Home

Bosnia and Herzegovina vs. Serbia

Demographics

Bosnia and HerzegovinaSerbia
Population
3,835,586 (July 2020 est.)
7,012,165 (July 2020 est.)

note: does not include the population of Kosovo

Age structure
0-14 years: 13.18% (male 261,430/female 244,242)
15-24 years: 10.83% (male 214,319/female 201,214)
25-54 years: 44.52% (male 859,509/female 848,071)
55-64 years: 15.24% (male 284,415/female 300,168)
65 years and over: 16.22% (male 249,624/female 372,594) (2020 est.)
0-14 years: 14.07% (male 508,242/female 478,247)
15-24 years: 11.04% (male 399,435/female 374,718)
25-54 years: 41.19% (male 1,459,413/female 1,429,176)
55-64 years: 13.7% (male 464,881/female 495,663)
65 years and over: 20% (male 585,705/female 816,685) (2020 est.)
Median age
total: 43.3 years
male: 41.6 years
female: 44.8 years (2020 est.)
total: 43.4 years
male: 41.7 years
female: 45 years (2020 est.)
Population growth rate
-0.19% (2020 est.)
-0.47% (2020 est.)
Birth rate
8.6 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
8.8 births/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Death rate
10.2 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
13.5 deaths/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Net migration rate
-0.4 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2020 est.)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.67 male(s)/female
total population: 95.1 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
at birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.02 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.72 male(s)/female
total population: 95.1 male(s)/female (2020 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 5.2 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 5.3 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 5.1 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
total: 5.6 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 6.4 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 4.7 deaths/1,000 live births (2020 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 77.5 years
male: 74.5 years
female: 80.7 years (2020 est.)
total population: 76.3 years
male: 73.4 years
female: 79.4 years (2020 est.)
Total fertility rate
1.33 children born/woman (2020 est.)
1.46 children born/woman (2020 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
<.1% (2018)
<.1% (2019 est.)
Nationality
noun: Bosnian(s), Herzegovinian(s)
adjective: Bosnian, Herzegovinian
noun: Serb(s)
adjective: Serbian
Ethnic groups
Bosniak 50.1%, Serb 30.8%, Croat 15.4%, other 2.7%, not declared/no answer 1% (2013 est.)

note: Republika Srpska authorities dispute the methodology and refuse to recognize the results; Bosniak has replaced Muslim as an ethnic term in part to avoid confusion with the religious term Muslim - an adherent of Islam

Serb 83.3%, Hungarian 3.5%, Romani 2.1%, Bosniak 2%, other 5.7%, undeclared or unknown 3.4% (2011 est.)

note: most ethnic Albanians boycotted the 2011 census; Romani populations are usually underestimated in official statistics and may represent 5–11% of Serbia's population

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
<500 (2018)
3,200 (2019 est.)
Religions
Muslim 50.7%, Orthodox 30.7%, Roman Catholic 15.2%, atheist 0.8%, agnostic 0.3%, other 1.2%, undeclared/no answer 1.1% (2013 est.)
Orthodox 84.6%, Catholic 5%, Muslim 3.1%, Protestant 1%, atheist 1.1%, other 0.8% (includes agnostics, other Christians, Eastern, Jewish), undeclared or unknown 4.5% (2011 est.)

note: most ethnic Albanians boycotted the 2011 census

HIV/AIDS - deaths
<100 (2018)
<100 (2019 est.)
Languages
Bosnian (official) 52.9%, Serbian (official) 30.8%, Croatian (official) 14.6%, other 1.6%, no answer 0.2% (2013 est.)
Serbian (official) 88.1%, Hungarian 3.4%, Bosnian 1.9%, Romani 1.4%, other 3.4%, undeclared or unknown 1.8% (2011 est.)

note: Serbian, Hungarian, Slovak, Romanian, Croatian, and Ruthenian (Rusyn) are official in the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina; most ethnic Albanians boycotted the 2011 census

Literacy
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.5%
male: 99.5%
female: 97.5% (2015)
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.3%
male: 99.1%
female: 97.5% (2016)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 14 years
male: 14 years
female: 15 years (2014)
total: 15 years
male: 14 years
female: 15 years (2019)
Education expenditures
NA
4% of GDP (2017)
Urbanization
urban population: 49% of total population (2020)
rate of urbanization: 0.55% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
urban population: 56.4% of total population (2020)
rate of urbanization: -0.07% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)

note: data include Kosovo

Drinking water source
improved: urban: 99.9% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 99.9% of population
unimproved: urban: 0.1% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0.1% of population (2017 est.)
improved: urban: 99.4% of population
rural: 99% of population
total: 99.2% of population
unimproved: urban: 0.6% of population
rural: 1% of population
total: 0.8% of population (2017 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 98.9% of population
rural: 92.1% of population
total: 95.4% of population
unimproved: urban: 1.1% of population
rural: 7.9% of population
total: 4.5% of population (2017 est.)
improved: urban: 100% of population
rural: 95.1% of population
total: 97.6% of population
unimproved: urban: 0% of population
rural: 4.9% of population
total: 2.4% of population (2017 est.)
Major cities - population
343,000 SARAJEVO (capital) (2020)
1.398 million BELGRADE (capital) (2020)
Maternal mortality rate
10 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
12 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight
1.6% (2012)
1.8% (2014)
Health expenditures
8.9% (2017)
8.4% (2017)
Physicians density
2.16 physicians/1,000 population (2015)
3.11 physicians/1,000 population (2016)
Hospital bed density
3.5 beds/1,000 population (2014)
5.6 beds/1,000 population (2017)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
17.9% (2016)
21.5% (2016)
Mother's mean age at first birth
27.3 years (2017 est.)
28.4 years (2017 est.)

note: data do not cover Kosovo or Metohija

Contraceptive prevalence rate
45.8% (2011/12)
58.4% (2014)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 48
youth dependency ratio: 21.5
elderly dependency ratio: 26.5
potential support ratio: 3.8 (2020 est.)
total dependency ratio: 52.5
youth dependency ratio: 23.4
elderly dependency ratio: 29.1
potential support ratio: 3.4 (2020 est.)

note: data include Kosovo

Source: CIA Factbook