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Argentine Republic[A]

República Argentina  (Spanish)
Motto: 
Anthem: 
Sol de Mayo[2]
(Sun of May)

Sol de Mayo
Argentine territory in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled territory in light green.
Argentine territory in dark green; claimed but uncontrolled territory in light green.
Capital
and largest city
Buenos Aires
34°36′S58°23′W / 34.600°S 58.383°W / -34.600; -58.383
Official languagesNone
Recognised regional languages
National languageSpanish[a]
Ethnic groups
Religion
(2019)[12]
79.6% Christianity
—62.9% Roman Catholic
—15.3% Protestantism
—1.4% Other Christian
18.9% No religion
1.2% Other religions
0.3% Undeclared
Demonym(s)
GovernmentFederalpresidentialconstitutional republic
Alberto Fernández
Cristina Fernández de Kirchner
Santiago Cafiero
Sergio Massa
Carlos Rosenkrantz
LegislatureNational Congress
Senate
Chamber of Deputies
Independence 
from Spain
25 May 1810
9 July 1816
1 May 1853
Area
• Total
2,780,400 km2 (1,073,500 sq mi)[B] (8th)
• Water (%)
1.57
Population
• 2019 estimate
44,938,712 (31st)
• 2010 census
40,117,096[13]
• Density
14.4/km2 (37.3/sq mi)[13] (214th)
GDP (PPP)2019 estimate
• Total
$903.542 billion[14] (25th)
• Per capita
$20,055[14] (56th)
GDP (nominal)2019 estimate
• Total
$445.469 billion[14] (30th)
• Per capita
$9,887[14] (53rd)
Gini (2018)Negative increase 41.4[15]
medium
HDI (2018)Decrease 0.830[16]
very high · 48th
CurrencyPeso ($) (ARS)
Time zoneUTC−3 (ART)
Date formatdd.mm.yyyy (CE)
Driving sideright[b]
Calling code+54
ISO 3166 codeAR
Internet TLD.ar
  1. ^Though not declared official de jure, the Spanish language is the only one used in the wording of laws, decrees, resolutions, official documents and public acts.
  2. ^10 June 1945, but trains are still driven on left.

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on November 27, 2020


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