Flag of Argentina

Argentina Demographics Profile 2019

Home > Factbook > Countries > Argentina

44,694,198 (July 2018 est.)
Age structure
0-14 years: 24.44% (male 5,629,345 /female 5,293,680)
15-24 years: 15.2% (male 3,476,344 /female 3,317,151)
25-54 years: 39.46% (male 8,808,591 /female 8,826,379)
55-64 years: 9.12% (male 1,977,421 /female 2,096,665)
65 years and over: 11.79% (male 2,216,487 /female 3,052,135) (2018 est.)
Dependency ratios
total dependency ratio: 56.5 (2015 est.)
youth dependency ratio: 39.4 (2015 est.)
elderly dependency ratio: 17.1 (2015 est.)
potential support ratio: 5.8 (2015 est.)
Median age
total: 31.9 years (2018 est.)
male: 30.7 years
female: 33.1 years
Population growth rate
0.89% (2018 est.)
Birth rate
16.5 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Death rate
7.5 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)
Net migration rate
-0.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)
urban population: 92% of total population (2019)
rate of urbanization: 1.07% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - population
15.057 million BUENOS AIRES (capital), 1.560 million Cordoba, 1.510 million Rosario, 1.153 million Mendoza, 971,000 San Miguel de Tucuman, 874,000 La Plata (2019)
Sex ratio
at birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.73 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2018 est.)
Infant mortality rate
total: 9.5 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)
male: 10.4 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 8.5 deaths/1,000 live births
Life expectancy at birth
total population: 77.5 years (2018 est.)
male: 74.4 years
female: 80.8 years
Total fertility rate
2.25 children born/woman (2018 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate
81.3% (2013)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate
0.4% (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS
140,000 (2018 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths
1,700 (2018 est.)
Drinking water source
improved: urban: 99% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 99.1% of population
unimproved: urban: 1% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0.9% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility access
improved: urban: 96.2% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 98.3% of population (2015 est.)
total: 96.4% of population (2015 est.)
unimproved: urban: 3.8% of population (2015 est.)
rural: 1.7% of population (2015 est.)
total: 3.6% of population (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseases

note: active local transmission of Zika virus by Aedes species mosquitoes has been identified in this country (as of August 2016); it poses an important risk (a large number of cases possible) among US citizens if bitten by an infective mosquito; other less common ways to get Zika are through sex, via blood transfusion, or during pregnancy, in which the pregnant woman passes Zika virus to her fetus

noun: Argentine(s)
adjective: Argentine
Ethnic groups
European (mostly Spanish and Italian descent) and mestizo (mixed European and Amerindian ancestry) 97.2%, Amerindian 2.4%, African 0.4% (2010 est.)
nominally Roman Catholic 92% (less than 20% practicing), Protestant 2%, Jewish 2%, other 4%
Demographic profile

Argentina's population continues to grow but at a slower rate because of its steadily declining birth rate. Argentina's fertility decline began earlier than in the rest of Latin America, occurring most rapidly between the early 20th century and the 1950s, and then becoming more gradual. Life expectancy has been improving, most notably among the young and the poor. While the population under age 15 is shrinking, the youth cohort - ages 15-24 - is the largest in Argentina's history and will continue to bolster the working-age population. If this large working-age population is well-educated and gainfully employed, Argentina is likely to experience an economic boost and possibly higher per capita savings and investment. Although literacy and primary school enrollment are nearly universal, grade repetition is problematic and secondary school completion is low. Both of these issues vary widely by region and socioeconomic group.

Argentina has been primarily a country of immigration for most of its history, welcoming European immigrants (often providing needed low-skilled labor) after its independence in the 19th century and attracting especially large numbers from Spain and Italy. More than 7 million European immigrants are estimated to have arrived in Argentina between 1880 and 1930, when it adopted a more restrictive immigration policy. European immigration also began to wane in the 1930s because of the global depression. The inflow rebounded temporarily following WWII and resumed its decline in the 1950s when Argentina's military dictators tightened immigration rules and European economies rebounded. Regional migration increased, however, supplying low-skilled workers escaping economic and political instability in their home countries. As of 2015, immigrants made up almost 5% of Argentina's population, the largest share in South America. Migration from neighboring countries accounted for approximately 80% of Argentina's immigrant population in 2015.

The first waves of highly skilled Argentine emigrant workers headed mainly to the United States and Spain in the 1960s and 1970s, driven by economic decline and repressive military dictatorships. The 2008 European economic crisis drove the return migration of some Argentinean and other Latin American nationals, as well as the immigration of Europeans to South America, where Argentina was a key recipient. In 2015, Argentina received the highest number of legal migrants in Latin America and the Caribbean. The majority of its migrant inflow came from Paraguay and Bolivia.

Spanish (official), Italian, English, German, French, indigenous (Mapudungun, Quechua)
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 99.1%
male: 99.1%
female: 99.1% (2016 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)
total: 18 years
male: 16 years
female: 19 years (2016)
Education expenditures
5.6% of GDP (2016)
Maternal mortality rate
39 deaths/100,000 live births (2017 est.)
Health expenditures
7.5% (2016)
Physicians density
3.96 physicians/1,000 population (2017)
Hospital bed density
5 beds/1,000 population (2014)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate
28.3% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on December 7, 2019

Demographics Comparison