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Turkmenistan
Türkmenistan  (Turkmen)
FlagEmblem
Anthem: 
Garaşsyz Bitarap Türkmenistanyň Döwlet Gimni
State Anthem of Independent, Neutral Turkmenistan

Location of  Turkmenistan  (red)
Location of  Turkmenistan  (red)
Capital
and largest city
Ashgabat
37°58′N58°20′E / 37.967°N 58.333°E / 37.967; 58.333
Official languagesTurkmen
Inter-ethnic
languages
Russian
Ethnic groups (2003[1])
DemonymTurkmen
GovernmentUnitarypresidential republic
 • PresidentGurbanguly Berdimuhamedow
 • Chairman of the MejlisAkja Nurberdiýewa
LegislatureMejlis
Formation
 • Khanate of Khiva1511 
 • Turkestan ASSR30 April 1918 
 • Turkmen SSR13 May 1925 
 • Declared independence from the Soviet Union27 October 1991 
 • Recognized25 December 1991 
Area
 • Total491,210 km2[2] (53rd)
188,456 sq mi
 • Water (%)4.9
Population
 • 2014 estimate5,171,943[3] (117th)
 • Density10.5/km2 (221st)
27.1/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
 • Total$93.271 billion[4]
 • Per capita$17,072[4]
GDP (nominal)2016 estimate
 • Total$35.398 billion[4]
 • Per capita$6,479[4]
Gini (1998)40.8
medium
HDI (2014)Increase 0.688[5]
medium ·109th
CurrencyTurkmen new manat (TMT)
Time zoneTMT (UTC+5)
Drives on theright
Calling code+993
ISO 3166 codeTM
Internet TLD.tm

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of October 9, 2016


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