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Bosnia and Herzegovina Demographics Profile 2018

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Population3,856,181 (July 2017 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 13.29% (male 264,718/female 247,587)
15-24 years: 11.58% (male 230,495/female 216,107)
25-54 years: 45.88% (male 889,686/female 879,514)
55-64 years: 14.83% (male 275,550/female 296,236)
65 years and over: 14.43% (male 218,823/female 337,465) (2017 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 43.3
youth dependency ratio: 20.7
elderly dependency ratio: 22.5
potential support ratio: 4.4 (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 42.1 years
male: 40.5 years
female: 43.5 years (2017 est.)
Population growth rate-0.16% (2017 est.)
Birth rate8.8 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Death rate10 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Net migration rate-0.4 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 40.1% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 0.38% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - populationSARAJEVO (capital) 318,000 (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.92 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.64 male(s)/female
total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth27 years (2014 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 5.5 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 5.6 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 5.4 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 76.9 years
male: 73.9 years
female: 80.2 years (2017 est.)
Total fertility rate1.3 children born/woman (2017 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate45.8% (2011/12)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateNA
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSNA
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 99.7% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 99.9% of population
unimproved:
urban: 0.3% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0.1% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 98.9% of population
rural: 92% of population
total: 94.8% of population
unimproved:
urban: 1.1% of population
rural: 8% of population
total: 5.2% of population (2015 est.)
Nationalitynoun: Bosnian(s), Herzegovinian(s)
adjective: Bosnian, Herzegovinian
Ethnic groupsBosniak 50.1%, Serb 30.8%, Croat 15.4%, other 2.7%, not declared/no answer 1%
note: the methodology remains disputed and Republika Srspka authorities refuse to recognize the results; Bosniak has replaced Muslim as an ethnic term in part to avoid confusion with the religious term Muslim - an adherent of Islam (2013 est.)
ReligionsMuslim 50.7%, Orthodox 30.7%, Roman Catholic 15.2%, atheist 0.8%, agnostic 0.3%, other 1.2%, undeclared/no answer 1.1% (2013 est.)
LanguagesBosnian (official) 52.9%, Serbian (official) 30.8%, Croatian (official) 14.6%, other 1.6%, no answer 0.2% (2013 est.)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.5%
male: 99.5%
female: 97.5% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 14 years
male: 14 years
female: 15 years (2014)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 24,722
percentage: 5% (2006 est.)
Education expendituresNA
Maternal mortality rate11 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight1.5% (2012)
Health expenditures9.6% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density1.89 physicians/1,000 population (2013)
Hospital bed density3.5 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate17.9% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

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