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Republic of Iraq
جمهورية العـراق
Jumhūriyyat al-‘Irāq
كۆماری عێراق
FlagCoat of arms
Motto: الله أكبر (Arabic)
"Allahu Akbar(transliteration)
"God is the Greatest"
[citation needed]
Anthem: "Mawtini"
"موطني"
"My Homeland"
Capital
and largest city
Baghdad
33°20′N44°26′E / 33.333°N 44.433°E / 33.333; 44.433
Official languages
DemonymIraqi
GovernmentFederalparliamentaryconstitutionalrepublic
 - PresidentJalal Talabani
 - Prime MinisterNouri al-Maliki
 - Speaker of the Council of RepresentativesUsama al-Nujayfi
LegislatureCouncil of Representatives
Independencefrom the United Kingdom
 - Kingdom3 October 1932 
 - Republic declared14 July 1958 
 - Current constitution15 October 2005 
Area
 - Total438,317 km2 (59th)
169,234 sq mi
 - Water (%)1.1
Population
 - 2012 estimate31,129,225[1] (36th)
 - Density71.0/km2 (125th)
183.9/sq mi
GDP (PPP)2013 estimate
 - Total$143.676 billion[2] (63rd)
 - Per capita$4,272[2] (126th)
GDP (nominal)2011 estimate
 - Total$144.214 billion[2] (62nd)
 - Per capita$4,288[2] (110th)
Gini (2007)30.9[3]
medium
HDI (2011)0.573[4]
medium
CurrencyIraqi dinar (IQD)
Time zoneArabia Standard Time(UTC+3)
 - Summer (DST)not observed (UTC+3)
Drives on theright
Calling code+964
ISO 3166 codeIQ
Internet TLD.iq
a.Constitution of Iraq, Article 4 (1st).

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of July 26, 2012


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