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Italian Republic
Repubblica Italiana  (Italian)
Anthem: Il Canto degli Italiani  (Italian)
"The Song of the Italians"
Location of  Italy  (dark green)– in Europe  (light green & dark grey)– in the European Union  (light green)  –  [Legend]
Location of  Italy  (dark green)

– in Europe  (light green & dark grey)
– in the European Union  (light green)  –  [Legend]

Capital
and largest city
Rome
41°54′N12°29′E / 41.900°N 12.483°E / 41.900; 12.483
Official language
and national language
Italiana
Religion
DemonymItalian
GovernmentUnitaryparliamentaryrepublic
Sergio Mattarella
Paolo Gentiloni
Pietro Grasso
Laura Boldrini
LegislatureParliament
Senate of the Republic
Chamber of Deputies
Formation
23 August 476
15 March 493
2 April 568
• Kingdom of Italy (medieval state)
2 January 888
• Kingdom of Italy (Napoleonic)
17 March 1805
• Unification (modern state)
17 March 1861
2 June 1946
• Founded the EEC(now the European Union)
1 January 1958
Area
• Total
301,338 km2 (116,347 sq mi) (71st)
• Water (%)
2.4
Population
• 2016 estimate
60,599,936[2] (23rd)
• Density
201.3/km2 (521.4/sq mi) (63rd)
GDP (PPP)2016 estimate
• Total
$2.234 trillion[3] (12th)
• Per capita
$36,833[3] (32nd)
GDP (nominal)2016 estimate
• Total
$1.850 trillion[3] (8th)
• Per capita
$30,507[3] (25th)
Gini (2014)32.7[4]
medium
HDI (2015)Increase 0.887[5]
very high · 26th
CurrencyEuro ()b (EUR)
Time zoneCET(UTC+1)
• Summer (DST)
CEST (UTC+2)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy (AD)
Drives on theright
Calling code+39c
ISO 3166 codeIT
Internet TLD.itd
  1. French is co-official in the Aosta Valley; Slovene is co-official in the province of Trieste and the province of Gorizia; German and Ladin are co-official in South Tyrol.
  2. Before 2002, the Italian Lira. The euro is accepted in Campione d'Italia, but the official currency there is the Swiss Franc.[6]
  3. To call Campione d'Italia, it is necessary to use the Swiss code +41.
  4. The .eu domain is also used, as it is shared with other European Union member states.

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of July 9, 2017


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