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Italian Republic
Repubblica Italiana  (Italian)
FlagEmblem
Anthem: Il Canto degli Italiani  (Italian)
"The Song of the Italians"
Location of  Italy  (dark green)– in Europe  (light green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (light green)  –  [Legend]
Location of  Italy  (dark green)

– in Europe  (light green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (light green)  –  [Legend]

Capital
and largest city
Rome
41°54′N12°29′E / 41.900°N 12.483°E / 41.900; 12.483
Official languagesItaliana
DemonymItalian
GovernmentUnitaryparliamentary
constitutional republic
 • PresidentSergio Mattarella
 • Prime MinisterMatteo Renzi
 • President of the Senate of the RepublicPietro Grasso
 • President of the Chamber of DeputiesLaura Boldrini
LegislatureParliament
 • Upper houseSenate of the Republic
 • Lower houseChamber of Deputies
Formation
 • Unification17 March 1861 
 • Republic2 June 1946 
 • Founded the EEC(now the European Union)1 January 1958 
Area
 • Total301,338 km2 (72nd)
116,347 sq mi
 • Water (%)2.4
Population
 • 2015 estimate60,674,003 [1] (23rd)
 • 2011 census59,433,744[2] (23rd)
 • Density201.3/km2 (63rd)
521.5/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
 • Total$2.213 trillion[3] (12th)
 • Per capita$36,191[3] (31st)
GDP (nominal)2016 estimate
 • Total$1.852 trillion[3] (8th)
 • Per capita$30,294[3] (25th)
Gini (2014)32.7[4]
medium
HDI (2014)Steady 0.873[5]
very high ·27th
CurrencyEuro ()b (EUR)
Time zoneCET(UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST)CEST (UTC+2)
Drives on theright
Calling code+39c
ISO 3166 codeIT
Internet TLD.itd
a.French is co-official in the Aosta Valley; Slovene is co-official in the province of Trieste and the province of Gorizia; German and Ladin are co-official in South Tyrol.
b.Before 2002, the Italian Lira. The euro is accepted in Campione d'Italia, but the official currency there is the Swiss Franc.[6]
c.To call Campione d'Italia, it is necessary to use the Swiss code +41.
d.The .eu domain is also used, as it is shared with other European Union member states.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of October 9, 2016


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