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Argentina Demographics Profile 2018

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Population44,293,293 (July 2017 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 24.59% (male 5,612,766/female 5,278,857)
15-24 years: 15.28% (male 3,460,276/female 3,307,227)
25-54 years: 39.38% (male 8,707,818/female 8,733,370)
55-64 years: 9.13% (male 1,963,923/female 2,081,796)
65 years and over: 11.62% (male 2,159,811/female 2,987,449) (2017 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 56.5
youth dependency ratio: 39.4
elderly dependency ratio: 17.1
potential support ratio: 5.8 (2015 est.)
Median agetotal: 31.7 years
male: 30.5 years
female: 32.9 years (2017 est.)
Population growth rate0.91% (2017 est.)
Birth rate16.7 births/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Death rate7.5 deaths/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Net migration rate-0.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 92% of total population (2017)
rate of urbanization: 0.93% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)
Major cities - populationBUENOS AIRES (capital) 15.18 million; Cordoba 1.511 million; Rosario 1.381 million; Mendoza 1.009 million; San Miguel de Tucuman 910,000; La Plata 846,000 (2015)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.71 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2016 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 9.8 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 10.7 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 8.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2017 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 77.3 years
male: 74.2 years
female: 80.6 years (2017 est.)
Total fertility rate2.26 children born/woman (2017 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate81.3% (2013)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate0.4% (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS120,000 (2016 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths2,400 (2016 est.)
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 99% of population
rural: 100% of population
total: 99.1% of population
urban: 1% of population
rural: 0% of population
total: 0.9% of population (2015 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 96.2% of population
rural: 98.3% of population
total: 96.4% of population
urban: 3.8% of population
rural: 1.7% of population
total: 3.6% of population (2015 est.)
Major infectious diseasesnote: active local transmission of Zika virus by Aedes species mosquitoes has been identified in this country (as of August 2016); it poses an important risk (a large number of cases possible) among US citizens if bitten by an infective mosquito; other less common ways to get Zika are through sex, via blood transfusion, or during pregnancy, in which the pregnant woman passes Zika virus to her fetus (2016)
Nationalitynoun: Argentine(s)
adjective: Argentine
Ethnic groupsEuropean (mostly Spanish and Italian descent) and mestizo (mixed European and Amerindian ancestry) 97.2%, Amerindian 2.4%, African 0.4% (2010 est.)
Religionsnominally Roman Catholic 92% (less than 20% practicing), Protestant 2%, Jewish 2%, other 4%
Demographic profileArgentina's population continues to grow but at a slower rate because of its steadily declining birth rate. Argentina's fertility decline began earlier than in the rest of Latin America, occurring most rapidly between the early 20th century and the 1950s and then becoming more gradual. Life expectancy has been improving, most notably among the young and the poor. While the population under age 15 is shrinking, the youth cohort - ages 15-24 - is the largest in Argentina's history and will continue to bolster the working-age population. If this large working-age population is well-educated and gainfully employed, Argentina is likely to experience an economic boost and possibly higher per capita savings and investment. Although literacy and primary school enrollment are nearly universal, grade repetition is problematic and secondary school completion is low. Both of these issues vary widely by region and socioeconomic group.
Argentina has been primarily a country of immigration for most of its history, welcoming European immigrants (often providing needed low-skilled labor) after its independence in the 19th century and attracting especially large numbers from Spain and Italy. More than 7 million European immigrants are estimated to have arrived in Argentina between 1880 and 1930, when it adopted a more restrictive immigration policy. European immigration also began to wane in the 1930s because of the global depression. The inflow rebounded temporarily following WWII and resumed its decline in the 1950s when Argentina’s military dictators tightened immigration rules and European economies rebounded. Regional migration increased, however, supplying low-skilled workers escaping economic and political instability in their home countries. As of 2015, immigrants made up almost 5% of Argentina’s population, the largest share in South America. Migration from neighboring countries accounted for approximately 80% of Argentina’s immigrant population in 2015.
The first waves of highly skilled Argentine emigrant workers headed mainly to the United States and Spain in the 1960s and 1970s, driven by economic decline and repressive military dictatorships. The 2008 European economic crisis drove the return migration of some Argentinean and other Latin American nationals, as well as the immigration of Europeans to South America, where Argentina was a key recipient. In 2015, Argentina received the highest number of legal migrants in Latin America and the Caribbean. The majority of its migrant inflow came from Paraguay and Bolivia.
LanguagesSpanish (official), Italian, English, German, French, indigenous (Mapudungun, Quechua)
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 98.1%
male: 98%
female: 98.1% (2015 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 17 years
male: 16 years
female: 18 years (2014)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 435,252
percentage: 7%
note: data represent children ages 5-13 (2003 est.)
Education expenditures5.5% of GDP (2014)
Maternal mortality rate52 deaths/100,000 live births (2015 est.)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight2.3% (2005)
Health expenditures4.8% of GDP (2014)
Physicians density3.76 physicians/1,000 population (2013)
Hospital bed density4.7 beds/1,000 population (2012)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate28.3% (2016)

Source: CIA World Factbook
This page was last updated on January 20, 2018

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