Iceland - Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)

The value for Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) in Iceland was 53,832 as of 2014. As the graph below shows, over the past 54 years this indicator reached a maximum value of 54,799 in 2013 and a minimum value of 2,614 in 1960.

Definition: Electric power consumption measures the production of power plants and combined heat and power plants less transmission, distribution, and transformation losses and own use by heat and power plants.

Source: IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (, subject to

See also:

Year Value
1960 2,614
1961 2,871
1962 2,895
1963 2,979
1964 3,074
1965 2,975
1966 2,915
1967 2,918
1968 2,993
1969 3,796
1970 6,471
1971 7,002
1972 7,650
1973 9,896
1974 9,962
1975 9,588
1976 10,002
1977 10,631
1978 10,987
1979 11,841
1980 12,681
1981 12,918
1982 14,038
1983 14,643
1984 15,239
1985 14,772
1986 15,351
1987 15,269
1988 16,353
1989 16,425
1990 16,148
1991 15,931
1992 16,100
1993 16,737
1994 17,066
1995 17,396
1996 17,359
1997 18,958
1998 21,321
1999 24,522
2000 26,202
2001 26,950
2002 27,897
2003 27,666
2004 28,215
2005 27,988
2006 31,328
2007 36,853
2008 50,064
2009 51,259
2010 51,440
2011 52,374
2012 53,203
2013 54,799
2014 53,832

Development Relevance: An economy's production and consumption of electricity are basic indicators of its size and level of development. Although a few countries export electric power, most production is for domestic consumption. Expanding the supply of electricity to meet the growing demand of increasingly urbanized and industrialized economies without incurring unacceptable social, economic, and environmental costs is one of the great challenges facing developing countries. Modern societies are becoming increasing dependent on reliable and secure electricity supplies to underpin economic growth and community prosperity. This reliance is set to grow as more efficient and less carbon intensive forms of power are developed and deployed to help decarbonize economies. Maintaining reliable and secure electricity services while seeking to rapidly decarbonize power systems is a key challenge for countries throughout the world. In developing economies growth in energy use is closely related to growth in the modern sectors - industry, motorized transport, and urban areas - but energy use also reflects climatic, geographic, and economic factors (such as the relative price of energy). Energy use has been growing rapidly in low- and middle-income economies, but high-income economies still use almost five times as much energy on a per capita basis. Governments in many countries are increasingly aware of the urgent need to make better use of the world's energy resources. Improved energy efficiency is often the most economic and readily available means of improving energy security and reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

Limitations and Exceptions: Data on electric power production and consumption are collected from national energy agencies by the International Energy Agency (IEA) and adjusted by the IEA to meet international definitions. Data are reported as net consumption as opposed to gross consumption. Net consumption excludes the energy consumed by the generating units. For all countries except the United States, total electric power consumption is equal total net electricity generation plus electricity imports minus electricity exports minus electricity distribution losses. The IEA makes these estimates in consultation with national statistical offices, oil companies, electric utilities, and national energy experts. The IEA occasionally revises its time series to reflect political changes, and energy statistics undergo continual changes in coverage or methodology as more detailed energy accounts become available. Breaks in series are therefore unavoidable.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Electric power consumption per capita (kWh ) is the production of power plants and combined heat and power plants less transmission, distribution, and transformation losses and own use by heat and power plants, divided by midyear population. Energy data are compiled by the International Energy Agency (IEA). IEA data for economies that are not members of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) are based on national energy data adjusted to conform to annual questionnaires completed by OECD member governments. Electricity consumption is equivalent to production less power plants' own use and transmission, distribution, and transformation losses less exports plus imports. It includes consumption by auxiliary stations, losses in transformers that are considered integral parts of those stations, and electricity produced by pumping installations. Where data are available, it covers electricity generated by primary sources of energy - coal, oil, gas, nuclear, hydro, geothermal, wind, tide and wave, and combustible renewables. Neither production nor consumption data capture the reliability of supplies, including breakdowns, load factors, and frequency of outages.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: Restricted use: Please contact the International Energy Agency for third-party use of these data.


Topic: Environment Indicators

Sub-Topic: Energy production & use