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Bosnia and Herzegovina vs. Croatia

Demographics

Bosnia and HerzegovinaCroatia
Population
3,835,586 (July 2020 est.)
4,227,746 (July 2020 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 13.18% (male 261,430/female 244,242)
15-24 years: 10.83% (male 214,319/female 201,214)
25-54 years: 44.52% (male 859,509/female 848,071)
55-64 years: 15.24% (male 284,415/female 300,168)
65 years and over: 16.22% (male 249,624/female 372,594) (2020 est.)
0-14 years: 14.16% (male 308,668/female 289,996)
15-24 years: 10.76% (male 233,602/female 221,495)
25-54 years: 39.77% (male 841,930/female 839,601)
55-64 years: 14.24% (male 290,982/female 310,969)
65 years and over: 21.06% (male 364,076/female 526,427) (2020 est.)
Median age
total: 43.3 years
male: 41.6 years
female: 44.8 years (2020 est.)
total: 43.9 years
male: 42 years
female: 45.9 years (2020 est.)
Population growth rate
-0.19% (2020 est.)
-0.5% (2020 est.)
Birth rate
8.6 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
8.7 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Death rate
10.2 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
12.8 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Net migration rate
-0.4 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
-1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.67 male(s)/female
total population: 95.1 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.69 male(s)/female
total population: 93.2 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 5.2 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 5.3 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 5.1 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
total: 8.6 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 8.4 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 8.9 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 77.5 years
male: 74.5 years
female: 80.7 years (2020 est.)
total population: 76.7 years
male: 73.6 years
female: 80.1 years (2020 est.)
Total fertility rate
1.33 children born/woman (2020 est.)
1.42 children born/woman (2020 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
<.1% (2018)
<.1% (2019 est.)
Nationality
noun: Bosnian(s), Herzegovinian(s)
adjective: Bosnian, Herzegovinian
noun: Croat(s), Croatian(s)
adjective: Croatian

note: the French designation of "Croate" to Croatian mercenaries in the 17th century eventually became "Cravate" and later came to be applied to the soldiers' scarves - the cravat; Croatia celebrates Cravat Day every 18 October

Ethnic groups
Bosniak 50.1%, Serb 30.8%, Croat 15.4%, other 2.7%, not declared/no answer 1% (2013 est.)

note: Republika Srpska authorities dispute the methodology and refuse to recognize the results; Bosniak has replaced Muslim as an ethnic term in part to avoid confusion with the religious term Muslim - an adherent of Islam

Croat 90.4%, Serb 4.4%, other 4.4% (including Bosniak, Hungarian, Slovene, Czech, and Romani), unspecified 0.8% (2011 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
<500 (2018)
1,600 (2019 est.)
Religions
Muslim 50.7%, Orthodox 30.7%, Roman Catholic 15.2%, atheist 0.8%, agnostic 0.3%, other 1.2%, undeclared/no answer 1.1% (2013 est.)
Roman Catholic 86.3%, Orthodox 4.4%, Muslim 1.5%, other 1.5%, unspecified 2.5%, not religious or atheist 3.8% (2011 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
<100 (2018)
<100 (2019 est.)
Languages
Bosnian (official) 52.9%, Serbian (official) 30.8%, Croatian (official) 14.6%, other 1.6%, no answer 0.2% (2013 est.)
Croatian (official) 95.6%, Serbian 1.2%, other 3% (including Hungarian, Czech, Slovak, and Albanian), unspecified 0.2% (2011 est.)
Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.5%
male: 99.5%
female: 97.5% (2015)
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.3%
male: 99.7%
female: 98.9% (2015)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 14 years
male: 14 years
female: 15 years (2014)
total: 15 years
male: 15 years
female: 16 years (2018)
Education expenditures
NA
4.6% of GDP (2013)
Urbanization
urban population: 49% of total population (2020)
rate of urbanization: 0.55% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
urban population: 57.6% of total population (2020)
rate of urbanization: -0.08% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 99.9% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 99.9% of population
unimproved: urban: 0.1% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0.1% of population (2017 est.)
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 100% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0% of population (2017 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 98.9% of population
rural: 92.1% of population
total: 95.4% of population
unimproved: urban: 1.1% of population
rural: 7.9% of population
total: 4.5% of population (2017 est.)
improved: urban: 99.5% of population
rural: 98.4% of population
total: 99% of population
unimproved: urban: 0.5% of population
rural: 1.6% of population
total: 1% of population (2017 est.)
Major cities - population
343,000 SARAJEVO (capital) (2020)
685,000 ZAGREB (capital) (2020)
Maternal mortality rate
10 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
8 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Health expenditures
8.9% (2017)
6.8% (2017)
Physicians density
2.16 physicians/1,000 population (2015)
3 physicians/1,000 population (2016)
Hospital bed density
3.5 beds/1,000 population (2014)
5.5 beds/1,000 population (2017)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
17.9% (2016)
24.4% (2016)
Mother's mean age at first birth
27.3 years (2017 est.)
28.9 years (2017 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 48
youth dependency ratio: 21.5
elderly dependency ratio: 26.5
potential support ratio: 3.8 (2020 est.)
total dependency ratio: 55.7
youth dependency ratio: 22.6
elderly dependency ratio: 33.1
potential support ratio: 3 (2020 est.)

Source: CIA Factbook