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Turkmenistan
Türkmenistan  (Turkmen)
FlagEmblem
Anthem: 
Garaşsyz Bitarap Türkmenistanyň Döwlet Gimni
State Anthem of Independent, Neutral Turkmenistan

Location of  Turkmenistan  (red)
Location of  Turkmenistan  (red)
Capital
and largest city
Ashgabat
37°58′N58°20′E / 37.967°N 58.333°E / 37.967; 58.333
Official languagesTurkmen
Inter-ethnic
languages
Russian
Ethnic groups (2003)
DemonymTurkmen
GovernmentUnitarypresidential republic
 - PresidentGurbanguly Berdimuhamedow
 - Chairman of the MejlisAkja Nurberdiýewa
LegislatureMejlis
Independencefrom the Soviet Union
 - Declared27 October 1991 
 - Recognized25 December 1991 
Area
 - Total491,210 km2[1] (52nd)
188,456 sq mi
 - Water (%)4.9
Population
 - 2014 estimate5,171,943[2] (117th)
 - Density10.5/km2 (208th)
27.1/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2014 estimate
 - Total$82.151 billion[3]
 - Per capita$14,174[3]
GDP (nominal)2014 estimate
 - Total$47.542 billion[3]
 - Per capita$8,203[3]
HDI (2013)Increase 0.698[4]
medium ·103rd
CurrencyTurkmen new manat (TMT)
Time zoneTMT (UTC+5)
Drives on theright
Calling code+993
ISO 3166 codeTM
Internet TLD.tm

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of June 30, 2015


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