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Central African Republic vs. Republic of the Congo

Demographics

Central African RepublicRepublic of the Congo
Population
5,990,855 (July 2020 est.)

note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected

5,293,070 (July 2020 est.)

note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected

Age structure
0-14 years: 39.49% (male 1,188,682/female 1,176,958)
15-24 years: 19.89% (male 598,567/female 593,075)
25-54 years: 32.95% (male 988,077/female 986,019)
55-64 years: 4.32% (male 123,895/female 134,829)
65 years and over: 3.35% (male 78,017/female 122,736) (2020 est.)
0-14 years: 41.57% (male 1,110,484/female 1,089,732)
15-24 years: 17.14% (male 454,981/female 452,204)
25-54 years: 33.5% (male 886,743/female 886,312)
55-64 years: 4.59% (male 125,207/female 117,810)
65 years and over: 3.2% (male 75,921/female 93,676) (2020 est.)
Median age
total: 20 years
male: 19.7 years
female: 20.3 years (2020 est.)
total: 19.5 years
male: 19.3 years
female: 19.7 years (2020 est.)
Population growth rate
2.09% (2020 est.)
2.26% (2020 est.)
Birth rate
33.2 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
32.6 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Death rate
12.3 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
8.7 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Net migration rate
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
-0.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.92 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.64 male(s)/female
total population: 98.8 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.81 male(s)/female
total population: 100.5 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 80.6 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 87.7 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 73.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
total: 50.7 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 55.3 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 45.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 54.2 years
male: 52.7 years
female: 55.7 years (2020 est.)
total population: 61.3 years
male: 59.9 years
female: 62.7 years (2020 est.)
Total fertility rate
4.14 children born/woman (2020 est.)
4.45 children born/woman (2020 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
3.6% (2019 est.)
3.1% (2019 est.)
Nationality
noun: Central African(s)
adjective: Central African
noun: Congolese (singular and plural)
adjective: Congolese or Congo
Ethnic groups
Baya 28.8%, Banda 22.9%, Mandjia 9.9%, Sara 7.9%, M'Baka-Bantu 7.9%, Arab-Fulani (Peul) 6%, Mbum 6%, Ngbanki 5.5%, Zande-Nzakara 3%, other Central African Republic ethnic groups 2%, non-Central African Republic ethnic groups .1%
Kongo 40.5%, Teke 16.9%, Mbochi 13.1%, foreigner 8.2%, Sangha 5.6%, Mbere/Mbeti/Kele 4.4%, Punu 4.3%, Pygmy 1.6%, Oubanguiens 1.6%, Duma 1.5%, Makaa 1.3%, other and unspecified 1% (2014-15 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
100,000 (2019 est.)
100,000 (2019 est.)
Religions
Christian 89.5%, Muslim 8.5%, folk 1%, unaffiliated 1% (2010 est.)

note: animistic beliefs and practices strongly influence the Christian majority

Roman Catholic 33.1%, Awakening Churches/Christian Revival 22.3%, Protestant 19.9%, Salutiste 2.2%, Muslim 1.6%, Kimbanguiste 1.5%, other 8.1%, none 11.3% (2010 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
3,800 (2019 est.)
4,500 (2019 est.)
Languages
French (official), Sangho (lingua franca and national language), tribal languages
French (official), French Lingala and Monokutuba (lingua franca trade languages), many local languages and dialects (of which Kikongo is the most widespread)
Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 37.4%
male: 49.5%
female: 25.8% (2018)
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 80.3%
male: 86.1%
female: 74.6% (2018)
Major infectious diseases
degree of risk: very high (2020)
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever
water contact diseases: schistosomiasis
animal contact diseases: rabies
respiratory diseases: meningococcal meningitis
degree of risk: very high (2020)
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
vectorborne diseases: malaria and dengue fever
water contact diseases: schistosomiasis
animal contact diseases: rabies
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 7 years
male: 8 years
female: 6 years (2012)
total: 11 years
male: 11 years
female: 11 years (2012)
Education expenditures
1.2% of GDP (2011)
4.6% of GDP (2015)
Urbanization
urban population: 42.2% of total population (2020)
rate of urbanization: 2.52% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
urban population: 67.8% of total population (2020)
rate of urbanization: 3.28% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 89.6% of population
rural: 54.4% of population
total: 68.5% of population
unimproved: urban: 10.4% of population
rural: 45.6% of population
total: 31.5% of population (2015 est.)
improved: urban: 97.5% of population
rural: 56.4% of population
total: 83.7% of population
unimproved: urban: 2.5% of population
rural: 43.6% of population
total: 16.3% of population (2017 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 43.6% of population
rural: 7.2% of population
total: 21.8% of population
unimproved: urban: 56.4% of population
rural: 92.8% of population
total: 78.2% of population (2015 est.)
improved: urban: 73.4% of population
rural: 15.1% of population
total: 53.9% of population
unimproved: urban: 26.6% of population
rural: 84.9% of population
total: 46.1% of population (2017 est.)
Major cities - population
889,000 BANGUI (capital) (2020)
2.388 million BRAZZAVILLE (capital), 1.214 million Pointe-Noire (2020)
Maternal mortality rate
829 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
378 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight
20.8% (2018)
12.3% (2015)
Health expenditures
5.8% (2017)
2.9% (2017)
Physicians density
0.07 physicians/1,000 population (2015)
0.16 physicians/1,000 population (2011)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
7.5% (2016)
9.6% (2016)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
15.2% (2010/11)
30.1% (2014/15)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 86.4
youth dependency ratio: 81.1
elderly dependency ratio: 5.2
potential support ratio: 19.2 (2020 est.)
total dependency ratio: 78.7
youth dependency ratio: 73.7
elderly dependency ratio: 4.9
potential support ratio: 20.3 (2020 est.)

Source: CIA Factbook