France - Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)

The value for Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) in France was 6,940 as of 2014. As the graph below shows, over the past 54 years this indicator reached a maximum value of 7,735 in 2010 and a minimum value of 1,463 in 1960.

Definition: Electric power consumption measures the production of power plants and combined heat and power plants less transmission, distribution, and transformation losses and own use by heat and power plants.

Source: IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (, subject to

See also:

Year Value
1960 1,463
1961 1,550
1962 1,654
1963 1,751
1964 1,897
1965 1,988
1966 2,096
1967 2,187
1968 2,268
1969 2,471
1970 2,627
1971 2,752
1972 2,930
1973 3,163
1974 3,265
1975 3,255
1976 3,595
1977 3,691
1978 3,933
1979 4,204
1980 4,422
1981 4,581
1982 4,618
1983 4,711
1984 4,945
1985 5,259
1986 5,510
1987 5,652
1988 5,738
1989 5,860
1990 5,969
1991 6,360
1992 6,476
1993 6,453
1994 6,530
1995 6,622
1996 6,905
1997 6,833
1998 7,016
1999 7,149
2000 7,225
2001 7,342
2002 7,299
2003 7,530
2004 7,661
2005 7,653
2006 7,540
2007 7,514
2008 7,643
2009 7,338
2010 7,735
2011 7,233
2012 7,363
2013 7,368
2014 6,940

Development Relevance: An economy's production and consumption of electricity are basic indicators of its size and level of development. Although a few countries export electric power, most production is for domestic consumption. Expanding the supply of electricity to meet the growing demand of increasingly urbanized and industrialized economies without incurring unacceptable social, economic, and environmental costs is one of the great challenges facing developing countries. Modern societies are becoming increasing dependent on reliable and secure electricity supplies to underpin economic growth and community prosperity. This reliance is set to grow as more efficient and less carbon intensive forms of power are developed and deployed to help decarbonize economies. Maintaining reliable and secure electricity services while seeking to rapidly decarbonize power systems is a key challenge for countries throughout the world. In developing economies growth in energy use is closely related to growth in the modern sectors - industry, motorized transport, and urban areas - but energy use also reflects climatic, geographic, and economic factors (such as the relative price of energy). Energy use has been growing rapidly in low- and middle-income economies, but high-income economies still use almost five times as much energy on a per capita basis. Governments in many countries are increasingly aware of the urgent need to make better use of the world's energy resources. Improved energy efficiency is often the most economic and readily available means of improving energy security and reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

Limitations and Exceptions: Data on electric power production and consumption are collected from national energy agencies by the International Energy Agency (IEA) and adjusted by the IEA to meet international definitions. Data are reported as net consumption as opposed to gross consumption. Net consumption excludes the energy consumed by the generating units. For all countries except the United States, total electric power consumption is equal total net electricity generation plus electricity imports minus electricity exports minus electricity distribution losses. The IEA makes these estimates in consultation with national statistical offices, oil companies, electric utilities, and national energy experts. The IEA occasionally revises its time series to reflect political changes, and energy statistics undergo continual changes in coverage or methodology as more detailed energy accounts become available. Breaks in series are therefore unavoidable.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Electric power consumption per capita (kWh ) is the production of power plants and combined heat and power plants less transmission, distribution, and transformation losses and own use by heat and power plants, divided by midyear population. Energy data are compiled by the International Energy Agency (IEA). IEA data for economies that are not members of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) are based on national energy data adjusted to conform to annual questionnaires completed by OECD member governments. Electricity consumption is equivalent to production less power plants' own use and transmission, distribution, and transformation losses less exports plus imports. It includes consumption by auxiliary stations, losses in transformers that are considered integral parts of those stations, and electricity produced by pumping installations. Where data are available, it covers electricity generated by primary sources of energy - coal, oil, gas, nuclear, hydro, geothermal, wind, tide and wave, and combustible renewables. Neither production nor consumption data capture the reliability of supplies, including breakdowns, load factors, and frequency of outages.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: Restricted use: Please contact the International Energy Agency for third-party use of these data.


Topic: Environment Indicators

Sub-Topic: Energy production & use