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Bosnia and Herzegovina Demographics Profile 2019

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Population
3,849,891 (July 2018 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 13.24% (male 263,338 /female 246,220)
15-24 years: 11.26% (male 223,824 /female 209,829)
25-54 years: 45.51% (male 881,331 /female 870,601)
55-64 years: 14.95% (male 278,460 /female 297,231)
65 years and over: 15.04% (male 229,282 /female 349,775) (2018 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 43.3 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 20.7 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 22.5 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 4.4 (2015 est.)
Median age
total: 42.5 years (2018 est.)
male: 40.9 years
female: 43.9 years
Population growth rate
-0.17% (2018 est.)
Birth rate
8.7 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Death rate
10.1 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Net migration rate
-0.4 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Urbanization
urban population: 48.6% of total population (2019)
rate of urbanization: 0.55% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - population
343,000 SARAJEVO (capital) (2019)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.66 male(s)/female
total population: 0.95 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
Mother's mean age at first birth
27 years (2014 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 5.4 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 5.5 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 5.3 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 77.1 years (2018 est.)
male: 74.1 years
female: 80.3 years
Total fertility rate
1.31 children born/woman (2018 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
45.8% (2011/12)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
<.1% (2018)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
<500 (2018)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
<100 (2018)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 99.7% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 99.9% of population
unimproved: urban: 0.3% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0.1% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 98.9% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 92% of population (2015 est.)
total: 94.8% of population (2015 est.)
unimproved: urban: 1.1% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 8% of population (2015 est.)
total: 5.2% of population (2015 est.)
Nationality
noun: Bosnian(s), Herzegovinian(s)
adjective: Bosnian, Herzegovinian
Ethnic groups
Bosniak 50.1%, Serb 30.8%, Croat 15.4%, other 2.7%, not declared/no answer 1% (2013 est.)

note: Republika Srpska authorities dispute the methodology and refuse to recognize the results; Bosniak has replaced Muslim as an ethnic term in part to avoid confusion with the religious term Muslim - an adherent of Islam

Religions
Muslim 50.7%, Orthodox 30.7%, Roman Catholic 15.2%, atheist 0.8%, agnostic 0.3%, other 1.2%, undeclared/no answer 1.1% (2013 est.)
Languages
Bosnian (official) 52.9%, Serbian (official) 30.8%, Croatian (official) 14.6%, other 1.6%, no answer 0.2% (2013 est.)
Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.5%
male: 99.5%
female: 97.5% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 14 years
male: 14 years
female: 15 years (2014)
Education expenditures
NA
Maternal mortality rate
10 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight
1.6% (2012)
Health expenditures
9.2% (2016)
Physicians density
1.89 physicians/1,000 population (2013)
Hospital bed density
3.5 beds/1,000 population (2013)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
17.9% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on December 7, 2019

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