electric power, most production is for domestic consumption. Expanding the supply of electricity to meet the growing demand of increasingly urbanized and industrialized economies without incurring unacceptable social, economic, and environmental costs is one of the great challenges facing developing countries. Modern societies are becoming increasing dependent on reliable and secure electricity supplies to underpin economic growth and community prosperity. This reliance is set to grow as more efficient and less carbon intensive forms of power are developed and deployed to help decarbonize economies. Maintaining reliable and secure electricity services while seeking to rapidly decarbonize power systems is a key challenge for countries throughout the world. In developing economies growth in energy use is closely related to growth in the modern sectors - industry, motorized transport, and urban areas - but energy use also reflects climatic, geographic, and economic factors (such as the relative price of energy). Energy use has been growing rapidly in low- and middle-income economies, but high-income economies still use almost five times as much energy on a per capita basis. Governments in many countries are increasingly aware of the urgent need to make better use of the world's energy resources. Improved energy efficiency is often the most economic and readily available means of improving energy security and reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

Limitations and Exceptions: Data on electric power production and consumption are collected from national energy agencies by the International Energy Agency (IEA) and adjusted by the IEA to meet international definitions. Data are reported as net consumption as opposed to gross consumption. Net consumption excludes the energy consumed by the generating units. For all countries except the United States, total electric power consumption is equal total net electricity generation plus electricity imports minus electricity exports minus electricity distribution losses. The IEA makes these estimates in consultation with national statistical offices, oil companies, electric utilities, and national energy experts. The IEA occasionally revises its time series to reflect political changes, and energy statistics undergo continual changes in coverage or methodology as more detailed energy accounts become available. Breaks in series are therefore unavoidable.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Electric power consumption per capita (kWh ) is the production of power plants and combined heat and power plants less transmission, distribution, and transformation losses and own use by heat and power plants, divided by midyear population. Energy data are compiled by the International Energy Agency (IEA). IEA data for economies that are not members of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) are based on national energy data adjusted to conform to annual questionnaires completed by OECD member governments. Electricity consumption is equivalent to production less power plants' own use and transmission, distribution, and transformation losses less exports plus imports. It includes consumption by auxiliary stations, losses in transformers that are considered integral parts of those stations, and electricity produced by pumping installations. Where data are available, it covers electricity generated by primary sources of energy - coal, oil, gas, nuclear, hydro, geothermal, wind, tide and wave, and combustible renewables. Neither production nor consumption data capture the reliability of supplies, including breakdowns, load factors, and frequency of outages.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: Restricted use: Please contact the International Energy Agency for third-party use of these data.