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Bosnia and Herzegovina vs. Montenegro

Demographics

Bosnia and HerzegovinaMontenegro
Population
3,835,586 (July 2020 est.)
609,859 (July 2020 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 13.18% (male 261,430/female 244,242)
15-24 years: 10.83% (male 214,319/female 201,214)
25-54 years: 44.52% (male 859,509/female 848,071)
55-64 years: 15.24% (male 284,415/female 300,168)
65 years and over: 16.22% (male 249,624/female 372,594) (2020 est.)
0-14 years: 18.14% (male 57,402/female 53,217)
15-24 years: 12.78% (male 40,220/female 37,720)
25-54 years: 39.65% (male 120,374/female 121,461)
55-64 years: 13.41% (male 40,099/female 41,670)
65 years and over: 16.02% (male 42,345/female 55,351) (2020 est.)
Median age
total: 43.3 years
male: 41.6 years
female: 44.8 years (2020 est.)
total: 39.6 years
male: 38.1 years
female: 41.1 years (2020 est.)
Population growth rate
-0.19% (2020 est.)
-0.37% (2020 est.)
Birth rate
8.6 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
11.5 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Death rate
10.2 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
10.4 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Net migration rate
-0.4 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
-4.9 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.67 male(s)/female
total population: 95.1 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
at birth: 1.04 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.08 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 0.99 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/female
total population: 97.1 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 5.2 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 5.3 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 5.1 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
total: 3.4 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 2.8 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 4 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 77.5 years
male: 74.5 years
female: 80.7 years (2020 est.)
total population: 77.3 years
male: 74.8 years
female: 79.8 years (2020 est.)
Total fertility rate
1.33 children born/woman (2020 est.)
1.82 children born/woman (2020 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
<.1% (2018)
<.1% (2019 est.)
Nationality
noun: Bosnian(s), Herzegovinian(s)
adjective: Bosnian, Herzegovinian
noun: Montenegrin(s)
adjective: Montenegrin
Ethnic groups
Bosniak 50.1%, Serb 30.8%, Croat 15.4%, other 2.7%, not declared/no answer 1% (2013 est.)

note: Republika Srpska authorities dispute the methodology and refuse to recognize the results; Bosniak has replaced Muslim as an ethnic term in part to avoid confusion with the religious term Muslim - an adherent of Islam

Montenegrin 45%, Serbian 28.7%, Bosniak 8.7%, Albanian 4.9%, Muslim 3.3%, Romani 1%, Croat 1%, other 2.6%, unspecified 4.9% (2011 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
<500 (2018)
<500 (2019 est.)
Religions
Muslim 50.7%, Orthodox 30.7%, Roman Catholic 15.2%, atheist 0.8%, agnostic 0.3%, other 1.2%, undeclared/no answer 1.1% (2013 est.)
Orthodox 72.1%, Muslim 19.1%, Catholic 3.4%, atheist 1.2%, other 1.5%, unspecified 2.6% (2011 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
<100 (2018)
<100 (2019 est.)
Languages
Bosnian (official) 52.9%, Serbian (official) 30.8%, Croatian (official) 14.6%, other 1.6%, no answer 0.2% (2013 est.)
Serbian 42.9%, Montenegrin (official) 37%, Bosnian 5.3%, Albanian 5.3%, Serbo-Croat 2%, other 3.5%, unspecified 4% (2011 est.)
Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.5%
male: 99.5%
female: 97.5% (2015)
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.8%
male: 99.5%
female: 98.3% (2018)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 14 years
male: 14 years
female: 15 years (2014)
total: 15 years
male: 15 years
female: 15 years (2019)
Education expenditures
NA
NA
Urbanization
urban population: 49% of total population (2020)
rate of urbanization: 0.55% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
urban population: 67.5% of total population (2020)
rate of urbanization: 0.54% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 99.9% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 99.9% of population
unimproved: urban: 0.1% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0.1% of population (2017 est.)
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 99.8% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0.2% of population (2017 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 98.9% of population
rural: 92.1% of population
total: 95.4% of population
unimproved: urban: 1.1% of population
rural: 7.9% of population
total: 4.5% of population (2017 est.)
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 93.9% of population
total: 97.8% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 6.1% of population
total: 2.2% of population (2017 est.)
Major cities - population
343,000 SARAJEVO (capital) (2020)
177,000 PODGORICA (capital) (2018)
Maternal mortality rate
10 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
6 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight
1.6% (2012)
1% (2013)
Health expenditures
8.9% (2017)
7.6% (2016)
Physicians density
2.16 physicians/1,000 population (2015)
2.38 physicians/1,000 population (2015)
Hospital bed density
3.5 beds/1,000 population (2014)
3.9 beds/1,000 population (2017)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
17.9% (2016)
23.3% (2016)
Mother's mean age at first birth
27.3 years (2017 est.)
26.3 years (2010 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
45.8% (2011/12)
20.7% (2018)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 48
youth dependency ratio: 21.5
elderly dependency ratio: 26.5
potential support ratio: 3.8 (2020 est.)
total dependency ratio: 51.1
youth dependency ratio: 27.3
elderly dependency ratio: 23.8
potential support ratio: 4.2 (2020 est.)

Source: CIA Factbook