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Bosnia and Herzegovina Demographics Profile

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Population
3,835,586 (July 2020 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 13.18% (male 261,430/female 244,242)
15-24 years: 10.83% (male 214,319/female 201,214)
25-54 years: 44.52% (male 859,509/female 848,071)
55-64 years: 15.24% (male 284,415/female 300,168)
65 years and over: 16.22% (male 249,624/female 372,594) (2020 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 48
youth dependency ratio: 21.5
elderly dependency ratio: 26.5
potential support ratio: 3.8 (2020 est.)
Median age
total: 43.3 years
male: 41.6 years
female: 44.8 years (2020 est.)
Population growth rate
-0.19% (2020 est.)
Birth rate
8.6 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Death rate
10.2 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Net migration rate
-0.4 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 49% of total population (2020)
rate of urbanization: 0.55% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - population
343,000 SARAJEVO (capital) (2020)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.67 male(s)/female
total population: 95.1 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
27.3 years (2017 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 5.2 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 5.3 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 5.1 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 77.5 years
male: 74.5 years
female: 80.7 years (2020 est.)
Total fertility rate
1.33 children born/woman (2020 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
45.8% (2011/12)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
<.1% (2018)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
<500 (2018)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
<100 (2018)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 99.9% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 99.9% of population
unimproved: urban: 0.1% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0.1% of population (2017 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 98.9% of population
rural: 92.1% of population
total: 95.4% of population
unimproved: urban: 1.1% of population
rural: 7.9% of population
total: 4.5% of population (2017 est.)
Nationality
noun: Bosnian(s), Herzegovinian(s)
adjective: Bosnian, Herzegovinian
Ethnic groups
Bosniak 50.1%, Serb 30.8%, Croat 15.4%, other 2.7%, not declared/no answer 1% (2013 est.)

note: Republika Srpska authorities dispute the methodology and refuse to recognize the results; Bosniak has replaced Muslim as an ethnic term in part to avoid confusion with the religious term Muslim - an adherent of Islam

Religions
Muslim 50.7%, Orthodox 30.7%, Roman Catholic 15.2%, atheist 0.8%, agnostic 0.3%, other 1.2%, undeclared/no answer 1.1% (2013 est.)
Languages
Bosnian (official) 52.9%, Serbian (official) 30.8%, Croatian (official) 14.6%, other 1.6%, no answer 0.2% (2013 est.)
Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.5%
male: 99.5%
female: 97.5% (2015)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 14 years
male: 14 years
female: 15 years (2014)
Education expenditures
NA
Maternal mortality rate
10 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight
1.6% (2012)
Health expenditures
8.9% (2017)
Physicians density
2.16 physicians/1,000 population (2015)
Hospital bed density
3.5 beds/1,000 population (2014)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
17.9% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on Friday, November 27, 2020

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