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Iraq Demographics Profile 2013

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Population31,858,481 (July 2013 est.)
Age structure0-14 years: 37.2% (male 6,029,869/female 5,818,752)
15-24 years: 19.6% (male 3,175,754/female 3,082,880)
25-54 years: 35.8% (male 5,823,608/female 5,585,217)
55-64 years: 4.2% (male 637,889/female 698,691)
65 years and over: 3.2% (male 467,858/female 537,963) (2013 est.)
Dependency ratiostotal dependency ratio: 76.2 %
youth dependency ratio: 70.6 %
elderly dependency ratio: 5.6 %
potential support ratio: 17.8 (2013)
Median agetotal: 21.3 years
male: 21.2 years
female: 21.4 years (2013 est.)
Population growth rate2.29% (2013 est.)
Birth rate27.51 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Death rate4.65 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Net migration rate0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)
Urbanizationurban population: 66.5% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 3.05% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - populationBAGHDAD (capital) 5.751 million; Mosul 1.447 million; Erbil 1.009 million; Basra 923,000; As Sulaymaniyah 836,000 (2009)
Sex ratioat birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
0-14 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-24 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
25-54 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
55-64 years: 0.91 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.87 male(s)/female
total population: 1.03 male(s)/female (2013 est.)
Infant mortality ratetotal: 38.86 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 42.98 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 34.55 deaths/1,000 live births (2013 est.)
Life expectancy at birthtotal population: 71.14 years
male: 69.67 years
female: 72.67 years (2013 est.)
Total fertility rate3.5 children born/woman (2013 est.)
Contraceptive prevalence rate51.2% (2011)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rateless than 0.1% (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDSfewer than 500 (2003 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deathsNA
Drinking water sourceimproved:
urban: 91% of population
rural: 56% of population
total: 79% of population
unimproved:
urban: 9% of population
rural: 44% of population
total: 21% of population (2010 est.)
Sanitation facility accessimproved:
urban: 76% of population
rural: 67% of population
total: 73% of population
unimproved:
urban: 24% of population
rural: 33% of population
total: 27% of population (2010 est.)
Major infectious diseasesdegree of risk: intermediate
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A, and typhoid fever
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2013)
Nationalitynoun: Iraqi(s)
adjective: Iraqi
Ethnic groupsArab 75%-80%, Kurdish 15%-20%, Turkoman, Assyrian, or other 5%
ReligionsMuslim (official) 97% (Shia 60%-65%, Sunni 32%-37%), Christian or other 3%
note: while there has been voluntary relocation of many Christian families to northern Iraq, recent reporting indicates that the overall Christian population may have dropped by as much as 50 percent since the fall of the Saddam HUSSEIN regime in 2003, with many fleeing to Syria, Jordan, and Lebanon
LanguagesArabic (official), Kurdish (official), Turkmen (a Turkish dialect) and Assyrian (Neo-Aramaic) are official in areas where they constitute a majority of the population), Armenian
Literacydefinition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 78.5%
male: 86%
female: 71.2% (2011 est.)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)total: 10 years
male: 11 years
female: 9 years (2004)
Child labor - children ages 5-14total number: 715,737
percentage: 11 % (2006 est.)
Education expendituresNA
Maternal mortality rate63 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight7.1% (2006)
Health expenditures8.3% of GDP (2011)
Physicians density0.607 physicians/1,000 population (2010)
Hospital bed density1.3 beds/1,000 population (2010)
Obesity - adult prevalence rate27% (2008)

Source: CIA World Factbook
Unless otherwise noted, information in this page is accurate as of February 21, 2013