Surface area (sq. km) - Country Ranking

Definition: Surface area is a country's total area, including areas under inland bodies of water and some coastal waterways.

Source: Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site.

See also: Thematic map, Time series comparison

Find indicator:
Rank Country Value Year
1 Russia 17,098,250.00 2018
2 Canada 9,984,670.00 2018
3 United States 9,831,510.00 2018
4 China 9,562,910.00 2018
5 Brazil 8,515,770.00 2018
6 Australia 7,741,220.00 2018
7 India 3,287,259.00 2018
8 Argentina 2,780,400.00 2018
9 Kazakhstan 2,724,902.00 2018
10 Algeria 2,381,740.00 2018
11 Dem. Rep. Congo 2,344,860.00 2018
12 Saudi Arabia 2,149,690.00 2018
13 Mexico 1,964,375.00 2018
14 Indonesia 1,913,580.00 2018
15 Libya 1,759,540.00 2018
16 Iran 1,745,150.00 2018
17 Mongolia 1,564,120.00 2018
18 Peru 1,285,220.00 2018
19 Chad 1,284,000.00 2018
20 Niger 1,267,000.00 2018
21 Angola 1,246,700.00 2018
22 Mali 1,240,190.00 2018
23 South Africa 1,219,090.00 2018
24 Colombia 1,141,749.00 2018
25 Ethiopia 1,104,300.00 2018
26 Bolivia 1,098,580.00 2018
27 Mauritania 1,030,700.00 2018
28 Egypt 1,001,450.00 2018
29 Tanzania 947,300.00 2018
30 Nigeria 923,770.00 2018
31 Venezuela 912,050.00 2018
32 Namibia 824,290.00 2018
33 Pakistan 796,100.00 2018
34 Mozambique 786,380.00 2018
35 Turkey 785,350.00 2018
36 Chile 756,700.00 2018
37 Zambia 752,610.00 2018
38 Myanmar 676,590.00 2018
39 Afghanistan 652,860.00 2018
40 Somalia 637,660.00 2018
41 Norway 625,217.10 2018
42 Central African Republic 622,980.00 2018
43 Ukraine 603,550.00 2018
44 Madagascar 587,295.00 2018
45 Botswana 581,730.00 2018
46 Kenya 580,370.00 2018
47 France 549,087.00 2018
48 Yemen 527,970.00 2018
49 Thailand 513,120.00 2018
50 Spain 505,935.00 2018
51 Turkmenistan 488,100.00 2018
52 Cameroon 475,440.00 2018
53 Papua New Guinea 462,840.00 2018
54 Sweden 447,430.00 2018
55 Uzbekistan 447,400.00 2018
56 Morocco 446,550.00 2018
57 Iraq 435,052.00 2018
58 Greenland 410,450.00 2018
59 Paraguay 406,752.00 2018
60 Zimbabwe 390,760.00 2018
61 Japan 377,970.00 2018
62 Germany 357,580.00 2018
63 Congo 342,000.00 2018
64 Finland 338,450.00 2018
65 Vietnam 331,230.00 2018
66 Malaysia 330,345.00 2018
67 Côte d'Ivoire 322,460.00 2018
68 Poland 312,680.00 2018
69 Oman 309,500.00 2018
70 Italy 301,340.00 2018
71 Philippines 300,000.00 2018
72 Burkina Faso 274,220.00 2018
73 New Zealand 267,710.00 2018
74 Gabon 267,670.00 2018
75 Ecuador 256,370.00 2018
76 Guinea 245,860.00 2018
77 United Kingdom 243,610.00 2018
78 Uganda 241,550.00 2018
79 Ghana 238,540.00 2018
80 Romania 238,400.00 2018
81 Lao PDR 236,800.00 2018
82 Guyana 214,970.00 2018
83 Belarus 207,600.00 2018
84 Kyrgyz Republic 199,950.00 2018
85 Senegal 196,710.00 2018
86 Syrian Arab Republic 185,180.00 2018
87 Cambodia 181,040.00 2018
88 Uruguay 176,220.00 2018
89 Suriname 163,820.00 2018
90 Tunisia 163,610.00 2018
91 Bangladesh 147,630.00 2018
92 Nepal 147,180.00 2018
93 Tajikistan 141,380.00 2018
94 Greece 131,960.00 2018
95 Nicaragua 130,370.00 2018
96 Dem. People's Rep. Korea 120,540.00 2018
97 Malawi 118,480.00 2018
98 Eritrea 117,600.00 2018
99 Benin 114,760.00 2018
100 Honduras 112,490.00 2018
101 Liberia 111,370.00 2018
102 Bulgaria 111,000.00 2018
103 Cuba 109,880.00 2018
104 Guatemala 108,890.00 2018
105 Iceland 103,000.00 2018
106 Korea 100,339.00 2018
107 Hungary 93,030.00 2018
108 Portugal 92,225.59 2018
109 Jordan 89,320.00 2018
110 Serbia 88,360.00 2018
111 Azerbaijan 86,600.00 2018
112 Austria 83,879.01 2018
113 United Arab Emirates 83,600.00 2018
114 Czech Republic 78,870.00 2018
115 Panama 75,420.00 2018
116 Sierra Leone 72,300.00 2018
117 Ireland 70,280.00 2018
118 Georgia 69,700.00 2018
119 Sri Lanka 65,610.00 2018
120 Lithuania 65,286.00 2018
121 Latvia 64,490.00 2018
122 Togo 56,790.00 2018
123 Croatia 56,590.00 2018
124 Bosnia and Herzegovina 51,210.00 2018
125 Costa Rica 51,100.00 2018
126 Slovak Republic 49,030.00 2018
127 Dominican Republic 48,670.00 2018
128 Estonia 45,340.00 2018
129 Denmark 42,920.00 2018
130 Netherlands 41,540.00 2018
131 Switzerland 41,290.40 2018
132 Bhutan 38,394.00 2018
133 Guinea-Bissau 36,130.00 2018
134 Moldova 33,850.00 2018
135 Belgium 30,530.00 2018
136 Lesotho 30,360.00 2018
137 Armenia 29,740.00 2018
138 Solomon Islands 28,900.00 2018
139 Albania 28,750.00 2018
140 Equatorial Guinea 28,050.00 2018
141 Burundi 27,830.00 2018
142 Haiti 27,750.00 2018
143 Rwanda 26,340.00 2018
144 North Macedonia 25,710.00 2018
145 Djibouti 23,200.00 2018
146 Belize 22,970.00 2018
147 Israel 22,070.00 2018
148 El Salvador 21,040.00 2018
149 Slovenia 20,675.00 2018
150 New Caledonia 18,580.00 2018
151 Fiji 18,270.00 2018
152 Kuwait 17,820.00 2018
153 Eswatini 17,360.00 2018
154 Timor-Leste 14,870.00 2018
155 The Bahamas 13,880.00 2018
156 Montenegro 13,810.00 2018
157 Vanuatu 12,190.00 2018
158 Qatar 11,610.00 2018
159 The Gambia 11,300.00 2018
160 Jamaica 10,990.00 2018
161 Lebanon 10,450.00 2018
162 Cyprus 9,250.00 2018
163 Puerto Rico 8,870.00 2018
164 Brunei 5,770.00 2018
165 Trinidad and Tobago 5,130.00 2018
166 Cabo Verde 4,030.00 2018
167 Samoa 2,840.00 2018
168 Luxembourg 2,590.00 2018
169 Mauritius 2,040.00 2018
170 Comoros 1,861.00 2018
171 Hong Kong SAR, China 1,110.00 2018
172 São Tomé and Principe 960.00 2018
173 Kiribati 810.00 2018
174 Bahrain 778.00 2018
175 Dominica 750.00 2018
175 Tonga 750.00 2018
177 Singapore 719.00 2018
178 St. Lucia 620.00 2018
179 Andorra 470.00 2018
180 Palau 460.00 2018
180 Seychelles 460.00 2018
182 Antigua and Barbuda 440.00 2018
183 Barbados 430.00 2018
184 St. Vincent and the Grenadines 390.00 2018
185 Grenada 340.00 2018
186 Malta 320.00 2018
187 Cayman Islands 260.00 2018
187 St. Kitts and Nevis 260.00 2018
189 Liechtenstein 160.00 2018
190 San Marino 60.00 2018
191 Macao SAR, China 30.40 2018
192 Tuvalu 30.00 2018
193 Nauru 20.00 2018
194 Monaco 2.00 2017

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Development Relevance: Total surface area is particularly important for understanding an economy's agricultural capacity and the environmental effects of human activity. Innovations in satellite mapping and computer databases have resulted in more precise measurements of land and water areas. Population, surface area, income, and output are basic measures of the size of an economy. They also provide a broad indication of actual and potential resources. Land area is therefore used as one of the major indicator to normalize other indicators.

Limitations and Exceptions: The data are collected by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations through annual questionnaires. The FAO tries to impose standard definitions and reporting methods, but complete consistency across countries and over time is not possible. The data collected from official national sources through the questionnaire are supplemented with information from official secondary data sources. The secondary sources cover official country data from websites of national ministries, national publications and related country data reported by various international organizations.

Statistical Concept and Methodology: Total land area includes inland water bodies such as major rivers and lakes. Variations from year to year may be due to updated or revised data rather than to change in area.

Aggregation method: Sum

Periodicity: Annual