Finland - Electric power consumption (kWh per capita)

The value for Electric power consumption (kWh per capita) in Finland was 15,250 as of 2014. As the graph below shows, over the past 54 years this indicator reached a maximum value of 17,215 in 2006 and a minimum value of 1,873 in 1960.

Definition: Electric power consumption measures the production of power plants and combined heat and power plants less transmission, distribution, and transformation losses and own use by heat and power plants.

Source: IEA Statistics © OECD/IEA 2014 (, subject to

See also:

Year Value
1960 1,873
1961 2,188
1962 2,389
1963 2,479
1964 2,715
1965 2,938
1966 3,198
1967 3,345
1968 3,629
1969 4,072
1970 4,571
1971 4,890
1972 5,516
1973 6,047
1974 6,140
1975 5,946
1976 6,546
1977 6,727
1978 7,330
1979 7,931
1980 8,296
1981 8,494
1982 8,533
1983 9,124
1984 9,808
1985 10,483
1986 10,623
1987 11,358
1988 11,778
1989 12,035
1990 12,486
1991 12,471
1992 12,514
1993 13,013
1994 13,603
1995 13,591
1996 13,722
1997 14,455
1998 14,846
1999 15,076
2000 15,305
2001 15,710
2002 16,140
2003 16,446
2004 16,778
2005 16,118
2006 17,215
2007 17,161
2008 16,349
2009 15,243
2010 16,484
2011 15,711
2012 15,689
2013 15,511
2014 15,250

Development Relevance: An economy's production and consumption of electricity are basic indicators of its size and level of development. Although a few countries export electric power, most production is for domestic consumption. Expanding the supply of electricity to meet the growing demand of increasingly urbanized and industrialized economies without incurring unacceptable social, economic, and environmental costs is one of the great challenges facing developing countries. Modern societies are becoming increasing dependent on reliable and secure electricity supplies to underpin economic growth and community prosperity. This reliance is set to grow as more efficient and less carbon intensive forms of power are developed and deployed to help decarbonize economies. Maintaining reliable and secure electricity services while seeking to rapidly decarbonize power systems is a key challenge for countries throughout the world. In developing economies growth in energy use is closely related to growth in the modern sectors - industry, motorized transport, and urban areas - but energy use also reflects climatic, geographic, and economic factors (such as the relative price of energy). Energy use has been growing rapidly in low- and middle-income economies, but high-income economies still use almost five times as much energy on a per capita basis. Governments in many countries are increasingly aware of the urgent need to make better use of the world's energy resources. Improved energy efficiency is often the most economic and readily available means of improving energy security and reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

Limitations and Exceptions: Data on electric power production and consumption are collected from national energy agencies by the International Energy Agency (IEA) and adjusted by the IEA to meet international definitions. Data are reported as net consumption as opposed to gross consumption. Net consumption excludes the energy consumed by the generating units. For all countries except the United States, total electric power consumption is equal total net electricity generation plus electricity imports minus electricity exports minus electricity distribution losses. The IEA makes these estimates in consultation with national statistical offices, oil companies, electric utilities, and national energy experts. The IEA occasionally revises its time series to reflect political changes, and energy statistics undergo continual changes in coverage or methodology as more detailed energy accounts become available. Breaks in series are therefore unavoidable.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Electric power consumption per capita (kWh ) is the production of power plants and combined heat and power plants less transmission, distribution, and transformation losses and own use by heat and power plants, divided by midyear population. Energy data are compiled by the International Energy Agency (IEA). IEA data for economies that are not members of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) are based on national energy data adjusted to conform to annual questionnaires completed by OECD member governments. Electricity consumption is equivalent to production less power plants' own use and transmission, distribution, and transformation losses less exports plus imports. It includes consumption by auxiliary stations, losses in transformers that are considered integral parts of those stations, and electricity produced by pumping installations. Where data are available, it covers electricity generated by primary sources of energy - coal, oil, gas, nuclear, hydro, geothermal, wind, tide and wave, and combustible renewables. Neither production nor consumption data capture the reliability of supplies, including breakdowns, load factors, and frequency of outages.

Aggregation method: Weighted average

Periodicity: Annual

General Comments: Restricted use: Please contact the International Energy Agency for third-party use of these data.


Topic: Environment Indicators

Sub-Topic: Energy production & use