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Central African Republic Demographics Profile 2019

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Population
5,745,062 (July 2018 est.)

note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected

Age structure
0-14 years: 39.89% (male 1,151,724 /female 1,140,083)
15-24 years: 19.91% (male 574,969 /female 568,942)
25-54 years: 32.64% (male 938,365 /female 936,948)
55-64 years: 4.17% (male 112,310 /female 127,045)
65 years and over: 3.39% (male 75,401 /female 119,275) (2018 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 90 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 83.1 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 7 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 14.4 (2015 est.)
Median age
total: 19.8 years (2018 est.)
male: 19.5 years
female: 20.1 years
Population growth rate
2.11% (2018 est.)
Birth rate
34 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Death rate
12.9 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Net migration rate
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 41.8% of total population (2019)
rate of urbanization: 2.52% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - population
870,000 BANGUI (capital) (2019)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.88 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.63 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 84.3 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 91.6 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 76.7 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 53.3 years (2018 est.)
male: 51.9 years
female: 54.7 years
Total fertility rate
4.25 children born/woman (2018 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
15.2% (2010/11)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
3.6% (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
110,000 (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
4,800 (2018 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 89.6% of population
rural: 54.4% of population
total: 68.5% of population
unimproved: urban: 10.4% of population
rural: 45.6% of population
total: 31.5% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 43.6% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 7.2% of population (2015 est.)
total: 21.8% of population (2015 est.)
unimproved: urban: 56.4% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 92.8% of population (2015 est.)
total: 78.2% of population (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseases
degree of risk: very high (2019)
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever (2019)
vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever (2019)
water contact diseases: schistosomiasis (2019)
animal contact diseases: rabies (2019)
respiratory diseases: meningococcal meningitis (2019)
Nationality
noun: Central African(s)
adjective: Central African
Ethnic groups
Baya 33%, Banda 27%, Mandjia 13%, Sara 10%, Mboum 7%, M'Baka 4%, Yakoma 4%, other 2%
Religions
indigenous beliefs 35%, Protestant 25%, Roman Catholic 25%, Muslim 15% (2018)

note: animistic beliefs and practices strongly influence the Christian majority

Demographic profile

The Central African Republic’s (CAR) humanitarian crisis has worsened since a coup in March 2013. CAR’s high mortality rate and low life expectancy are attributed to elevated rates of preventable and treatable diseases (including malaria and malnutrition), an inadequate health care system, precarious food security, and armed conflict. Some of the worst mortality rates are in western CAR’s diamond mining region, which is impoverished because of government attempts to control the diamond trade and the fall in industrial diamond prices. To make matters worse, the government and international donors have reduced health funding in recent years. The CAR’s weak educational system and low literacy rate have also suffered as a result of the country’s ongoing conflict. Schools are closed, qualified teachers are scarce, infrastructure, funding, and supplies are lacking and subject to looting, and many students and teachers are displaced by violence.

Rampant poverty, human rights violations, unemployment, poor infrastructure, and a lack of security and stability have led to forced displacement internally and externally. Since the political crisis that resulted in CAR’s March 2013 coup began in December 2012, approximately 370,000 people have fled to Chad, the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), and other neighboring countries, while more than an estimated 600,000 are displaced internally as of October 2017. The UN has urged countries to refrain from repatriating CAR refugees amid the heightened lawlessness.

Languages
French (official), Sangho (lingua franca and national language), tribal languages
Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 36.8%
male: 50.7%
female: 24.4% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 7 years
male: 8 years
female: 6 years (2012)
Education expenditures
1.2% of GDP (2011)
Maternal mortality rate
829 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight
24.6% (2012)
Health expenditures
4.3% (2016)
Physicians density
0.06 physicians/1,000 population (2015)
Hospital bed density
1 beds/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
7.5% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on December 7, 2019

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